Poptech - Collaboration


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Collaboration Presentation made at Poptech 2011 in Washington DC August 5, 2011

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Poptech - Collaboration

  1. 1. CollaborationPhilip E. Bourne UC San Diegopbourne@ucsd.edu<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />1<br />
  2. 2. What is Collaboration?<br />To me it is one of those nebulous things, like “reputation” and “scholarly output” that are important to a scientific career but hard to define<br />What follows are a few somewhat random thoughts and experiences around collaboration that we can use to seed a discussion<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />2<br />
  3. 3. There Are the Official Definitions…<br />collaboration  (kəˌlæbəˈreɪʃən) <br />  <br />— n  (often foll by on, with, etc ) <br />1. the act of working with another or others on a joint project <br />something created by working jointly with another or others<br />From the World English Dictionary<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Then There is This Definition …<br />collaboration<br />From 1860, noun of action from collaborate<br />In a bad sense, "tratorious cooperation with an occupying enemy," it is recorded from 1940; earliest references are to the Vichy Government of France.<br />Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper <br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />4<br />
  5. 5. I Like These Definitions Since They Express Both the Positive and Negative Aspects of Collaboration Which We Will Explore a Bit..<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />5<br />
  6. 6. The Mechanics: Ten Simple Rules for a Successful Collaboration<br />Select collaborations carefully<br />Set the ground rules before you start<br />Do what you said you would do<br />Be open and honest<br />Feel respect; get respect<br />Communicate, communicate, communicate<br />Protect yourself from souring<br />Always acknowledge and cite collaborators<br />Seek advice from those more experienced<br />Keep a good thing going<br />Vicens & Bourne PLoS Comp Biol2007 3(3) e44 <br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />6<br />
  7. 7. The Mechanics Are Important, but Somewhat Self EvidentCan Collaboration Take Us from Being Good to Great?The Average Scientist Would Seem to Think So Based on the Trends<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />7<br />
  8. 8. What Are the Global Trends Towards Collaboration?<br />Source www.vadlo.com<br /># active authors doubles every 17 years <br /># papers doubles every 22 years<br /># of co-authors per paper doubles every 33 years<br /># papers co-authored doubles every 63 years<br />Source Lars Jensen<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />8<br />
  9. 9. What Are the Individual Trends Towards Collaboration?<br /><ul><li> Both UC Professors IX
  10. 10. Approximate same number of papers, H-index
  11. 11. Different topologies</li></ul>Gerwick<br />Bourne<br /><ul><li>Gerwick more nodes (collaborators)
  12. 12. Both predominant edges; Bourne some thicker edges
  13. 13. Bourne “tripartite” authoring strong</li></ul>Source: http://pubnet.gersteinlab.org/<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />9<br />
  14. 14. Trends: Erdős Number<br />My number is 3 – True or False?<br />False:<br />Pictures do not match people I know<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erdős_number<br />Source: Microsoft Academic Search<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />10<br />
  15. 15. Trends: Lets Not Blame Microsoft – Others Are Not Better<br />http://www.researcherid.com/<br />http://www.scholar.google.com<br />http://www.biomedexperts.com<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />11<br />
  16. 16. Thoughts Thus Far?<br />We are increasingly obsessed with measuring ourselves?<br />Why? Advancement has come to demand it <br />We rely on qualitative metrics to measure a quantitative activity<br />Collaboration is at this time an implicit part of the metrics we use – will it ever become explicit? <br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />12<br />
  17. 17. Towards Quantification<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />13<br />
  18. 18. A Unique Identifier is Going to Happen <br />It is DOIs for people<br />Some scientists will resist<br />The winner is ORCID?<br />I an Not a Scientist I am a Number<br />PLoS Comp. Biol. 2008 4(12) e1000247<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />14<br />
  19. 19. With All Aspects of Our Scholarship Identified Opportunities for Collaboration Are Broadened<br />I an Not a Scientist I am a Number<br />PLoS Comp. Biol. 2008 4(12) e1000247<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />15<br />
  20. 20. With More Aspects of Scholarship Being Tagged, Collaborations Can Start in More Ways both Manual and Automated<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />16<br />
  21. 21. Ways Collaborations Start / Might Start<br />Proximity<br />Read my papers<br />Conferences<br />Known expertise<br />Shared infrastructure<br />Third party – students in particular<br />Shared ideas<br />Shared data<br />Shared protocols (including software)<br />ePosters<br />Other shared research objects<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />17<br />
  22. 22. eScience Facilitates Collaboration at all Stages of the Research Enterprise<br />Scientist<br />Collaborate<br />Idea<br />Experiment<br />Data<br />Conclusions<br />Publish<br />18<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />
  23. 23. Consider a Couple of Examples <br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />19<br />
  24. 24. The Protein Data Bank – Amazon Model<br />We know usage trends<br />If you looked at these two structures most likely you are interested in this one…<br />We don’t do this right now<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />20<br />
  25. 25. The Protein Data Bank<br />We allow structural annotations but we do not invite collaboration around these data objects<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />21<br />
  26. 26. There Are Other Types of Research Objects Through Which Providers Can Enable Collaboration <br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />22<br />
  27. 27. Posters, Slides, Journal Clubs<br />Products<br />ApplicationProductPrimary Customers<br />Journals PubCastJournals, publishers, societies<br />Meetings PosterCast Societies, conference orgs.<br />SlideCast<br />Comm. PaperCast Societies, journals<br />Podcast<br />SlideCast<br />Education PosterCast Societies, universities<br />SlideCast<br />BooksBookCast Publishers, book sellers<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />23<br />
  28. 28. Findings From Our Own Experiences<br />Collaboration is occurring within a community but not across communities<br />Will only happen if there is a recognizable reward<br />The tools to foster collaboration are not yet good enough but are evolving<br />Today serendipitous discovery does not happen across the literature let alone across other research objects<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />24<br />
  29. 29. Tools Start with Research Object Management and Accessibility<br />Taverna<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />25<br />
  30. 30. Changes in Why and How We Collaborate Will Depend Very Much on the Elephant in the Room<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />26<br />
  31. 31. "tratorious cooperation with an occupying enemy” <br />R01 grants were cut $300,000,000 for FY2008 despite a budget $1.5 billion higher than in FY2004<br />In the post-doublingera (FY2003-2008) the NIH budget increased by $2.8 billion, and only 3% of that increase was allocated to the R01 program<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />27<br />
  32. 32. "tratorious cooperation with an occupying enemy" <br />On the other hand ….<br />Glue grants seem to be going out of favor<br />CaBIG is a thing of the past<br />Go figure!<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />28<br />
  33. 33. Can Collaboration Take Us From Being Good To Great?<br />Yes - if we work with people smarter than us<br />Yes – if done judiciously<br />Yes – if we are all part of maximizing the use of our own research objects<br />Yes - if we learn to effectively utilize the increasing number of collaborative tools<br />Yes – if we use the right funding opportunities and the funding bodies are smart<br />PopTech Aug 5, 2011<br />29<br />