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Sustainable Development
Content 
• Sustainability 
• Development 
• Sustainable Development 
• Differences 
• History 
• SD in 21st Century 
• Importance 
• Obstacles
Content 
• Current State 
• Elements of Sustainable Development 
• Our Role 
• Quiz 
• Structural Changes 
• Action 2020 - Video
What is Sustainability? 
• In ecology, sustainability describes how biological systems 
remain diverse and productive over time. 
• For humans, sustainability is the long-term management 
capacity, which has environmental, economic, and social 
dimensions. 
• It’s about taking what we need to live now, without 
jeopardizing the potential for people in the future to meet 
their needs.
Sustainability
What is Development? 
• Development is the accumulation of human capital and its effective 
investment in the progress of an economy. 
• Development entails improvement in the quality as well as quantity of 
life.
Sustainable Development-Definition 
"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the 
present, without compromising the ability of future generations to 
meet their own needs.“ ‘Our common future’ 1987
Sustainable Development 
It is the harmonious integration of: 
• a sound and viable economy 
• responsible governance 
• social cohesion 
• ecological integrity 
In order to ensure that development is a life-sustaining process.
Differences? 
• Sustainability is the capacity to endure. 
• Sustainable development is a pattern of urban, social & economic 
growth with the ability to meet the needs of the present while 
contributing to improve the future generations life by restoring the 
previous ecosystem damage and resisting to contribute to further 
ecosystem damage. 
• Sustainability represents the great goal of life survival on Earth and it 
is associated with biological and social systems resilience. 
• Sustainable development is associated with how can we do it: the 
strategy to achieve that ultimate goal.
History
History 
1800 - The Industrial Revolution 
- Since the Industrial Revolution, the governments aim was about produce as much as possible 
- There were no concerns or knowledge about over polution and its consequences
History
History 
1968 - The Club of Rome 
- Non-governmental Organization (NGO) 
- Devoted to the study of the “world problematique” 
- Multidisciplinary and long term perspective 
- Brought the ecological limits to economic and demographic growth to the door of world opinion 
- Published The Limits to Growth
History 
1972 - The Limits to Growth 
- First Forecast (until 2100) about: 
- Accelerating global industrialization 
- Rapid world population growth 
- Widespread malnutrition caused by poverty 
- Dependence on nonrenewable resources and their accelerated depletion 
- Deteriorating environment
History 
1972- The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment 
- For the first time issues of an ecological nature were added to the roster of international concerns 
- Declaration of principles and action plan to fight pollution
History 
1984 - The World Commission on Environment and Development 
- First Definition of Sustainable Development 
"Development that meets the needs of 
the present without compromising the 
ability of future generations to meet 
their own needs."
History 
1987 -World Commission on Environment and Development 
“Brundtland Commission” 
- Defined the modern meaning of the term “Sustainable Development" 
- Published Our Common Future
History 
1987 – Our Common Future 
- Multilateralism and interdependence of nations in the search for a sustainable development path 
- Aimed to discuss the environment and development as one single issue 
- Led to 1992’s Earth Summit
History 
1992 - United Nations Conference on Environment and Development 
“Earth Summit” 
- Systematic scrutiny of patterns of production 
- Alternative sources of energy to replace the use of fossil fuels which are linked to global climate change 
- New reliance on public transportation 
- The growing scarcity of water 
- Agreement on the Climate Change Convention 
- Agenda 21
History 
1992 - Climate Change 
Convention 
1997 - Kyoto Protocol 
- No binding limits on greenhouse gas emissions 
- Limits of emissions for developed countries 
- Entered into force in 2005 
- 192 States signed the protocol
History 
1992 - Agenda 21 
- Non-binding, voluntarily implemented action plan 
- Social and Economic Dimensions 
- Conservation and Management of Resources for Development 
- Strengthening the Role of Major Groups 
- Means of Implementation
History
Sustainable Development in 21st Century
Why is it Important? 
• We live in an unequal world 
• More than 1000 milion people live 
with less than $1/3PLN per day 
• Over 1000 milion people don’t have 
acess to clean drinking water 
• 80% of all diseases in developing 
countries is caused by comsuption of 
contaminated water 
• Over 10 milion children die anually 
before their fifth birthday
Poverty in The World
Importance 
• The Ecological systems of the world are under stress 
• In the last decades the global resources extraction has been growing 
without control 
• Air polution kills around 3 milion people mostly in poor countries 
• Animal and Plant species are under threat of extinction 
• Between 100 and 1000 species become extinct each year
Impact on Species
Impact on Humans
Obstacles 
- Economical and Political Inertia 
- Unequal Division of Resources(20% of world’s population consumes 75% of the resouces) 
- Unequal quality of life 
- Contrast in Prosperity 
- How to manage resources sustainably 
- Environmental problems worldwide(Greenhouse gas emissions, Global warming, etc)
- Most countries in the world have accepted that sustainable development is an essential 
development pathway and are busy incorporating its principles into their own policies and 
programmes 
- The United Nations has taken sustainable development very seriously and it has established 
specialist units to deal with the issue and to identify opportunities and activities to support this 
development theory 
- The challenge now is to mainstream sustainable development thinking and to find sensible and 
simple solutions to our challenges 
- The beauty about sustainable development is that it really is very simple and people have been 
practicing it for centuries 
Where are we now?
PEOPLE 
ENVIRONMENT ECONOMY
Elements of Sustainable Development 
• Economical 
• Ecological 
• Technological 
• Political 
• Socio-cultural 
• Institutional
Elements of Sustainable Development 
Economical 
Ecological 
• Maintaining a sustainable population 
• Maintaining productivity and profitability of 
environment and natural resources 
• Adopting environmental management 
weapons in policy and decision making 
• Protecting the environment and conserving 
natural resources
Elements of Sustainable Development 
Technological 
Political 
• Promoting proper management of wastes and 
residuals 
• Adopting environment-friendly technologies 
• Empowering the people 
• Maintaining peace and order
Elements of Sustainable Development 
Socio-Cultural 
Institutional 
• Promoting resource access and upholding 
property rights 
• Promoting environmental awareness, 
inculcating environment ethics and 
supporting environment management 
action 
• Improving institutional capacity/ 
capability to manage sustainable 
development
We can help!? How to do it?
As individuals
Companies
What can we do as future engineers?
1. One_______ of the world’s population lives in urban slums or shanty 
towns. 
A. Percent 
B. Half 
C. Third 
D. Fourth
1. One_______ of the world’s population lives in urban slums or shanty 
towns. 
A. Percent 
B. Half 
C. Third 
D. Fourth
People living in slums
2. Deforestation causes between 16 and 25 percent of human-related 
greenhouse gas emission? 
A. True 
B. False
2. Deforestation causes between 16 and 25 percent of human-related 
greenhouse gas emission? 
A. True 
B. False
Impact of Deforestation
3. How many people in the world do not have access to clean drinking 
water? 
A. Less than 1 million. 
B. Between 3 and 4 million. 
C. Around 27 million. 
D. Over 1,000 million.
3. How many people in the world do not have access to clean drinking 
water? 
A. Less than 1 million. 
B. Between 3 and 4 million. 
C. Around 27 million. 
D. Over 1,000 million.
Acess to Clean Water
4. The world population in 2011 reached 7 billion people. According to 
the UN, the world population in 2050 is estimated to be? 
A. 8.1 Billion 
B. 8.7 Billion 
C. 9.2 Billion 
D. 10.8 Billion
4. The world population in 2011 reached 7 billion people. According to 
the UN, the world population in 2050 is estimated to be? 
A. 8.1 Billion 
B. 8.7 Billion 
C. 9.2 Billion 
D. 10.8 Billion
Population Growth
5. Recycling one ton of paper saves? 
A. 3 trees 
B. 10 trees 
C. 13 trees 
D. 17 trees
5. Recycling one ton of paper saves? 
A. 3 trees 
B. 10 trees 
C. 13 trees 
D. 17 trees
Recycling
6. How much energy is saved by recycling an aluminum can as opposed 
to creating a new one? 
A. 50% 
B. 75% 
C. 85% 
D. 95%
6. How much energy is saved by recycling an aluminum can as opposed 
to creating a new one? 
A. 50% 
B. 75% 
C. 85% 
D. 95%
Recycling
7. Which of these light bulb types use the least amount of energy? 
A. Incandescent 
B. Halogen 
C. Compact Fluorescent
7. Which of these light bulb types use the least amount of energy? 
A. Incandescent 
B. Halogen 
C. Compact Fluorescent
Light Bulb and Energy Saving
8. Each person creates about ___ kilograms of waste every day. 
A. 1 
B. 1.5 
C. 2.1 
D. 3.3
8. Each person creates about ___ kilograms of waste every day. 
A. 1 
B. 1.5 
C. 2.1 
D. 3.3
Waste
9. Which country currently emits the most greenhouse gases? 
A. India 
B. United States 
C. China 
D. Russia
9. Which country currently emits the most greenhouse gases? 
A. India 
B. United States 
C. China 
D. Russia
CO2 Emissions
10. How long does it take carbon dioxide to disperse in the 
atmosphere? 
A. 6 months 
B. 5 years 
C. 50 years 
D. 100 years
10. How long does it take carbon dioxide to disperse in the 
atmosphere? 
A. 6 months 
B. 5 years 
C. 50 years 
D. 100 years
CO2
Structural Changes 
• Avoiding the use of Environmentally Harmful raw 
materials, processes and products 
• Gradual substitution of Non-renewable resources with 
Renewable resources 
• Cleaner Technologies of Production 
• Recycle and Reuse Technologies 
• Biotechnological Applications of Renewable Resources
• Resource Optimization 
• Improvement in Quality of Life 
• Corporate Social Responsibility 
• Mass awareness campaigns to involve People 
• Proper Evaluation of Options toward the sustainable 
development considering all aspects
Action 2020
Thank you! 
Stay Green!

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Sustainable Development

  • 2. Content • Sustainability • Development • Sustainable Development • Differences • History • SD in 21st Century • Importance • Obstacles
  • 3. Content • Current State • Elements of Sustainable Development • Our Role • Quiz • Structural Changes • Action 2020 - Video
  • 4. What is Sustainability? • In ecology, sustainability describes how biological systems remain diverse and productive over time. • For humans, sustainability is the long-term management capacity, which has environmental, economic, and social dimensions. • It’s about taking what we need to live now, without jeopardizing the potential for people in the future to meet their needs.
  • 6. What is Development? • Development is the accumulation of human capital and its effective investment in the progress of an economy. • Development entails improvement in the quality as well as quantity of life.
  • 7. Sustainable Development-Definition "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.“ ‘Our common future’ 1987
  • 8. Sustainable Development It is the harmonious integration of: • a sound and viable economy • responsible governance • social cohesion • ecological integrity In order to ensure that development is a life-sustaining process.
  • 9. Differences? • Sustainability is the capacity to endure. • Sustainable development is a pattern of urban, social & economic growth with the ability to meet the needs of the present while contributing to improve the future generations life by restoring the previous ecosystem damage and resisting to contribute to further ecosystem damage. • Sustainability represents the great goal of life survival on Earth and it is associated with biological and social systems resilience. • Sustainable development is associated with how can we do it: the strategy to achieve that ultimate goal.
  • 11. History 1800 - The Industrial Revolution - Since the Industrial Revolution, the governments aim was about produce as much as possible - There were no concerns or knowledge about over polution and its consequences
  • 13. History 1968 - The Club of Rome - Non-governmental Organization (NGO) - Devoted to the study of the “world problematique” - Multidisciplinary and long term perspective - Brought the ecological limits to economic and demographic growth to the door of world opinion - Published The Limits to Growth
  • 14. History 1972 - The Limits to Growth - First Forecast (until 2100) about: - Accelerating global industrialization - Rapid world population growth - Widespread malnutrition caused by poverty - Dependence on nonrenewable resources and their accelerated depletion - Deteriorating environment
  • 15. History 1972- The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment - For the first time issues of an ecological nature were added to the roster of international concerns - Declaration of principles and action plan to fight pollution
  • 16. History 1984 - The World Commission on Environment and Development - First Definition of Sustainable Development "Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."
  • 17. History 1987 -World Commission on Environment and Development “Brundtland Commission” - Defined the modern meaning of the term “Sustainable Development" - Published Our Common Future
  • 18. History 1987 – Our Common Future - Multilateralism and interdependence of nations in the search for a sustainable development path - Aimed to discuss the environment and development as one single issue - Led to 1992’s Earth Summit
  • 19. History 1992 - United Nations Conference on Environment and Development “Earth Summit” - Systematic scrutiny of patterns of production - Alternative sources of energy to replace the use of fossil fuels which are linked to global climate change - New reliance on public transportation - The growing scarcity of water - Agreement on the Climate Change Convention - Agenda 21
  • 20. History 1992 - Climate Change Convention 1997 - Kyoto Protocol - No binding limits on greenhouse gas emissions - Limits of emissions for developed countries - Entered into force in 2005 - 192 States signed the protocol
  • 21. History 1992 - Agenda 21 - Non-binding, voluntarily implemented action plan - Social and Economic Dimensions - Conservation and Management of Resources for Development - Strengthening the Role of Major Groups - Means of Implementation
  • 24. Why is it Important? • We live in an unequal world • More than 1000 milion people live with less than $1/3PLN per day • Over 1000 milion people don’t have acess to clean drinking water • 80% of all diseases in developing countries is caused by comsuption of contaminated water • Over 10 milion children die anually before their fifth birthday
  • 25. Poverty in The World
  • 26. Importance • The Ecological systems of the world are under stress • In the last decades the global resources extraction has been growing without control • Air polution kills around 3 milion people mostly in poor countries • Animal and Plant species are under threat of extinction • Between 100 and 1000 species become extinct each year
  • 29. Obstacles - Economical and Political Inertia - Unequal Division of Resources(20% of world’s population consumes 75% of the resouces) - Unequal quality of life - Contrast in Prosperity - How to manage resources sustainably - Environmental problems worldwide(Greenhouse gas emissions, Global warming, etc)
  • 30. - Most countries in the world have accepted that sustainable development is an essential development pathway and are busy incorporating its principles into their own policies and programmes - The United Nations has taken sustainable development very seriously and it has established specialist units to deal with the issue and to identify opportunities and activities to support this development theory - The challenge now is to mainstream sustainable development thinking and to find sensible and simple solutions to our challenges - The beauty about sustainable development is that it really is very simple and people have been practicing it for centuries Where are we now?
  • 32. Elements of Sustainable Development • Economical • Ecological • Technological • Political • Socio-cultural • Institutional
  • 33. Elements of Sustainable Development Economical Ecological • Maintaining a sustainable population • Maintaining productivity and profitability of environment and natural resources • Adopting environmental management weapons in policy and decision making • Protecting the environment and conserving natural resources
  • 34. Elements of Sustainable Development Technological Political • Promoting proper management of wastes and residuals • Adopting environment-friendly technologies • Empowering the people • Maintaining peace and order
  • 35. Elements of Sustainable Development Socio-Cultural Institutional • Promoting resource access and upholding property rights • Promoting environmental awareness, inculcating environment ethics and supporting environment management action • Improving institutional capacity/ capability to manage sustainable development
  • 36. We can help!? How to do it?
  • 39. What can we do as future engineers?
  • 40.
  • 41. 1. One_______ of the world’s population lives in urban slums or shanty towns. A. Percent B. Half C. Third D. Fourth
  • 42. 1. One_______ of the world’s population lives in urban slums or shanty towns. A. Percent B. Half C. Third D. Fourth
  • 44. 2. Deforestation causes between 16 and 25 percent of human-related greenhouse gas emission? A. True B. False
  • 45. 2. Deforestation causes between 16 and 25 percent of human-related greenhouse gas emission? A. True B. False
  • 47. 3. How many people in the world do not have access to clean drinking water? A. Less than 1 million. B. Between 3 and 4 million. C. Around 27 million. D. Over 1,000 million.
  • 48. 3. How many people in the world do not have access to clean drinking water? A. Less than 1 million. B. Between 3 and 4 million. C. Around 27 million. D. Over 1,000 million.
  • 49. Acess to Clean Water
  • 50. 4. The world population in 2011 reached 7 billion people. According to the UN, the world population in 2050 is estimated to be? A. 8.1 Billion B. 8.7 Billion C. 9.2 Billion D. 10.8 Billion
  • 51. 4. The world population in 2011 reached 7 billion people. According to the UN, the world population in 2050 is estimated to be? A. 8.1 Billion B. 8.7 Billion C. 9.2 Billion D. 10.8 Billion
  • 53. 5. Recycling one ton of paper saves? A. 3 trees B. 10 trees C. 13 trees D. 17 trees
  • 54. 5. Recycling one ton of paper saves? A. 3 trees B. 10 trees C. 13 trees D. 17 trees
  • 56. 6. How much energy is saved by recycling an aluminum can as opposed to creating a new one? A. 50% B. 75% C. 85% D. 95%
  • 57. 6. How much energy is saved by recycling an aluminum can as opposed to creating a new one? A. 50% B. 75% C. 85% D. 95%
  • 59. 7. Which of these light bulb types use the least amount of energy? A. Incandescent B. Halogen C. Compact Fluorescent
  • 60. 7. Which of these light bulb types use the least amount of energy? A. Incandescent B. Halogen C. Compact Fluorescent
  • 61. Light Bulb and Energy Saving
  • 62. 8. Each person creates about ___ kilograms of waste every day. A. 1 B. 1.5 C. 2.1 D. 3.3
  • 63. 8. Each person creates about ___ kilograms of waste every day. A. 1 B. 1.5 C. 2.1 D. 3.3
  • 64. Waste
  • 65. 9. Which country currently emits the most greenhouse gases? A. India B. United States C. China D. Russia
  • 66. 9. Which country currently emits the most greenhouse gases? A. India B. United States C. China D. Russia
  • 68. 10. How long does it take carbon dioxide to disperse in the atmosphere? A. 6 months B. 5 years C. 50 years D. 100 years
  • 69. 10. How long does it take carbon dioxide to disperse in the atmosphere? A. 6 months B. 5 years C. 50 years D. 100 years
  • 70. CO2
  • 71. Structural Changes • Avoiding the use of Environmentally Harmful raw materials, processes and products • Gradual substitution of Non-renewable resources with Renewable resources • Cleaner Technologies of Production • Recycle and Reuse Technologies • Biotechnological Applications of Renewable Resources
  • 72. • Resource Optimization • Improvement in Quality of Life • Corporate Social Responsibility • Mass awareness campaigns to involve People • Proper Evaluation of Options toward the sustainable development considering all aspects
  • 74. Thank you! Stay Green!