www.peoplematters.inJobless GrowthWhile the Indian economy is growing steadily, employment statistics reveal that jobcreation has not kept pace.The estimated number of entrants into the workforce in the period 2005-10 was anaverage of 12 million per annum. A period when the economy grew at an average8.7% and at above 9% in three of the five years. Despite this growth, just 5.5 millionjobs were created annually in the industry and services sectors. This includes newjob creation through welfare schemes like NREGA.While corporate India suffers from a chronic shortage of high and mediumskilled people, estimates suggest that India will create a surplus of 30 million lowskilled unemployed youngsters by the turn of the current decade.To compensate for this period (2005-10) of jobless growth, the Indian economy needsto create 150 million jobs between 2010 and 2020.
www.peoplematters.inConsequencesWith an estimated 12-15 million new entrants into the workforce every year, there isevery possibility of Indias touted demographic advantage turning into a socialnightmare if these employment trends continue.Another consequence of the India growth story since 2005 has been the rise of lowproductivity and informal construction jobs.
www.peoplematters.inIndia storys Missing LinkThe answers to these grave trends and projections lie in a handful of policy initiativesthat will promote manufacturing. The solutions put out by experts and industryleaders are: • Reform of Indias labour laws • Better power and transportation • Easier land availability • Access to medium level skills in large • SME incentivisation • Education reform
www.peoplematters.in “We do not have a minimum baseline definition of what employment is? The situation, therefore, is likely to be worse than what the numbers suggest. The manufacturing sector will be the prime channel for employment generation in the economy. 100 million additional jobs can be created in the manufacturing sector in India by 2025. Our strategy to grow manufacturing needs to shift away from emphasis on large enterprises and a few large scale manufacturing zones, to dispersed enterprises across the country, and more small-scale people intensive employment.”Arun Maira, Member, PlanningCommission
www.peoplematters.in “I don‟t think that the Indian economy will have a jobless growth in the longer term. In many places, a lag effect comes into play and this is what the economy is experiencing at this point. But this lag effect will go and the economy will start adding more jobs in the future. Employers will continue to invest in people- intensive processes and people-skills will continue to be in demand.”S Mahalingam, Chairman, CII Council on SkillDevelopment and Former CFO & ExecutiveDirector, Tata Consultancy Services
www.peoplematters.in “India‟s labour laws make an employment contract the equivalent of marriage without divorce. There are many obvious steps to making India a better habitat for job creation (infrastructure, lower regulatory cholesterol, more credit flow to SMEs, etc) but the low hanging fruit has been picked and we need to confront the difficult, controversial but important issue of labour law reform.”Manish Sabharwal, CEO,Teamlease
www.peoplematters.in “India has to find a niche of how to move higher up the value chain of manufacturing and scale up to absorb workers. The answer, therefore, lies to more broad-based industrialisation. Infrastructure advancement should also be supplemented by how rural areas can benefit from modernisation.Sher Verick, Senior Specialist on Employment,International Labour Organisation
www.peoplematters.in “In the absence of a full-fledged infrastructure, it is incumbent on all of us as organisations to take care of our needs to build our own, as opposed to buy. It is a strategy that works.”Piyush Mehta, Senior VP HR, Genpact “There is a reason for what is being termed as „jobless growth‟. Gradually, salary costs are going up.”Ravi Dasgupta, VP-Group HR, Biocon
www.peoplematters.in “There is a great need to have the last-mile connectivity of the national skilling agenda with the industry. Sales, customer service and nursing are some occupations that are seeing a lot of employment demand, but skilling in these areas seems to lack last-mile connectivity.”Shelly Singh, Co-founder & EVP, PeopleStrong HR Services “There is a big opportunity for the education and E-commerce sectors to add more jobs to the economy, but they are not at this point.”Kamal Karanth, Managing Director, Kelly Services India Click for full story
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