Studying Society : Lecture 5


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These are the slides from my Studying Society course at Durham University’s Foundation Centre. This week are looking at different issues relating to gender and some different flavours of feminism.

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  • @chris anderson the group behind the gender pay gap report have as their aim 'promoting women’s leadership and closing global gender gaps. The programme strives to increase the participation of women in the Forum’s activities by ensuring their involvement as members in communities and inviting women leaders to be active contributors to the global dialogue.' (from their website) which is quite clearly a bias, but for feminists this is absolutely acceptable.

    the question is, what kind of feminsts are behind this report? (liberal/ radical/ marxist?)
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  • this you tube video looking at the gender gap they dont say if the researchers are a mix of men and women our just women our what level of bias may be in the study can we look at this more in depth
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  • ok - iposted on my fb wall and it works! Surprise, surprise! :)
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  • Shame - I can not hear you! :(
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  • Studying Society : Lecture 5

    1. 1. Gender and Feminisms
    2. 2. OutlineSocial construction of gender (and sex)Gender inequalityMultiple FeminismsCrisis of Masculinity ∂
    3. 3. Brainstorm genderstereotypesMasculineFeminine ∂
    4. 4. Gender InequalityWomen tend to be paid less, more likely to work part-time, lower status jobs ∂
    5. 5. Global Gender Gap Index• The index examines the gap between men and women in four fundamental categories (or sub indexes): • economic participation and opportunity, • educational attainment, • health and survival, ∂ • political empowerment.• 134 Countries assessed•
    6. 6. Liberal feminismNeither gender benefits from inequalityAims for gradual change ∂Equal opportunities (e.g. Equal Pay Act 1970)
    7. 7. Feminist critiques ofmalestream sociology1. Sociology has tended to only study men2. And extrapolate for whole population3. Areas of life of particular concern to women not studied (e.g. housework) ∂4. When included, women are studied in distorted way (e.g. female criminality)5. Sex and gender rarely seen as explanatory variables (focus on class)
    8. 8. Social Construction of GenderGender differences presented as natural, this is wrong.This is fairly contentious, evolutionary psychology/ sociobiology would disagree with this! ∂Even sex can be socially constructedGender role socialisation
    9. 9. Group ActivityIn three groups, discuss gender role socialisation acrossFamily,School ∂Media
    10. 10. Problems with gender rolesocialisation• Ignores other differences (ie class, ethnicity)• Assumes that there are clear gender roles • And assumes only two genders (transgenderism) ∂• Assumes women passively adopt their given roles• Does not explain the power differences
    11. 11. ∂BREAK
    12. 12. Sexual Division of Labour Masculine jobs Feminine jobs Public Private/ Domestic Paid Unpaid Physical ∂ Emotional Is this natural? Inevitable? Desirable?
    13. 13. Patriarchy and radicalfeministsPatriarchy is a society dominated and ruled by men. Family is key institution of oppression.Radical feminists want to overthrow patriarchy wide range of views on how to do∂ this, from androgyny to matriarchyProblems Patriarchy is descriptive rather than explanatory Focuses on negative aspects of male-female relationships Unnecessarily sees men as the enemy
    14. 14. Marxist FeminismCapitalism is principal source of women’s oppressionMainly through women’s unpaid labour production of new workers ∂Gender differences would be erased in communist societyBut this hasn’t happened
    15. 15. Crisis of MasculinityDecline of traditional male employmentDecline of male power and influence in society (+ rise of women’s)Underachievement in education ∂Medical technology, men aren’t even necessary any more
    16. 16. Group workIs there a crisis of masculinity?What might the following say about it: ∂Liberal feministsRadical feministsMarxist feminists
    17. 17. Are the sexes equal today? ∂