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Space planing

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space planning

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Space planing

  1. 1. FRSB, UPM 8TH NOV 2012 Ar. Zamri Ismail SPACE PLANNING
  2. 2. PROGRAMMING Space Standards for Different Purposes -Architects -Facilities Manager -Real Estate Professional -Quantity Surveyor
  3. 3. PROGRAMMING Space Calculation Example
  4. 4. PROGRAMMING Space Calculamtion Example
  5. 5. PROGRAMMING Design Requirements Phase: 5. DETERMINING AREA REQUIREMENTS Determining the Total Net Building Area Calculating Total (Gross) Building Area Required Checking the Gross Area Estimate
  6. 6. PROGRAMMING Checking the Gross Area Estimate 1. Trend Projection 2. Gross Area Factor Approach 3. Benchmark Data
  7. 7. PROGRAMMING Utilization Studies Utilization studies are used to build a picture of how the spaces are being used.
  8. 8. PROGRAMMING Utilization Studies
  9. 9. Space Calculation Example
  10. 10. Space Calculation Example
  11. 11. Analyze Facts Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  12. 12. Current Condition Analysis The Rule of Five Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  13. 13. Current Condition Analysis INPATIENT – Blue DIAGNOSTIC & TREATMENT – Red OUTPATIENT & AMBULATORY – Orange PUBLIC & ADMINISTRATIVE – Yellow SUPPORT - Green Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  14. 14. PROGRAMMING 6. ADJACENCY ANALYSIS: Describing the relationships among the individual spaces (Adjacency Matrix)
  15. 15.  Room Diagrams are the basis for each room in a department; every room has a diagram  Brownsheets are used to show entire department space needs and allow users to visualize the number and size Department NEEDS - Program Synthesis Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  16. 16. Phase 5: NEEDS - Program Synthesis Balance Space, Quality and Cost Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  17. 17. Phase 5: NEEDS - Program Synthesis Balance Space, Quality and Cost Commitment and “Sign-Off” Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  18. 18. SYNTHESIS “GAMING” SCHEMATIC DESIGN DESIGN DEVELOPMENT CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTATION DESIGN PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT CHARACTER & CAPACITY ASSESSMENT QUALITATIVE STANDARDS PROGRAMMATIC COST MODELLING ANALYSIS Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  19. 19. Phase 6: Gaming “When you come to a fork in the road, take it.” Yogi Berra Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  20. 20. Gaming Test Schemes in Interactive Work Sessions Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  21. 21. Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  22. 22. Gaming User Involvement NOT Isolation: It’s the Contribution Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  23. 23. Gaming Office Conf. Office Office Elevators Office Office Stor Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  24. 24. Office Conf. Office Office Elevators Office Office Stor Gaming Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  25. 25. Office Office Office Office Office Conf Stor Gaming Schematic Design Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  26. 26. Sun, P.P, Programming, International Islamic University Malaysia., 2009
  27. 27. PROGRAMMING 6. ADJACENCY ANALYSIS: example • Absolutely Required •Immediately Adjacent Attached A • Important • On Same Floor Strong S • Ordinary or • In Same Building Medium M • Unimportant Weak W • Not Desired • Locate as far away as possible Not Related N Admin. Building New Library Radio & TV Broadcasting Lecture Halls Seminar Rooms Tutorial Rooms Meeting Room Admin. Building ** New Library ** Radio & TV Broadcasting ** Lecture Halls ** Seminar Rooms ** Tutorial Rooms ** Meeting Room **
  28. 28. PROGRAMMING PROCESS FLOW: -Communications Survey -Adjacency Matrix -Bubble Diagram -Stack Diagram -Block Diagram -Floor Plan
  29. 29. Space Planning
  30. 30. Space Planning
  31. 31. Space Planning
  32. 32. Space Planning
  33. 33. Space Planning
  34. 34. Space Planning
  35. 35. Space Planning
  36. 36. Example
  37. 37. Design Process
  38. 38. SPACE RELATION QUADRANT The zoning plan is also the integration of the Islamic town planning and Islamic architecture. It is : •derived from the site characteristics •assembly and communal space as the node •derived from the center’s needs •supporting spaces surround the node are connected according to the relationship of importance & zoning Zoning
  39. 39. Space Hierarchy
  40. 40. Component Hierarchy
  41. 41. •curve according to site forces •creates approachability & welcoming façade towards residential area •creates frontage •addresses residential area & main road •creates accessible commercial area Qiblat •creates landmark •heightens projects visibility •provides accommodation •residences in tower have better view of surroundings •the surrounding area has better view of building •addresses all angles
  42. 42. Segregation in critical spaces: •Accommodation •Sports facilities •Mosque •Circulation between these spaces •Allotted facilities for Nisa’ Club Segregation
  43. 43. Segregation
  44. 44. Master Plan Townhouses Development property with strata title Retention and recreation Ponds Water activities and as rain water harvesting Club House Feel comfortable and peace in nature Education Building Aql Salim, To educate youth of ilm ad-dunya wal akhirah Training Centre Jismi Salim, to train youth amd WAMY members for both male and female Mosque The heart of WAMY Complex The Tower To accommodate students &family Convention crntr for WAMY events Horse Stable and Farm Horse back riding activity, practical of WAMY qurban, Learn about permaculture and aquaculture Chalet Give privay and natural environment enclave experience to users
  45. 45. Master Plan LAND USE Component Land Use (m²) Land Use (Acre) Pond 1 848 0.21 Pond 2 2522 0.62 Pond 3 1596 0.39 Tower 8465 2.09 Training Centre 6417 1.59 Mosque 3627 0.90 Secretariat Building 3463 0.86 Education 3917 0.97 Townhouses + Club House 28006 6.92 Chalet 1946 0.48 Permaculture Farm 7048 1.74 Outdoor Training Area 13097 3.24 Green and Permaculture Area 27630 6.83 Total Area 108582 26.83
  46. 46. Schedule of Accommodation Num Activities Spaces Total Area ( m²) 1 Secretariat Lobby / Front Desk WAMY Secretariat Offices Management Offices Maintenance Offices Service Offices Counseling Room 586 (include 25% circulation area) 2 Assembly / Communal Masjid Convention Hall / Auditorium Banquet Hall with kitchen Main Entrance Hall Lounge Media Room Gallery Library 3,463 (include 25% circulation area) 3 Training Classrooms Seminar Rooms Workshop WAMY Malaysia Club International Students Club Nisa’ Club (with kitchen) Inddor Sport Arena Outdoor Sports Centre Outdoor / Camping Equipment Storage Swimming Pool Gymnasium (male & female) Sickbay / Treatment Room 2,058 (include 25% circulation area) 4 Commercial Retail Bazaar Convenient Store Bookshops Café Boutique Busana Muslim Sporting Goods Restaurant Entrepreneurial Centre & Halal Hub 613 (include 25% circulation area) 5 Accommodation Main Lounge / Management Office / Lobby Chalets •Suite •Deluxe Service Apartment (female & male) •2 bedrooms •3 bedrooms Musolla (male & female) Main Dining Hall 10,163 (include 25% circulation area) 6 Property Townhouses Clubhouse 11,010 (include 25% circulation area) Total Built up Area 27,891
  47. 47. Example
  48. 48. References: Pena, William. Problem Seeking, An Architectural Programming Primer. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2001. PLANNING AND PROGRAMMING PROCESS William Sims and Franklin Becker Design Brief Phillips, Peter L. Creating the Perfect Design Brief by Allworth Press with Design Management Institute,2004 Sustainable Construction Centre

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