Pre hispanic


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Pre hispanic

  1. 1. Group Members:Balde, JonelCastillo, AraCruz, KarlLacson, FrancisMiraflor, JamelRegio, Revin Carlo
  2. 2. Topic: Pre-Hispanic EraTrade among the early Filipinos and with traders from the neighboring islands was conducted through barter. It was the chief means of trading.Barter- Exchange of goods without involving money.
  3. 3. Illustration of barter:
  4. 4. The inconvenience of barter later led to the use of some objects as medium of exchange.Gold- which was plentiful in many parts of the islands.
  5. 5. Piloncitos- small bead-liked gold bits considered by the local numismatists as the earliest coin of the ancient Filipinos, and gold barter rings.
  6. 6. The term piloncito comes from the word pilon, a local sugar container that resembles the coin.
  7. 7. Philippine Chinesemerchants vs. Merchants
  8. 8. At least 2000 years before the arrival of Spaniards, the Philippines is home to small seafaring communities. These communities traded with neighboring countries such as: Malaysia Vietnam ChinaTrading was done through barter.
  9. 9. Chinese Ming Dynasty: Ming- is one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history.Porcelain and metalware have been unearthed in various parts of the Philippines Unearthed- the means of recovering through digging.
  10. 10. A short history: Gold barter rings Ornaments and and Piloncitos beads
  11. 11. From gold barter rings and piloncitos, to ornaments and beads used by ancient Filipinos as medium of exchange during pre- Hispanic period, up to the present banknotes and coins. Some of the coins that circulated during the three centuries of Spanish rule are: Toston or four reales coins brought by Magellan and his men to the Philippines in 1521.
  12. 12. Toston or Four Reales Coins:Brought by Magellan:
  13. 13. Dos Mundos or Pillar Dollars:
  14. 14. The Fractional Coin:
  15. 15. Barilla in copper:
  16. 16. The portrait series coins:
  17. 17. An array of counterstamped coins with Ferdinand VII and Isabel II symbolized the authority of Spain over the Philippines. Ferdinand VII Isabel II
  18. 18. When Casa De Moneda De Manila began minting coins in 1861, the name “Filipinas” appeared for the first time on its coins.Casa De Moneda De Manila- was a branch of the United States Mint.
  19. 19. Young Alfonso XIII was the last Spanish monarch to grace the obverse of Philippine coins.The Spanish-Philippine peso coins bearing his bust, which were minted solely for use in the islands were last minted in 1877 and last circulated in 1904.
  20. 20. Young Alfonso XIII
  21. 21. The establishment of El Banco Espanol Filipino de Isabel II marked a significant chapter in the development of Philippine numismatics.It was the country’s first commercial bank and in 1852, it issued the pesos fuertes- the first banknotes used in the country.The bank is known today as the Bank of the Philippine Islands (BPI).
  22. 22. The Bank of the Philippine Islands (BPI)
  23. 23. In 1899- the 2-centavo copper coin was issued by the first Philippine Republic.In 1916- the Philippine National Bank (PNB) opened to the public.BPI and PNB notes circulated along with silver and treasury certificates issued by the US authorities in Manila.
  24. 24. In 1941- World War II broke out. The Japanese Imperial Army occupied the Philippines. Japanese Invasion Money (JIM) were issued by the government.The Filipinos then issued their own guerilla notes or resistance currencies, which were valid only in certain localities.
  25. 25. Guerilla notes
  26. 26. In 1946- Independence was finally attained.The same victory notes were issued to announce the establishment of the Central Bank with the words, “Central Bank of the Philippines (CBP)”.On January 3, 1949- CBP was established.In 1951- it began circulating its own currency of English Series notes promoted by Thomas De La Rue in England.
  27. 27. Thomas De La Rue
  28. 28. In 1967- the Pilipino Series notes were introduced.In 1978- the Security Plant Complex (SPC) with facilities for printing, minting, and gold refinery was established.
  29. 29. The first banknotes printed were the “Ang Bagong Lipunan Series (ABL)”.In 1985- “New Design Series” was printed.
  30. 30. Spanish Era