What is “Constructivism?” Who created it? How could it be practically applied to the classroom? Constructivism & Me!
A personalized theory of how individuals see the world Subjective learning theory Roots in philosophy, psychology, and even cybernetics!
Constructivists believe that learning is assembled within the mind ◦ Imagine a complex building as your mind and your teacher as its architect =
Student-centered philosophy ◦ Teachers must adapt their methods in order to foster learning in their students Concrete experience is vital to the learning process Revolves around experiential learning Back to Menu
John Dewey ◦ American Philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer ◦ Believed schools and civil society needed reconstruction ◦ Founded the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools
Other Notable Constructivists ◦ Maria Montessori ◦ David A. Kolb ◦ Heinz von Foerster ◦ Paul Watzlawick Back To Menu
Responsibility for learning falls on the learner ◦ Since it is a subjective philosophy, it puts emphasis on the pursuits of individual learners Social and cultural background of learner ◦ Tend to shape the way students learn ◦ Individualizes each student
Motivation for Learning ◦ Students and teachers must work hand-in-hand to become motivated learners Students: Self-confidence and understanding of personal competence Teachers: Encouraging and assistive Back to Menu
Constructivism & My Teaching Philosophy ◦ Part of my teaching philosophy encompasses a value for the individual Through learning, the individual comes to value and appreciate his or herself Additionally, constructivism allows students to understand the importance of their community As a student begins to value his or herself, they also begin to value others “Teachers should pollute their students’ minds with humanity.” - Kurt Vonnegut
Utilization in the Classroom ◦ First component Students Must be prepared to invest in their schoolwork Have an understanding of personal competence Students must be reminded that they really do have the power to succeed
Utilization in the Classroom (Cont.) ◦ Second Component As a constructivist teacher, I must Be attentive to my students and their needs Be consistent in words of encouragement and affirmation Do everything in my power to capture and hold my students’ attention