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# Present Simple and Present Continuous

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### Present Simple and Present Continuous

1. 1. Present Simple and Present Continuousby PepaMut<br />
2. 2. Use: let’s compare them!<br />Use the Present Simple for things in general or things that happen repeatedly. (habits, routines)<br />I usually take the bus to school.<br />Use the Present Continuous for something that is happening now, for a temporary situation or for a future plan.<br />-Today , mum is taking us to school in her car. We all missed the bus!<br />-We are having dinner at the new restaurant tomorrow evening.<br />
3. 3. Form<br />Present Continuous <br />Affirmative<br />Am / is /are + v-ing<br />I’m working. She’s working.<br />Negative (+not)<br />She isn’t working now.<br />Questions<br />Are you working now? Yes, I am.<br />Is she working now? No, she isn’t.<br />Present Simple <br />Affirmative<br />I / we / you / they work.<br />He / She / It works. <br />Negative (don’t/doesn’t)<br />I don’t work in an office.<br />He doesn’t work here.<br />Questions<br />Do you work here? Yes, I do.<br />Does she work in an office?<br /> No, she doesn’t.<br />
4. 4. Time expressions<br />Present Simple<br />Present Continuous<br />Now<br />Right now<br />At present<br />At the moment<br />Today<br />This week<br />This month<br />Every day<br />Always<br />Usually<br />Often<br />Sometimes<br />Hardly ever<br />Ever<br />At the weekend<br />Once/Twice a week<br />On Sundays<br />In the summer/winter<br />In the morning/afternoon/evening<br />At noon / midday<br />
5. 5. Spelling: Present SimpleRules for the 3rd person singular form (he, she, it)1-Most verbs add –s: works2-Verbs ending in -s, -sh, -ch, -x, and -o add –es: misses, washes, watches, fixes, goes, does…3-Verbs ending in consonant +y, change the y to I, then add –es: studies, flies, tries<br />
6. 6. Spelling: Present ContinuousRules for adding –ing to the verb:1-Most verbs add –ing to the base form:working2-Verbs ending in a silent e drop the –e:<br />Dancing, living3-Monosyllabic verbs ending with a vowel + a consonant, double the final consonant, then add –ing:planning, sitting<br />4-Two-syllable verbs with the stress on the last syllable, double the final consonant, then add –ing:<br />Referring, beginning<br />5-Verbs ending in –l, double the l, then add –ing:<br />Travelling<br />6-Verbs ending in –ie change to y, than add –ing:<br />die-dying, tie-tying<br />