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The print industry1 (1)


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The print industry1 (1)

  1. 1. Task 7: The Print Industry
  2. 2. Hand
  3. 3. Etching Method  Etching is a form of intaglio printing, where an image is created by cutting or engraving into a surface ink is pushed into the cut lines  Traditionally a copper sheet is used, now days we use etching card which is able to be cut into with just a sharp pencil.  Then it gets pressed against paper which creates a print. Advantages Disadvantages Looks amazing Can be mass produced Takes a long time to do Can smudge
  4. 4. Linocut Method Linocut is a printmaking technique, a variant of woodcut in which a sheet of linoleum (sometimes mounted on a wooden block) is used for the relief surface. A design is cut into the linoleum surface with a sharp knife, V-shaped chisel or gouge, with the raised (uncarved) areas representing a reversal (mirror image) of the parts to show printed. The linoleum sheet is inked with a roller and then impressed onto paper or fabric. Looks good Can be massed produced Takes along time Can be smudged easily
  5. 5. Screen print Method Screen printing is a printing technique that uses a woven cloth to support an ink- blocking stencil to get the image you wanted Advantages Disadvantages Can be mass produced Looks good Can be done in colour Can smudge Takes a long time to do
  6. 6. Woodcut Method  A image is carved into a block of wood, with the parts to be printed remaining level with the surface. While the parts printing parts are removed. The areas to show white are cut away with a knife or chisel, leaving the image to show in black at the original level. Advantages Disadvantages Takes a long time Lots of effort is needed Can smudge Looks really good Can be mass produced
  7. 7. Lithography Method  Originally used an image drawn with oil, fat, or wax onto a smooth surface called a limestone plate. The stone was treated with a mixture of acid and gum Arabic. etching the portions of the stone which were not protected by the grease-based image. The etched areas retained the water. A oil based ink was then put on and would be repelled by the water, sticking to the first drawing only. Advantages Disadvantages
  8. 8. Gravure Method  In gravure printing, the image is made up of small holes in the surface of the printing plate. The holes are filled with ink and any extras removed. Paper comes into contact with the ink when it is pressed against the plate. Advantages Disadvantages Can be mass produced Looks good Can smudge Takes a long time
  9. 9. Screen Press Method Screen printing is a printing technique that uses a woven cloth to support an ink-blocking stencil to get the image wanted. The attached stencil forms open areas of cloth that transfer ink or other materials which can be pressed through the cloth as a sharp- edged image. Advantages Disadvantages The ink might smudge Cant correct or change it once its been done Easy to do Can be mass produced
  10. 10. Digital
  11. 11. Photocopying Method Most current photocopiers use a technology called xerography, a dry process that uses electrostatic charges on a light sensitive photoreceptor. To first attract and then transfer toner particles (a powder) onto paper as a image. Heat, pressure or a combination of both is then used to fuse the toner onto the paper. (Copiers can also use a ink jet, but xerography is normal for office copying.) Advantages Disadvantages Quick Easy to do Can be mass produced Complicated to fix if it breaks You have to have electricity
  12. 12. Laser Printing Method a laser beam goes over a charged drum to get a differentially charged image. The drum then selectively collects charged toner and transfers the image to paper, which is then heated to permanently keep the image. Advantages Disadvantages Cant smudge Quick and easy Image is there permanently If there's a mistake you have to start again Hard to fix if it breaks Has to have electricity
  13. 13. Ink Jet Method Inkjet printing is a type of computer printing that creates a digital image by putting droplets of ink onto paper, plastic, or other material. Advantages Disadvantages Can smudge Not as good a quality Needs electricity Easy to use Can be mass produced
  14. 14. Desktop Publishing Method Desktop publishing is the making of documents using a page layout skill on a personal computer. Desktop publishing software can generate layouts and produce typographic quality text and images. Advantages Disadvantages Needs electricity Cant take it anywhere Can be deleted easily by accident Can be mass produced Only people who you want can see it