To Improve Student Comprehension
The “Testing Effect”
The critical role of retrieval practice in long-term retention.
Roediger HL 3rd, Butler AC, Trends In Cognitive Science 2011 Jan;15(1):20-7
Learning is usually thought to occur during episodes of studying, whereas retrieval of information on
testing simply serves to assess what was learned. We review research that contradicts this
traditional view by demonstrating that retrieval practice is actually a powerful mnemonic enhancer,
often producing large gains in long-term retention relative to repeated studying. Retrieval practice
is often effective even without feedback (i.e. giving the correct answer), but feedback enhances
the benefits of testing. In addition, retrieval practice promotes the acquisition of knowledge that
can be flexibly retrieved and transferred to different contexts. The power of retrieval practice in
consolidating memories has important implications for both the study of memory and its
application to educational practice.
In my classes:
Moodle Quizzes replace note-taking
homework and short answer homework
I use Moodle quizzes for quick, in-class
vocabulary and basic comprehension
Randomized Experiment in My Class
Students using Moodle quizzes instead of
completing vocabulary notes performed just
as well as their peers on the unit tests
*Lowest performing students did not do as well when just taking the quizzes
in this experiment
Google Forms vs Moodle Quizzes
Google forms are great for getting feedback,
or for quick surveys
Moodle quizzes are much better for assessing
knowledge- the question formats and
statistics are much richer
Moodle Quizzes Allow
Multiple Question types
Randomized Questions- this is key!!
Tailored Feedback for each answer
Detailed statistics on student responses
On the Edit Categories Page you should make new Categories
- Think about sections from which you may want to draw random
Note: Be Careful of Image Names!
The “image description” on an image will
display if students hover over it on some
Sometimes kids can drag the image to the
desktop to find it as well.
The name of the question is hidden, however.
This question is called
“sandstone” in my
question bank, but I
had to change the
image name to not
give away the answer.
FeedbackFeedback- You can give feedback for specific answers
General feedback- shows for all students, depending on Quiz Settings
General feedback is some text that gets shown to the student after they have attempted the question. Unlike
feedback, which depends on the question type and what response the student gave, the same general feedback
text is shown to all students.
You can control when general feedback is shown to students using the "Students may review:" check-boxes on the
quiz editing form.
You can use the general feedback to give students some background to what knowledge the question was testing.
Or to give them a link to more information they can use if they did not understand the questions.