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Suffixes

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Noun and adjective suffixes in English

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Suffixes

  1. 1. for 2nd BAT students by Pepa Mut Suffixes
  2. 2. Definition Suffix: a group of letters that you add to the end of a word to make another word. In the word 'slowly', '-ly' is a suffix. /ˈsʌfɪks/
  3. 3. Noun suffixes -er added to a verb is used for the person who does an activity: writer, worker, singer,... (sometimes -or, as in actor, sailor, supervisor,...) -er/-or are also used for things which do a particular job: tin-opener, projector, ... -er and -ee can contrast with each other, meaning "person who does something" (-er) and "person who receives or experiences the action" (-ee): employer/employee, ... -(t)ion is used to make nouns from verbs: communication, pollution, admission, ...
  4. 4. Noun suffixes -ist is also used for people who play musical instruments: pianist, violinist -al is added to some verbs to make nouns: arrival, refusal, -ness is used to make abstract nouns from adjectives: happiness, goodness, weakness -ment is used to make abstract nouns from verbs: excitement, enjoyment -hood is used to make abstract nouns, especially family terms, from nouns: childhood, brotherhood -ship is used to make abstract nouns, especially status, from nouns: friendship, membership, partnership -(i)ty is used to make abstract nouns from adjectives: honesty, loyalty
  5. 5. Adjective suffixes -able / -ible → adjective (meaning = capable of) Example: portable, edible -acious / -icious → adjective (meaning = full of; characterised by) Example: audacious, avaricious -al → adjective (meaning = pertaining to; related to) Example: regional, musical -an / -ian → adjective (meaning = related to; characterised by; nationality) Example: republican, Iranian -ant / -ent → adjective (meaning = full of) Example: reluctant, fluent -ary → adjective (meaning = related to; concerned with) Example: budgetary, military
  6. 6. Adjective suffixes -ed → adjective (meaning = having; affected by; as past participle of verbs) Example: talented, excited -en → adjective (meaning = resembling; as past participle of verbs) Example: golden, mistaken -ern → adjective (meaning = related to; coming from; characterised by) Example: northern, eastern -escent → adjective (meaning = becoming) Example: pubescent, evanescent -ful → adjective (meaning = full of; having the quality of) Example: colourful, restful -ic / -ical → adjective (meaning = pertaining to; related to) Example: mythic, historical
  7. 7. Adjective suffixes -ing → adjective (meaning = having the quality of; as present participle of verbs) Example: interesting, moving -ish → adjective (meaning = like; having the quality of; nationality) Example: childish, Swedish -ive → adjective (meaning = concerned with; having the nature of) Example: attractive, quantitative -less → adjective (meaning = without; not having) Example: careless, endless -ly → adjective (meaning = having the quality of; recurring at intervals of) Example: brotherly, hourly
  8. 8. Adjective suffixes -oid → adjective (meaning = like; resembling) Example: anthropoid, ovoid -ose → adjective (meaning = full of; having the quality of) Example: verbose, bellicose -ous → adjective (meaning = full of; characterised by) Example: courageous, mountainous -some → adjective (meaning = having the nature of; characterised by) Example: tiresome -worthy → adjective (meaning = deserving; suitable) Example: trustworthy, noteworthy -y → adjective (meaning = full of; having the quality of) Example: cloudy, sleepy

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