These are the slides from my Studying Society course at Durham University’s Foundation Centre. This weeks lecture was a revision of the content from the course, looked at through the example of sports.
What would the different strands of feminism think?Liberal feminism might perhaps focus on female integration within traditionally male dominated sports.Radical feminism might reject the masculine focus on competition altogether.Marxist feminists might look for female athletes as role models of economic and social independence?
Perhaps mention the role of sport in rehabilitation ? (boxing in the Wire?)
Lecture 10 sports revision
Sociology, Sport and Psychos?
Session aims• Revise sociology• Examine sport as a sociologicalphenomenon• Analyse sport using key theorists• Class, Media, Gender, Race and Crime
Sociology is…• The study of society, but…– Society changes– Many societies– Sociological theories change society• Hard to examine our own society– Critical stranger
What is Sociology?“Sociology is the systematic study of human groups and social life inmodern societies” (Browne 2005)“Sociology involves the systematic study of the character andpatterns of human interaction” (Cohen and Kennedy 2007)“Sociology is a martial art” (Bourdieu)
What is sport?• How many of these are a sport? Whicharen’t? Why?Darts BalletRugby RowingPoker FootballJavelin Beach volleyballSnooker KarateFormula 1 Table Tennis
So what about sport?• Sport is pointless• All human societieshave sport• Animals don’t play sport
Importance of sport• Yet very popular toplay and watch• Media obsession• Provides jobs• Links to national andregional pride
Some further questions• Why spend £750mn on a nationalstadium?• Why doesn’t everyone play the samesport?• Why is football big here, but not inIndia (for example)?
Sport and ClassWhich sports are associated with higher/lower classes?
Sport and Class• Role of sport in diverting working classattention• Increasing commercialisation of sport(Chelsea, Man U etc)• Who makes money from sport?
Group Activity• How might sport help in the reinforcingsocial class?– Economic capital– Social capital– Cultural capital
Sport and Functionalism• Focus on how sports help society sticktogether• Everyone playing same sports, gets thesame values– National sports• Watching and cheering same teamhelps society stick together– Mega-events London 2012
Group Activity• What values and norms are reinforcedthrough the London 2012 mediacoverage?– Who were the ‘stars’, what did theyrepresent?• Did social media support or hinder this?
Sport and Gender• Which sports are considered masculineor feminine?– Which are the most gender neutral sports?
Feminisms and sport• Why ‘male’ sports get more money andcoverage• How does sport make gender differencelook ‘natural’
Group activity• Will male and female athletes evercompete on a level playing field?– Same pay?– Same level of interest?– Same sports?• What would the different strands offeminism think?
Race, Ethnicity, Nationalityand Sport• Sport can enhance our ethnic/nationalidentity• But sport can also undermine theseidentities (KP, Zamora)• Sport can reinforce or undermine racialstereotypes
Group discussion• Does sport promote multiculturalism?– Multiculturalism – the belief that differentethnic and cultural groups can co-exist andrespect one another
Crime and Deviance• Fine line between being competitiveand cheating– Schumacher– New swimsuits (banned, but new recordsset)– Sledging
Sport and anomie• Anomie?• Can sport help reduce anomie?– How?• Sport and rehabilitation
Summary• Defined sociology• Examine sport using sociology• Class, Media, Gender, Ethnicity andCrime