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STORAGE TECH MAP
Overview of data storage tech fields and branches
Storage, from computational viewpoint
Memory
Control
Unit
Arithmetic
Logic Unit
Accumulator
Input output
Storage
Control
U...
What philosopher can tell
Storage is the NETWORK
transferring data along
time dimension.
-- Professor Xie, NUDT
So many terminologies around
Server SAN
Distributed
storage Software defined
storage
Clustered
storage
Object storage
Field map to sort out
Object
Block
File
Virtual
storage
Clustered
file system Parallel file
system /
clustered NAS
Switche...
NAS & SAN
RAID
Filesystem
RAID
Filesystem
AppApp
NFS/CIFS
SCSI
NAS:
Data sharing
SAN:
Resource Sharing
Clustered file system
RAID
CFS
App
SCSI
CFS provide data
sharing capability
in SAN
Typical products:
Symantec VCFS
Oracle ...
Virtual storage
RAID
Virtual storage is
just additional
block level
aggregation on
top of SAN
Typical products:
IBM SVC
EM...
Switched disk array
RAIDCTL
Disk array with
internal-linked
multi controllers
Typical products:
EMC VMAX
HDS VSP
IBM XIV
F...
Distributed file system / clustered NAS
LocalFS
The earliest approach
to distributed storage
Typical products:
GlusterFS
E...
Server SAN (distributed block storage)
App
Server SAN provides
resource sharing like
SAN, but no physical
SAN devices need...
Web scale distributed storage
Typical products:
Ceph
HDFS
GoogleFS
MooseFS
MogileFS
……
Swift
Local FS Local FS Local FS Lo...
What is object storage?
Local FS Local FS Local FS Local FS
Object
Replica / EC
LIB / SDK / API
RESTful API
CinderS3/EBS
B...
Review this map again…
Object
Block
File
Virtual
storage
Clustered
file system Parallel file
system /
clustered NAS
Switch...
THANK YOU!
www.phegda.com
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Storage tech-map-eng

  1. 1. STORAGE TECH MAP Overview of data storage tech fields and branches
  2. 2. Storage, from computational viewpoint Memory Control Unit Arithmetic Logic Unit Accumulator Input output Storage Control Unit Arithmetic Logic Unit Instruction Memory Data Memory Input/output Storage Von Neumann Arch Harvard Arch JUST PERIPHERIALS!
  3. 3. What philosopher can tell Storage is the NETWORK transferring data along time dimension. -- Professor Xie, NUDT
  4. 4. So many terminologies around Server SAN Distributed storage Software defined storage Clustered storage Object storage
  5. 5. Field map to sort out Object Block File Virtual storage Clustered file system Parallel file system / clustered NAS Switched disk array Web scale distributed storage Server SAN NAS SAN Scale-out capability
  6. 6. NAS & SAN RAID Filesystem RAID Filesystem AppApp NFS/CIFS SCSI NAS: Data sharing SAN: Resource Sharing
  7. 7. Clustered file system RAID CFS App SCSI CFS provide data sharing capability in SAN Typical products: Symantec VCFS Oracle OCFS2 VMware VMFS …… CFS App SCSI
  8. 8. Virtual storage RAID Virtual storage is just additional block level aggregation on top of SAN Typical products: IBM SVC EMC VPLEX Filesystem App RAID Virtual Storage
  9. 9. Switched disk array RAIDCTL Disk array with internal-linked multi controllers Typical products: EMC VMAX HDS VSP IBM XIV Filesystem App RAIDCTLRAIDCTL SCSI
  10. 10. Distributed file system / clustered NAS LocalFS The earliest approach to distributed storage Typical products: GlusterFS EMC ISILON IBM GPFS/SONAS Lustre/OpenSFS pNFS PVFS/OrangeFS App LocalFSLocalFS NFS/ CIFS GobalFSGlobalFSGlobalFS
  11. 11. Server SAN (distributed block storage) App Server SAN provides resource sharing like SAN, but no physical SAN devices needed Typical products: EMC ScaleIO VMware vSAN HP VSA IBM Spectrum- Accelerate AppApp EngineEngineEngine Network
  12. 12. Web scale distributed storage Typical products: Ceph HDFS GoogleFS MooseFS MogileFS …… Swift Local FS Local FS Local FS Local FS Object Replica / EC LIB / SDK / API RESTful API CinderS3/EBS Block POSIX /dev /mnt App
  13. 13. What is object storage? Local FS Local FS Local FS Local FS Object Replica / EC LIB / SDK / API RESTful API CinderS3/EBS Block POSIX /dev /mnt App Part 2: Rich attribute unit Part 1: API Driven Storage
  14. 14. Review this map again… Object Block File Virtual storage Clustered file system Parallel file system / clustered NAS Switched disk array Web scale distributed storage Server SAN NAS SAN Scale-out capability
  15. 15. THANK YOU! www.phegda.com

Sort out storage tech terminologies and categories ...

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