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Over the last decade, intense debate in the philosophy of biology community has focused on the causal status of the theories of natural selection and genetic drift, and two standard positions have crystallized – the “causalist” and “statisticalist” interpretations of evolutionary theory. After a decade, the debate shows no sign of abating. It is my project here to critically evaluate the current status of these positions. The debate between causalists and statisticalists, I will argue, does not offer a profitable framework for structuring our understanding of natural selection and genetic drift in the philosophy of biology. While it it brings to the fore an issue of significant metaphysical interest, this issue is not analyzed any more readily in the biological context. Further, the debate has worked to actively drive discussion away from the uniquely biological issue it exposes: differences in our definitions of natural selection and genetic drift.