Faith, Mary and theWedding Feast of Cana Changing Water… into Wine
Roadmap1. “They have no wine” (John 2:3) 2. “Do What He Tells You” (John 2:5) Is something missing in your life? Leading people out of the desert… Where do I get the: Reading the “Signs of the Times” Through Discernment Answers? Through Catechesis Strength? Towards encounter with Christ Blessing? Examination Sources: Grace? Benedict XVI, Porta Fidei Bible Moving towards: The Son who gives life in abundance! Observation A good place in life. Friendship and community.
Roadmap3. “He tasted the water that hadbeen turned into wine.” (John 2:9) 4. New Evangelization & Year of Faith What is good in your life? What can be better that is already good? New wine Formation & Transformation … Church of the future …vs. Education & Information Signs of fruit: In the Church In your life
Conferences will be…. • Interactive • Challenging Warning !
Homework 1. Find a Bible 2. Read John 2 : 1-12 3. Write down ONE thought about it… 4. …before tomorrow!
“Faith impels us to read and discern the signs of the times in the present history.”Porta Fidei, Pope Benedict XVI, 2012
Preamble (From Vatican II)“The council yearns to explain to everyonehow it conceives of the presence and activityof the Church in the world of today….
Preamble (From Vatican II)How does the Church do this ?(scrutinize, interpret, explain)…To carry out such a task, the Church hasalways had the duty of scrutinizing the signs ofthe times and of interpreting them in the lightof the Gospel.” (Vatican II, Gaudium et Spes – “The Church in the Modern World,” Para 2, , 1965 )
Preamble“(The current times) should prove a stimulus to the Church: To increase its ever growing vitality, To take stock of itself, And give careful consideration to the signs of the times,Always and everywhere ‘proving all things and holding fastthat which is good.’" (Ecclesiam Suam, Encyclical by Paul VI “On The Church,” 1964 )
PreambleIn other words, the Church asks: Where were we? (Past) Where are we? (Present) Where are we going? (Future) What’s good? (Keep or make better) What’s not? (Change or discard) And….how do we discern this? (next slide)
Reading the “Signs of the Times” An Interactive Exercise
Reading the “Signs of the Times”As a Church, where do we see: An increase in vitality? The Church taking stock of itself? The Church giving careful consideration to the signs of the times? “Holding fast that which is good"
Reading the “Signs of the Times”As a Church, where do we NOT see: An increase in vitality? The Church taking stock of itself? The Church giving careful consideration to the signs of the times? “Holding fast that which is good"
Reading the “Signs of the Times”As a believer: Where do you see an increase in vitality in you life? How are your taking stock of yourself? Who helps you give careful consideration to the signs of the times? What is good in your life to which you are, and should be, “holding fast?”
Reading the “Signs of the Times”As a believer, where does there need to beconversion/redemption: In what areas of your life is vitality lacking? What areas of your life have not been examined? (“Taking stock of yourself”) Whom do you still need to consult to give “careful consideration to the signs of the times?” What is NOT good in your life onto which you are still “holding fast?”
Questions: What is this that we’re doing? Why is this important?What saint is famous for this process? Extra Credit: What religious order did he found? What book did he write?
What secular examples do we have of this process?
Reading the Signs of the Times, An Example Kate, Andy (not their real names) and the “New Year’s Eve Party”
Roadmap1. “They have no wine” (John 2:3) 2. “Do What He Tells You” (John 2:5) Is something missing in your life? Where do I get the: Leading people out of the desert… Answers? Reading the “Signs of the Times” Strength? Through Discernment Blessing? Through Catechesis Grace? Towards encounter with Christ Moving towards the Son who gives OBSERVATION life in abundance! Moving towards a good place in life. Sources: Moving towards friendship and community. Benedict XVI, “Porta Fidei” Bible
Catholic Church: ThenParish of the past. Focus on: Social, Cultural, Political, EducationalExample: ethnic neighborhood parishes and Catholic schoolsFaith was “self-evident.”
Catholic Church: NowThe previous stuff was good (for its time)The previous stuff is still good,But now, it’s drinking water at a wedding. (AKA, “old wine skins”)Need to change water into wine.
Catholic Church: Now78/5 – 18/2Lights hiddenUS Catholics floundering (Europe is worse…)And yet: Inactives: Interest in the spiritual, “spirituality,” transcendence, service. (Katrina, Haiti, Sandy) Actives: Interest in Bible, catechesis, leadership
How do we change Water into Wine ?• Finding the good• Making the “good” even better THROUGH: * Encounter * Discernment * Catechesis
“They asked him, „What must we do to do the works of God?‟Jesus answered, “The work of God is this: to believe in the one he has sent.” John 6:28-29 (NIV)
Christifideles LaiciGifts, Charisms and the Dignity of the Lay Faithful.”
Why is this important? Vatican II, Church in the Modern World (Gaudium et Spes), para. 43• “They are mistaken who, knowing that we have here not abiding city but seek one which is to come, think that they may therefore shirk their earthly responsibilities…
Why is this important?• Nor …are they any less wide of the mark who think that religion consists in acts of worship alone and in the discharge of certain moral obligations,• …and who imagine they can plunge themselves into earthly affairs in such a way as to imply that these are altogether divorced from religious life.
Why is this important?• This split between the faith, which many profess, and their daily lives, deserves to be counted among the most serious errors of our age.” • (Benedict XVI, Porta fidei)
Charisms…determining, and discerning Discerning Ministries and Charisms: Steps: Explanation and inventory Catherine of Siena Institute First session (1 hour ) “Called and Gifted” Going in Depth “Spiritual Gifts Inventory” Discern How to Apply in Life Start to Apply / ExperienceHow could do you do this on your own ? Re-Discern
End of PART 11. “They have no wine” (John 2:3)
FAITH THEN “COMMITS EVERY ONE OF US TOBECOME A LIVING SIGN OF THE PRESENCE OF THE RISEN LORD IN THE WORLD." F R O M P O R TA F I D E I , P O P E B E N E D I C T X V I
ROADMAP 1. “They have no wine” (John 2:3) 2. “Do What He Tells You” (John 2:5)• Is something missing in your life?• Leading people out of the • Where do I get the: • Answers? desert… • Strength? • Reading the “Signs of the Times” • Blessing? • Through Discernment • Grace? • Through Catechesis • Towards encounter with Christ • Moving towards the Son who gives life in abundance!• Sources: • Benedict XVI, Porta Fidei • Moving towards a good • Bible place in life. • Moving towards friendship and community.
THE “GREAT QUESTIONS” • Suffering • My Family • What Should Lay People Do? • (vs priests & nuns) • Women • Human Sexuality
THE WORD (REFORMATION THEOLOGY)• The Word = The Bible• Whole of Christian truth found within the Bible’s pages.• Contains all material one needs for understanding about: • Who is God • Who am I • My relationship with God • My relationships with others
THE WORD (REFORMATION THEOLOGY)• Material is sufficiently clear• Thus one does not need any other teaching authority to help one understand it. • (Like “apostolic tradition” or the Church’s “Magisterium”)• Anything extraneous to the Bible is unnecessary, non- authoritative or wrong - and may well hinder one in coming to God. • (ibid)
THE “WORD” (CATHOLIC TRADITION)• Sacred tradition and Sacred Scripture form one sacred deposit of the word of God • (Vatican II, Dei Verbum para. 10)• …there exists a close connection and communication between sacred tradition and Sacred Scripture.• Both of them, flowing from the same divine wellspring, merge into a unity.
THE “WORD” (CATHOLIC TRADITION)• Sacred Scripture is the word of God inasmuch as it is consigned to writing under the inspiration of the divine Spirit, …• …while sacred tradition takes the word of God entrusted by Christ the Lord and the Holy Spirit to the Apostles, and hands it on to their successors in its full purity …
THE “WORD” (CATHOLIC TRADITION)• ….so that led by the light of the Spirit of truth, they may - in proclaiming it - preserve this word of God faithfully, explain it, and make it more widely known. i.e. … applying the Scriptures, in practical ways, to everyday situations in our lives.
THE “WORD” (CATHOLIC TRADITION)• Consequently it is not from Sacred Scripture alone that the Church draws her certainty about everything which has been revealed.• Both sacred tradition and Sacred Scripture are to be accepted and venerated with the same sense of loyalty and reverence.
NEW WINE – NEW WINESKINS As Catholics, how do we begin applying the• Mark 2:22 … “Word” to everyday life?• “No one puts new wine into old wineskins; • or else the new wine bursts the wineskins, • the wine is spilled, • and the wineskins are ruined.• New wine must be put into new wineskins.”
AN ENCOUNTER WITH THE “WORD” IS AN ENCOUNTER WITH CHRIST REAL WORLD EXAMPLES
AN ENCOUNTER WITH THE “WORD” IS AN ENCOUNTER WITH CHRIST “WORD” = SCRIPTURE & TRADITION
THE WORD AND THE “GREAT QUESTIONS”• Alone: • For edification • Spiritual nourishment • Catechesis• When discerning: • Don’t read the “Word” alone • Lose opportunity for support, communio • Lose perspective and additional information
TIMING• This takes time (“Waiting on the Lord”) • Give it a year… • Thoughts • Word • Posture • Prophetic prayer• Might mean taking away; NOT adding on.
FRUIT• “Search for the beauty of faith…• …until the heart finds rest”• Or other feelings like: • Conviction • Courage • Confidence • Hope We need to pay attention to feelings. We cannot be governed by our emotions, but the Holy Spirit does live within them. (St. Francis de Sales).
END OF PART 2“DO WHAT HE TELLS YOU” (JOHN 2:5)
4. New Evangelization & Year of Faith New wine Church of the future Signs of fruit in the Church Signs of fruit in your life 3. “He tasted the water that had been turned into wine.” (John 2:9) What is good in your life? What can be better that is already good? Formation & Transformation … vs. Education & Information
“Reading the context is not enough… Unless the heart is opened by grace” (Benedict XVI, Porta fidei.)
“Word” = Scripture, Church Fathers, theological masters, saints… Reading the text, Understanding the interpretation/explanation. Finding “something” there, and… Discovering a meaning within the context of your life.
It’s not academic. It’s not about the mind, …it’s about the “heart.” Its not about information, …it’s about formation and trans-formation.
Done within the context of a (“holy”) hour. Done within the time of the “Holy Hour.” Then it’s water -> wine Mind thing -> encounter with Christ
From a treatise against the heresy of Noetusby Saint Hippolytus, priest (A.D. 170-235)
There is only one God, brethren, and we learn about him only from sacred Scripture. It is therefore our duty to become acquainted with what Scripture proclaims and to investigate its teachings (aka, “sacred tradition”) thoroughly…
Sacred Scripture is God’s gift to us and it should be understood in the way that he intends… ….we should not do violence to it by interpreting it according to our own preconceived ideas.
Two questions: Question #1: Why is this important? › (Hold that thought…)
Redeem = “change” and “exchange” Undue the damage Fill the lacuna Renew you physically, emotionally Renew you within the Church “Redeeming” internally and externally
Internally: thoughts, affections, mentality, conduct: › Need to be purified › Need to be transformed Externally: › Venture capitalist and “entrepreneurial prison ministry”
In the past Mass was sufficient; today Sunday is not enough. A heart is shaped by transforming grace needs: › Contact with the Word › Contact with people of the Word
Remember this ……………….... Practical activity insufficient unless: › Expands love for man › Nourished by encounter with Christ “Charitable activities at all levels must avoid risk of becoming just another form of organized social assistance.” (Benedict XVI, Deus caritas est) Caution (again): pelagianism
PART 4The New Evangelizationand The Year of Faith
Roadmap: 3. “He tasted the water that had been 4. New Evangelization & Year of Faith turned into wine.” (John 2:9)• What is good in your life? • New wine• What can be better that is • Church of the future already good?• Formation & Transformation • Signs of fruit in the Church• vs. Education & Information • Signs of fruit in your life
The “New Evangelization”Definition and Context
Type of “Callings”The New Evangelizationand The Year of Faith
What the Church Does(Benedict XVI, Deus Caritas Est)• Kerygma – Proclaim the Word• Leitourgia – Sacraments• Diakonia - Charity
Calling - Disciples• From Greek, “ ” ▫ Pupil ▫ Learner ▫ Apprentice ▫ Might have a mission (smaller) (Example: Luke 10:1-24 and the “70 disciples”)
Calling – Martyrs• From Greek, “ ” Types: Examples:• Blood • Poverty (simple life)• Public witness • Chastity • Obedience • Action for Justice • Charity
Calling and Faith• What the world needs: Why both mind AND heart? ▫ Credible witnesses ▫ People able to open the hearts of others (“Charity”) ▫ But also people “enlightened” in mind and heart.
A Time For Witnesses• 1 Peter 1:6-7 “Now for a little while you may have to suffer grief in all kinds of trials.• These have come so that your faith - of greater worth than gold - which perishes even though refined by fire …• …may be proved genuine …• …and result in praise, glory and honor• …when Jesus Christ is revealed.”
A Time For Witnesses• Is our current suffering a prelude to joy ?)• “That is why, for Christs sake, I delight in weaknesses, insults, hardships, persecutions, difficulties.• For when I am weak, then I am strong.”• (1 Corinthians 12:10)
What the Church StillNeeds to Do (Benedict XVI)• Remember …………………… • Practical activity insufficient unless: ▫ Expands love for man… ▫ Nourished by encounter with Christ ▫ “Charitable activities at all levels must avoid risk of becoming just another form of organized social assistance.”
Faith Applied in Action:• Discern for yourself what the Lord is telling you during your retreat this year.• Discuss this three times with at least one person over the course of the next year.
Faith Applied in Action:• There are 18 Marian celebrations and feast days…• Celebrate just one of these days that honor Mary this year.
Faith Applied in Action:• Commit to saying the Rosary (or Divine Chaplet) daily during October, the month dedicated to Our Lady of the Rosary.
Faith Applied in Action:• Mary is mentioned close to 50 times in the New Testament. …• Over the next year, chose and read just one Marian story or passage. Sit with and pray with this passage for one week from one Saturday to the next.
Mary as the ModelWhat to do:• Treasuring Memories ▫ “Pondering” What you might experience: • Joy• Meditation • Trepidation ▫ “Reflecting” • Trust • Confusion• Tasting ▫ The fruits • Wonder
End Presentation…The New Evangelizationand The Year of Faith
Calling and Faith• Faith without charity bears no fruit…• Charity without faith is mere sentiment at the mercy of doubt. Church’s role in moral teaching Relationship between faith and reason