Conservation plan on the farm already….farming areas vs. unused areas. How it fits together. PMO plan: early successional wildlife, no ag. Ran cattle up until 2012. Three pronged approach: memorial site, demonstration site, scenic view
Combination of Federal and Private lands, all preserved. Part of a patchwork of forest and field (mostly grazed)….led to our focus on early successional habitat, not big enough to support species like quai or boblinks that require 100 plus acres of habitat. Drove our management plan.
Backyard Habitat by Celia Vuocolo, Piedmont Environmental Council
Understanding and Creating
C E L I A V U O C O L O
S U S T A I N A B L E H A B I T A T P R O G R A M A S S I S T A N T
P I E D M O N T E N V I R O N M E N T A L C O U N C I L
“For the first time in its history, gardening has taken
on a role that transcends the needs of the gardener.
Gardeners have become important players in the
management of our nation’s wildlife. It is now within
the power of individual gardeners to do something
that we all dream of doing: to make a difference.”
~Douglas Tallamy, Bringing Nature Home
Piedmont Environmental Council
Protecting Open Space in the Piedmont
• Land Conservation
• Conservation Easements
• Land Use
• Transportation solutions
• Community Planning
• Promoting Rural Economies and Ag
•Buy Fresh Buy Local guide
• Restoring Wildlife Habitat….
9 County region: Fauquier, Albemarle, Clarke, Loudoun,
Orange, Madison, Greene, Rappahannock, Culpeper
Sustainable Habitat Program
Site Visits* Outreach* Land Management* Watershed Projects* Conservation Partnering*
Pick an area of your property that:
needs the most help
You feel inspired to change
Invasive Plant Infestations
Areas of high ecological value
Reconnecting Habitat (grasslands, forest, corridors)
Providing Food Sources Year round
Example: the Black-capped Chickadee
Winter diet: 50% insect, 50% seed/berries
Summer diet: 80% insect (particularly caterpillars)
One pair brings 390-570 caterpillars per day to their young.
This is typical of many species:
60%-80% of a Hummingbird’s
diet is insects!
25% of a Red Fox’s diet is insects!
Certain songbird species, woodpeckers, squirrels,
owls, blue orchard mason bees, leaf cutter bees,
Bumble bees, some turtles, a few songbirds
(directly on the ground), snakes, some small
mammals, other native bees, insects.
Artificial Nesting Sites vs. Natural Structures
Applying the Concepts:
Landscaping for Pollinators
Honeybees vs. Native bees
Not native to U.S.
Suffering from CCD
Hives easily managed and transported
Some competition for floral resources with other
Heavily relied upon for crop pollination
Honeybees vs. Native bees
4000 different species (variety of sizes,
pollination techniques, floral preferences, life
Honeybees are transmitting mites and disease to
Some are more efficient crop pollinators than
Most are solitary
Nest in ground or tube-like structures
Only truly social native bee, but colony is seasonal.
“Buzz Pollination” required by some crops (tomatoes, peppers,
Can handle cooler temps:
Some of the earliest & latest bees: February- November!
Forage earlier and later in the day than honeybees
Bumblebees on average visit twice as many flowers per minute as
compared to honeybees.
Some plants rely on bumble bees for pollination
bumble bee pollinating bottle gentian
Mason Bees & Leaf Cutter Bees
Osmia spp. and Megachile spp.
Solitary bees- nest in tubes, reeds, dead branches
Osmia spp. are orchard pollinators. Osmia lignaria is the
only native bee managed for in agriculture.
Emerge in early spring, coincides with flowering peach and
apple trees AND eastern native trees.
Research has shown that Osmia is more efficient at
pollination than honeybees!
Pollinators are a big deal!
70% of all flowering plant species on the planet rely
on pollinators to reproduce
30% of foods and beverages are the direct result of
In 2010, insect pollination contributed $29 billion to
farm income in the U.S.
Pollinator Habitat Needs
Early Spring, Spring- Summer, Late Fall
Natives vs. Traditional Garden Plants
Clustering 3 or more of the same plant together
Blue, white, yellow flowers- but some have UV patterns!!
Selecting pollinator powerhouse plants (not just perennials!)