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What Will Be The Impact of Future Changes in Digital Scholarship on Marine Biodiversity?

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Presented at the International Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Aberdeen Scotland, Sept 30, 2011

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What Will Be The Impact of Future Changes in Digital Scholarship on Marine Biodiversity?

  1. 1. What Will Be The Impact of Future Changes in Digital Scholarship on Marine Biodiversity? Philip E. Bourne University of California San Diego [email_address] www.sdsc.edu/pb http://www.slideshare.net/pebourne
  2. 2. You are the ones to answer that question – not me. I am here simply to give you something to think about
  3. 3. My Perspective <ul><li>I am a domain scientist (computational molecular biology) </li></ul><ul><li>I co-founded and am EIC of one Public Library of Science (PLoS) open access journals </li></ul><ul><li>I co-founded a company, SciVee Inc., that is attempting to leverage the perceived changes in scholarly communication </li></ul><ul><li>I support a small academic scholarly communication group </li></ul>
  4. 4. Scholarly Communication Group <ul><li>Can we improve the way science is disseminated and comprehended? </li></ul><ul><li>Through openness can we increase the number of people interested in science? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why Do We Need Change? Here is a personal example from my own field
  6. 6. Josh Sommer – A Remarkable Young Man Co-founder & Executive Director the Chordoma Foundation http://sagecongress.org/Presentations/Sommer.pdf
  7. 7. Chordoma <ul><li>A rare form of brain cancer </li></ul><ul><li>No known drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment – surgical resection followed by intense radiation therapy </li></ul>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2b/Chordoma.JPG
  8. 8. http://sagecongress.org/Presentations/Sommer.pdf
  9. 9. http://sagecongress.org/Presentations/Sommer.pdf
  10. 10. http://sagecongress.org/Presentations/Sommer.pdf
  11. 11. Adapted: http://sagecongress.org/Presentations/Sommer.pdf Isaac If I have seen further it is only by standing on the shoulders of giants Isaac Newton From Josh’s point of view the climb up just takes too long > 15 years and > $850M to be more precise
  12. 12. http://sagecongress.org/Presentations/Sommer.pdf
  13. 13. http://sagecongress.org/Presentations/Sommer.pdf
  14. 14. http://fora.tv/2010/04/23/Sage_Commons_Josh_Sommer_Chordoma_Foundation
  15. 15. There Must Be Equally Compelling Examples from Your Own Field?
  16. 16. To Sum Up This and More… <ul><li>Formal science communication: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occurs too slowly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaches too few people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs too much </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignores the data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is very hard to reproduce </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is stuck in the era of the printing press – we need to move Beyond the PDF and use the power of the medium </li></ul>
  17. 17. Committed to making the world ’ s scientific and medical literature a public resource Open Access Can Begin to Address Some of These Issues
  18. 18. What is Open Access? <ul><li>A spectrum of things! </li></ul><ul><li>An author pays model </li></ul><ul><li>A different but apparently sustainable business model </li></ul><ul><li>Free, relatively fast, online access </li></ul><ul><li>Usage with less restrictions </li></ul>
  19. 19. Your Community is Already Engaged
  20. 20. A Couple of Examples of the Power of the Medium and What Your Community Can Do (apologies if it is being done already)
  21. 21. 1. Broaden Scientific Awareness <ul><li>Identify areas of Wikipedia that relate to the journal that are missing or stubs </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a Wikipedia page </li></ul><ul><li>Have a journal Topic Page Editor review the page </li></ul><ul><li>Publish the copy of record with associated rewards (CC-BY) </li></ul><ul><li>Release the living version into Wikipedia </li></ul>
  22. 22. 2. Focus on Data-Journal Integration <ul><li>User reads a paper (one view of the info) </li></ul><ul><li>Clicks on a figure which can be analyzed </li></ul><ul><li>Clicking the figure gives a composite database + journal view </li></ul><ul><li>This takes you to yet more papers or databases </li></ul>1. A link brings up figures from the paper 0. Full text of PLoS papers stored in a database 2. Clicking the paper figure retrieves data from the PDB which is analyzed 3. A composite view of journal and database content results 4. The composite view has links to pertinent blocks of literature text and back to the PDB 1. 2. 3. 4. The Knowledge and Data Cycle http://biolit.ucsd.edu
  23. 23. 3. Use the Open Literature Looking for Low Hanging Fruit Shared Function Immunology Literature Cardiac Disease Literature
  24. 24. 4. Accept Rich Media as Scholarship Products Application Product Primary Customers Journals PubCast Journals, publishers, societies Meetings PosterCast Societies, conference orgs. SlideCast Comm. PaperCast Societies, journals Podcast SlideCast Education PosterCast Societies, universities SlideCast Books BookCast Publishers, book sellers
  25. 25. Questions? [email_address]

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