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The
Chesapeake
Bay-Friendly
Model Horse
Farm Project
Presented by
Nicole Slazinski
Prince William Soil & Water
Conservatio...
The need: Help horse “farms”
• Virginia Agricultural Best Management
Practices Cost-Share Program
• Funds are for traditio...
This project received funding from
the Virginia Water Quality
Improvement Fund provided by the
Virginia Department of Cons...
Oakwood Farm
• Privately owned horse farm in suburbia
• 4 horses on 4 acres of turnout
• Overgrazed
• Lacked comprehensive...
Field 1
Front Pastures
Field 2
Back
Pastures
• Pastures/Rotational Grazing
• Sacrifice Areas
• Stream Exclusion Fencing
• Water Troughs
• Manure Storage
Best Managemen...
Rotational Grazing
• More than one field of pasture
• Prevents grass from being overgrazed and dying
• Allows for regrowth...
Resting Ready to Graze
Severely over-grazed
Front Field VS Back Field
• Pasture Mix:
Orchardgrass,
Bluegrass,
Fescue, Clover,
Annual/Perennial
Rye
• No-Till Drill
• N...
Low-
Endophyte
Fescue
No-till Drill seeder (back)
Fencing Types
• Perimeter & Interior
–Perimeter defines outer
boundaries
•Usually permanent
–Interior defines individual g...
Painted
Fencing not painted (Front)
Permanent
Traditional Horse Fencing
Fencing painted (Back)
5-Strand High-Tensile With
Plastic Coating
Only Top and Middle Strands
are Hot (Perimeter)
Wood Board +
2-Strand Electrified Braid (Buffer)
Temporary 2-Strand Electrified Braid
w/ fiberglass posts (Back Pastures)
Temporary
3-Strand Electric Poly Tape
(Front Pasture)
• Pastures/Rotational Grazing
• Sacrifice Areas
• Stream Exclusion Fencing
• Water Troughs
• Manure Storage
Best Managemen...
What is a
Sacrifice Area?
• An area of land you are
giving up, or sacrificing,
from being used as
pasture
• Typically cons...
Sacrifice Area: Back
To Make a Sacrifice Area Work:
Stormwater Management
• Direct roof runoff and surface water away
from sacrifice area
– Gut...
Feeding Horses on a Sacrifice
Paddock
• You don’t want horses eating hay straight
off of the bluestone paddock, or they ma...
Feed Bucket
Great idea, but horses would pull the hay out of the bucket,
drop it on the ground, and then eat from the grou...
Hay Nets
Works great, but needs regular maintenance as the horses
can chew through the ropes
Alternative Hay Feeder
Bingo!
• Pastures/Rotational Grazing
• Sacrifice Areas
• Stream Exclusion Fencing
• Water Troughs
• Manure Storage
Best Managemen...
Buffers
• A buffer is vegetation that surrounds a waterway
• This vegetation absorbs nutrients before they reach
the water...
Buffers
Stream
25’ buffer
Nutrients
from
Manure
Buffer Fence
Buffer Before
Buffer After
(~8 months later)
Buffer After
(~1 year later)
• Pastures/Rotational Grazing
• Sacrifice Areas
• Stream Exclusion Fencing
• Water Troughs
• Manure Storage
Best Managemen...
Watering system on Model Farm
• Existing conditions
– very limited electricity
– existing well
– 1 frost free hydrant at b...
Bar-Bar-ABar-Bar-A in
3’ of snow
• Pastures/Rotational Grazing
• Sacrifice Areas
• Stream Exclusion Fencing
• Water Troughs
• Manure Storage
Best Managemen...
Horse manure generated in U.S. could fill
the Rose Bowl Stadium 22x each month –
add bedding and the volume doubles or
tri...
Stable Grid
Compost Fleece
Solar Panels
Bin 1 Bin 2 Bin 3
Before
and After
CATHARPINRD
SUDLEY RD
EXECUTIVE DR
¯ Legend
Pasture Acres
Sacrifice Paddock
Buffer
9 9 Fence - Perimeter
9 9 Fence - Buffe...
Back Pastures Before
Back Pastures
(~1.3 years later)
Before
Seeding and
Fertilizer
Jan. 6, 2008
Back Pastures
(~1.5 years later)
Back Pastures
(~2 years later, after Snowmageddon)
Front Pastures Before
Front Pastures After
(~1.5 years later)
Front Pastures Before
Front Pastures After
(~1 year later)
Back Sacrifice Paddock Before
Back Sacrifice Paddock After
Front Sacrifice Paddock Before
Front Sacrifice Paddock After
Buffer Before
Buffer After
(~10 months later)
Water Trough Before
Water Trough
After
Questions?
Partners
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District
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Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District

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The Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Horse Farm Project is a public/private partnership that has created a model horse farm for the purpose of identifying and sharing land management practices that benefit horsekeepers and the environment. This presentation by the Prince William Soil and Water Conservation District provides an overview of the project and lessons learned from on the ground conservation practices. To find out more, contact Nicole Ethier Slazinski, Conservation Specialist, at (571)379-7514 or nicoleethier@pwswcd.org

Published in: Environment
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Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm by Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District

  1. 1. The Chesapeake Bay-Friendly Model Horse Farm Project Presented by Nicole Slazinski Prince William Soil & Water Conservation District Graphic courtesy of the Chesapeake Bay Program
  2. 2. The need: Help horse “farms” • Virginia Agricultural Best Management Practices Cost-Share Program • Funds are for traditional, production agriculture (horse breeding farms and hay producers do qualify) • Need to address water quality and environmental concerns • Solution: Grant-funded project!
  3. 3. This project received funding from the Virginia Water Quality Improvement Fund provided by the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR), via grant number 2007-WQIF-19.
  4. 4. Oakwood Farm • Privately owned horse farm in suburbia • 4 horses on 4 acres of turnout • Overgrazed • Lacked comprehensive manure management • Muddy • Unprotected stream • Owner willing to learn and adopt new management strategies and open farm for education – Tours and education events arranged through our agency
  5. 5. Field 1 Front Pastures Field 2 Back Pastures
  6. 6. • Pastures/Rotational Grazing • Sacrifice Areas • Stream Exclusion Fencing • Water Troughs • Manure Storage Best Management Practices
  7. 7. Rotational Grazing • More than one field of pasture • Prevents grass from being overgrazed and dying • Allows for regrowth of grasses • Rotate to sacrifice area if all fields need to rest and regrow, or if it’s wet Rule of Thumb • If the majority of the grass in the field is less than 4” tall, take the horses off the field and let the field rest until the overall grasses are 6-12” tall.
  8. 8. Resting Ready to Graze
  9. 9. Severely over-grazed
  10. 10. Front Field VS Back Field • Pasture Mix: Orchardgrass, Bluegrass, Fescue, Clover, Annual/Perennial Rye • No-Till Drill • No Herbicides • Applied spring 2009 • “Low-endophyte” Select Fescue • Disking • Herbicides applied • Applied fall 2009
  11. 11. Low- Endophyte Fescue
  12. 12. No-till Drill seeder (back)
  13. 13. Fencing Types • Perimeter & Interior –Perimeter defines outer boundaries •Usually permanent –Interior defines individual grazing areas for rotational grazing •May be temporary or permanent
  14. 14. Painted Fencing not painted (Front) Permanent Traditional Horse Fencing Fencing painted (Back)
  15. 15. 5-Strand High-Tensile With Plastic Coating Only Top and Middle Strands are Hot (Perimeter)
  16. 16. Wood Board + 2-Strand Electrified Braid (Buffer)
  17. 17. Temporary 2-Strand Electrified Braid w/ fiberglass posts (Back Pastures)
  18. 18. Temporary 3-Strand Electric Poly Tape (Front Pasture)
  19. 19. • Pastures/Rotational Grazing • Sacrifice Areas • Stream Exclusion Fencing • Water Troughs • Manure Storage Best Management Practices
  20. 20. What is a Sacrifice Area? • An area of land you are giving up, or sacrificing, from being used as pasture • Typically consists of bluestone or stone dust • Can also be referred to as a “dry lot” or “hardened area.”
  21. 21. Sacrifice Area: Back
  22. 22. To Make a Sacrifice Area Work: Stormwater Management • Direct roof runoff and surface water away from sacrifice area – Gutters and downspouts – Downspouts connect to underground pipes that carry roof runoff to hayfield
  23. 23. Feeding Horses on a Sacrifice Paddock • You don’t want horses eating hay straight off of the bluestone paddock, or they may accidently digest some of the stones! • Solution: Alternative Hay Feeders! – Slows down grazing – Lengthens hay resources (need less hay) – Less hay waste
  24. 24. Feed Bucket Great idea, but horses would pull the hay out of the bucket, drop it on the ground, and then eat from the ground.
  25. 25. Hay Nets Works great, but needs regular maintenance as the horses can chew through the ropes
  26. 26. Alternative Hay Feeder Bingo!
  27. 27. • Pastures/Rotational Grazing • Sacrifice Areas • Stream Exclusion Fencing • Water Troughs • Manure Storage Best Management Practices
  28. 28. Buffers • A buffer is vegetation that surrounds a waterway • This vegetation absorbs nutrients before they reach the waterway, decreasing pollution • Pollution refers to an over abundance of nutrients from: – Horse manure – Erosion (Loose Soil) – Over-applying Fertilizer and/or Pesticides • Horses must be fenced out of the buffer for it to be effective
  29. 29. Buffers Stream 25’ buffer Nutrients from Manure Buffer Fence
  30. 30. Buffer Before
  31. 31. Buffer After (~8 months later)
  32. 32. Buffer After (~1 year later)
  33. 33. • Pastures/Rotational Grazing • Sacrifice Areas • Stream Exclusion Fencing • Water Troughs • Manure Storage Best Management Practices
  34. 34. Watering system on Model Farm • Existing conditions – very limited electricity – existing well – 1 frost free hydrant at barn – 2 bathtubs (used to provide water to horses) • The goal was on to plan to install frost free non-electric automatic troughs, • Trough locations planned with access from multiple fields. • 2 Bar-bar-a waterers installed.
  35. 35. Bar-Bar-ABar-Bar-A in 3’ of snow
  36. 36. • Pastures/Rotational Grazing • Sacrifice Areas • Stream Exclusion Fencing • Water Troughs • Manure Storage Best Management Practices
  37. 37. Horse manure generated in U.S. could fill the Rose Bowl Stadium 22x each month – add bedding and the volume doubles or triples
  38. 38. Stable Grid
  39. 39. Compost Fleece
  40. 40. Solar Panels
  41. 41. Bin 1 Bin 2 Bin 3
  42. 42. Before and After
  43. 43. CATHARPINRD SUDLEY RD EXECUTIVE DR ¯ Legend Pasture Acres Sacrifice Paddock Buffer 9 9 Fence - Perimeter 9 9 Fence - Buffer 9 9 Fence - Interior Water Trough Manure Storage Þ Gate Field 1 Front Pastures Field 2 Back Pastures
  44. 44. Back Pastures Before
  45. 45. Back Pastures (~1.3 years later)
  46. 46. Before Seeding and Fertilizer Jan. 6, 2008 Back Pastures (~1.5 years later)
  47. 47. Back Pastures (~2 years later, after Snowmageddon)
  48. 48. Front Pastures Before
  49. 49. Front Pastures After (~1.5 years later)
  50. 50. Front Pastures Before
  51. 51. Front Pastures After (~1 year later)
  52. 52. Back Sacrifice Paddock Before
  53. 53. Back Sacrifice Paddock After
  54. 54. Front Sacrifice Paddock Before
  55. 55. Front Sacrifice Paddock After
  56. 56. Buffer Before
  57. 57. Buffer After (~10 months later)
  58. 58. Water Trough Before
  59. 59. Water Trough After
  60. 60. Questions?
  61. 61. Partners

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