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Managing Your Forestland:
Common
Recommendations
Kyle D. Dingus
Area Forester
Virginia Department of Forestry
NOVA Work Ar...
Virginia Department of Forestry
• Services
• Technical assistance
• Prescribed burning
• Equipment rental
• Planting Coord...
Law Enforcement
1. Wildfire Laws
2. Water Quality Laws
3. Seed Tree Laws
NOVA Work Area
• Fauquier County
• Loudoun County
• Prince William County
• Fairfax County
• Arlington County
– Cities of ...
Understanding the forest
• What are the landowner’s objectives?
– How can I make this forest work for them?
• How did thes...
General Recommendations
• The big 8
• These relate to every property that has
forestland in the NOVA work area
• Designed ...
1. Have a management plan for your
property
• Based upon your
objectives
• How do you want the
forest to benefit you
• For...
You can lose income
opportunities
2. Control and monitor invasive
species
• Common Invasives for NOVA Work Area:
1. Tree-of-heaven
2. Autumn olive
3. Mile-a...
Preventing regeneration
Hindering layer development
3. Control Deer
• A MAJOR problem to
regenerating forest
• There are practically no
natural predators
• Assistance through...
Regenerating plants deer do not eat
The forest should NOT be park like
Deer and Invasive together
• Deer eat natives and give the edge to
invasives
• Deer have less food over time and suffer
• ...
They limit management
Failed Plantings Low regeneration
Solutions
Invasives
• Give growing space to
natives
• Prioritize work areas and
set goals
• Systematically work your
way t...
4. Have you boundary lines clearly
marked
• Protects you and others
• Use a licensed
surveyor
• Have them mark your
lines ...
5. Have a certified arborist
periodically check the trees around
your home
• Preventative
maintenance is typically
cheaper...
6. Monitor the forest
• There are more
options when you
catch disease or
insect pests early
• On the radar:
– Emerald Ash ...
7. Enhance the riparian
areas
• Allow trees to establish
along streams
minimum of 35’, but 50’
preferred
• Increases water...
8. Consider pines or warm season
grasses in open areas
Pines
• Quickest way to grow
timber
• Loblolly or shortleaf
• Cost ...
Do you really need to keep mowing?
A healthy forest:
• Has a diversity of NATIVE species
– Promotes resilience
• Has a variety of layers
– Over, mid, and und...
Healthy Forest Need
Management!
Questions
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Managing Your Forestland: Common Recommendations by Virginia Department of Forestry

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Managing Your Forestland: Common Recommendations by Virginia Department of Forestry

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Managing Your Forestland: Common Recommendations by Virginia Department of Forestry

  1. 1. Managing Your Forestland: Common Recommendations Kyle D. Dingus Area Forester Virginia Department of Forestry NOVA Work Area 675 Frost Avenue Warrenton, VA 20186
  2. 2. Virginia Department of Forestry • Services • Technical assistance • Prescribed burning • Equipment rental • Planting Coordination • Management Plans – Stewardship Plan – Stand Plan – Pre-Harvest Plan – Planting Plans – Land-Use Plans – DOF Cost Share Programs • Reforestation of Timberlands • Riparian Forest Buffer Tax Credit • Assistance with others – EQIP – CREP – CRP – Ag BMP – Others
  3. 3. Law Enforcement 1. Wildfire Laws 2. Water Quality Laws 3. Seed Tree Laws
  4. 4. NOVA Work Area • Fauquier County • Loudoun County • Prince William County • Fairfax County • Arlington County – Cities of Arlington/Alexandria • Culpeper County • Rappahannock County • Madison County
  5. 5. Understanding the forest • What are the landowner’s objectives? – How can I make this forest work for them? • How did these trees get here? • What is the land use history of the property? • What will be the future species composition? • Are there any health concerns present now?
  6. 6. General Recommendations • The big 8 • These relate to every property that has forestland in the NOVA work area • Designed to improve the health of the forest and protect the landowner • All are recommendations, NOT mandatory
  7. 7. 1. Have a management plan for your property • Based upon your objectives • How do you want the forest to benefit you • Forestry takes time – Management Rotations • Hardwoods 40-125 years • Pines: 20-50 years
  8. 8. You can lose income opportunities
  9. 9. 2. Control and monitor invasive species • Common Invasives for NOVA Work Area: 1. Tree-of-heaven 2. Autumn olive 3. Mile-a-minute 4. Japanese barberry 5. Japanese honeysuckle 6. Oriental bittersweet 7. Multiflora rose 8. English ivy 9. Garlic mustard 10. Royal paulonia 11. Wineberry
  10. 10. Preventing regeneration
  11. 11. Hindering layer development
  12. 12. 3. Control Deer • A MAJOR problem to regenerating forest • There are practically no natural predators • Assistance through VDGIF and local hunters – DMAP Program
  13. 13. Regenerating plants deer do not eat
  14. 14. The forest should NOT be park like
  15. 15. Deer and Invasive together • Deer eat natives and give the edge to invasives • Deer have less food over time and suffer • Native plants have to persevere against two formidable obstacles
  16. 16. They limit management Failed Plantings Low regeneration
  17. 17. Solutions Invasives • Give growing space to natives • Prioritize work areas and set goals • Systematically work your way through the forest • Repeat monitoring and control • Use integrated pest management and READ LABELS! Deer • Encourage harvesting of female deer • Encourage your neighbors to do the same • Extra meat can be donated to Hunters for the Hungry • There are a lot of people that need places to hunt
  18. 18. 4. Have you boundary lines clearly marked • Protects you and others • Use a licensed surveyor • Have them mark your lines not just your corners • Virginia Code § 55- 334.1
  19. 19. 5. Have a certified arborist periodically check the trees around your home • Preventative maintenance is typically cheaper than failure • www.goodtreecare.com – International Society of Arboriculture – American Society of Consulting Arborist
  20. 20. 6. Monitor the forest • There are more options when you catch disease or insect pests early • On the radar: – Emerald Ash Borer – Thousand Cankers Beetle – Jumping Oak Gall
  21. 21. 7. Enhance the riparian areas • Allow trees to establish along streams minimum of 35’, but 50’ preferred • Increases water quality • May be cost share for farmers
  22. 22. 8. Consider pines or warm season grasses in open areas Pines • Quickest way to grow timber • Loblolly or shortleaf • Cost share available through RT Warm Season Grasses • Not very common anymore • Can interplant with wildflowers • Will help quail and other bird populations multiply in the area
  23. 23. Do you really need to keep mowing?
  24. 24. A healthy forest: • Has a diversity of NATIVE species – Promotes resilience • Has a variety of layers – Over, mid, and under stories • Is something you benefit from every second of your life
  25. 25. Healthy Forest Need Management!
  26. 26. Questions

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