Energy Revolution

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Energy Revolution

  1. 1. energy revolutionclimate change and our post-carbon future
  2. 2. energy revolutionclimate change and our post-carbon future
  3. 3. acknowledgements energy revolution climate change and our post-carbon future
  4. 4. transport revolutioncontents 44 - 45 Plug in to a better place 46 - 47 Low-carbon cars 48 - 49 Greener shades of transport 50 - 51Foreword - Rt. Hon. Ed Miliband 6 Cheap flights for ever? 52 - 53Introduction - Joseph Lacey, Editor 7 Alternatives to air travel 54 - 55Visions of a post-carbon future 8-9 one planet living 56 - 57 BedZED - a way forward 58 - 59Section 1: Energy revolutions in the home 60 - 61Problem: global warming 10 - 11 Post-carbon cities 62 - 63What’s going wrong? 12 - 13 Changing habits 64 - 65 Super green possibilities 66 - 67 Geo-engineering - a last resort? 68 - 69the warming world 14 - 15 Section 3:Degrees of Warming 16 - 17Runaway global warming 18 - 19 Action: making it happen 70 - 71 Post-carbon actors 72 - 73who suffers? 20 - 21 lawmakers and big business 74 - 75Who’s Responsible? 22 - 23 National governments 76 - 77‘Climate justice’ 24 - 25 Greening Business 78 - 79Section 2: Acting up: Community action 80 - 81Solution: a post-carbon future 26 - 27 Global community 82 - 83A new world by 2050 28 - 29 Practical youth action 84 - 85 Youth advocacy 86 - 87post-carbon power 30 - 31 Letters from 2050 88 - 89Our Solar Future 32 - 33 Curriculum links 90 - 91Harvesting the wind, tapping the heat 34 - 35 Jargon buster 92 - 93Go with the flow! 36 - 37 Futher reading 94Super smart distribution 38 - 39 Index 95Coal habits die hard 40 - 41 About Peace Child International 96The nuclear question 42 - 43
  5. 5. foreword introduction
  6. 6. visions of a post-carbon future A post-carbonIn our lifetimes, everything we know will change because our civilisation is built future meanson carbon fuels – oil, coal and gas which are a finite resource. They will run out. finding newAnd, if we burn them to the last drop, we will cause catastrophic climate change. means ofTo prevent this, our generation must build a post-carbon future independent transport,of carbon fuels. It will cost us about US$45 trillion dollars - about 1% of our learning to ignorelife-time’s global turn-over. We believe we must do it, not because we have to, advertising andbut mostly because a post-carbon world will be a great, clean, happy place to live! buying less. This would lead to less stress, more contact with people and nature, Africa’s Post- less loneliness. Also more freedom carbon Future to develop ideas, give the arts will be different more value, go back to what For me a because infra- really matters. If we get there – if In a post-carbon Post-Carbon Future structure costs are we defeat global warming! - it future, there would be a time prohibitive and would mean that human beings would be electric when no more oil incentives to go have acted together as one family cars around me, is drilled, no more green are nonexistent. Also, Africa as never before in History. That’s no smoke bursting coal is mined and has so many other challenges a future I want to live in. One out of exhaust no more gas is which, climate-wise, are mere where we see beyond differences pipes filling my piped in our planet. preludes to the looming threats of and are at peace with Nature and lungs with disgusting gases. It would mean a time when all tomorrow. The only way out is for ourselves. Bikes would swarm the roads, the remaining fossil fuels are only Africa is to elect transformationa l landscape and forests would be burned with 100 per cent Carbon leaders who will put in place a pristine and filled with wildlife. Capture & Storage technologies. green energy programme. But Eugenia Capalbo I’d like to live there ‘cos I’d feel In a Post-Carbon Future I see a then where will they come from? Argentina safe there. I would know there world where apart from energy, Perhaps the young people, who will be a world to live for and no fertilizers, no plastics, no drugs, constitute the majority of Africa’s that we could all plan our future no foodstuffs - nothing will be population. They are, already, an without having to worry about manufactured from fossil fuels. important force and partner in dangerous weather conditions. As President Obama promised ‘I the field of global interdepend- will create five million new jobs in ence. It follows, therefore, that the new green economy!’ - other youths are social actors who areLuke Cox politicians and leaders from capable of carrying out projectsUK around the world will follow his and programmes in the field of s leadership and within five decade sustainable development. These they will create 500 million gre en young people will eventually be jobs generating a global turnover the leaders in the effort to create of US$50 trillion. the Post-carbon future in Africa. Bremley W. B. Lyngdoh Esther Agbarakwe India Nigeria
  7. 7. section 1 problem: global warming
  8. 8. what’s going wrong? What then is causing the globe to warm?We’re used to hearing about global warming and climate change,but what exactly do they mean? Our research team spoke to FredPearce, environmental consultant for the international sciencemagazine New Scientist, to help get the record straight. What is global warming? Can we be sure that it’s happening? The greenhouse effect1979 2007 Could global warming not have some other cause than our greenhouse gas emissions?How does global warming relate to climate change? Why do we hear doubts about global warming issues?Has global warming really caused all of these extremeweather events? What do you think about global warming sceptics?
  9. 9. the warming world Parts per million Sources of manmade CO2 emissions Two degreesThe heat is on! We’re causing the globe to warm at an alarmingrate by burning coal, oil, and gas and cutting down our forestsas if there were no tomorrow. It’s dangerous! Global warming ofmore than 2°C could put all our tomorrows on the line. Ragamuffin nature, tink again All de people man dem, tink againGreenhouse Gases Before burning down de forest, tink again Before to cut the trees man, tink again Questions and activities Tink all da people or some o dem 1. Where does the electricity Once de forest will go that your home and school de desert will come again consumes comes from? Find out. Deforestation As de increase in de CO2 will make de 2. In ‘Ragamuffin nature, tink world hotter so making life some shorter again,’ what are the poet’s biggest concerns for the planet? Man me say tink again, tink about deFossil fuels desert de oxygen and the flower 3. Draw a picture to explain all the people me say loudly, tink again parts per million - the specks of carbon in the air.
  10. 10. Degrees of warmingIncreasingly severe climate catastrophes could be the definingfeature of our lifetimes. This is the least we can expect fromglobal warming if we keep up with our greenhouse gas emissions.Earth will survive, but will we? Warming this century Did you know? 1°C A hotter planet 2°C 3°C 4°C 5°C 6°C
  11. 11. Runaway global warmingOur CO2 emissions are not the only thing that could warm theplanet to 6°C. As we emit more CO2, temperatures continue torise and we get what scientists call ‘positive feedback.’ When thiskicks in, the rate of global warming rapidly speeds up.Arctic melting Did you know? Carbon soils Death of the Amazon Meet Daniel ometres of Located along 2,300 kil the Great Australia’s East coast, t amazing Barrier Reef is the mos . As an coral reef in the world Questions and activities upsetting to Australian, it would be victim of global see the reef become a 1. Explain the idea of positive er oceans and warming. With warm feedback and how they can l it could take is acidity levels rising, al contribute to global warming. rbon pollution Ocean acidification a few more years of ca 2. Which countries does the tem, depriving to wipe out this ecosys Amazon Rainforest run through? a home in it’s 1,500 species of fish of 3. Daniel worries about the Great colourful depths. Barrier Reef: what else could be lost in a globally warmed ocean?
  12. 12. who suffers? Thirsty lands Mass extinctionExtreme weather, food and water shortages, species loss arelikely to be a feature of all our lives. But, if we look deeper, wefind people and animals in the poorest countries will be affectedmost. And they are the ones least able to protect themselves.High tides Looming famine Meet Issac An extended period of drought is causing food shortage s in Kenya. Kitale, our bread bask et, has been hit more severely than ever. In 2004, 2006 and 2009, a sta te of emergency was declared as millio Questions and activities ns faced malnutrition or even sta rvation. Cattle 1. How do you feel when you read are dying from lack of water and the stories above? Shocked? grasslands. Thirsty ele phants have Angry? Helpless? Determined to been found desperately digging for do something? water in dried up river beds. Climate change is making Keny 2.What actions ,unrelated to a wait for rain. climate change, do you think has caused species extinction?
  13. 13. Who’s responsible? The amount of CO2 produced per capita each yearDangerous global warming is staring us in the face, yet globalcarbon emissions are skyrocketing. Who is responsible? – those Tonnes of CO2 per personwho suffer least from global warming. Those who suffer mostare the one’s with the lowest carbon emissions.Rising emissions World War III A war has been fought, between progress and preservation. We feed coal and oil to our mechanized foes. Killers we built, our tools, in our homes Among us, we trust them, they move unseen. Murder each one of us in our sleep. A resistance is rising, a new dawn to our night. A call to arms of a planet, a war cry for life. Worst affected, least responsible A world is being built on progress and preservationAsia booming Emissions per capita Population CO2 Emissions and projections from fossil fuels - in billion tonnes of carbon Questions and activities Did you know? 1. In what ways do you think population growth affects greenhouse emissions? 2. What does the poet of ‘World War III’ mean by progress and preservation? Is his poem positive or negative?
  14. 14. ‘Climate justice’To help us understand the concept of climate justice, our researchteam met with Eliot Whittington, policy adviser on climatechange for the international development charity, Christian Aid. Why is the Can both poverty and climate developing world change be addressed? particularly affected by climate change? Can you suggest a solution?Are people in developing nationsconcerned about climate change? What is the most realistic way of tackling climate change? What are the ‘obligations’? Do developing nations have the responsibility to curb their Did you know? emissions and population growth? Questions and activities 1. List what you think should be developing countries ‘Greenhouse Development Rights.’ 2. What could be causing 300,000 deaths linked to climate change’? How might they be saved?
  15. 15. section 2 solution: a post-carbon future
  16. 16. a new world by 2050 How are we going to do it?What is the post-carbon future? It is an Energy Revolution withsocial and economic consequences that will transform our world.We know what needs to be done; we know how to do it – and wehave to do it to save ourselves from catastrophic climate change.A new industrial revolution A post-carbon pie for 2050What needs to be done? How much? No need to wait
  17. 17. post-carbon power But how will the plant operate at night and on cloudy days? Ok, but how can the solar power generated in the Sahara Desert find its way to Europe? CSP seems like it can work So what’s holding the Desertec for EUMENA, but does it have concept back? worldwide potential?In just six hours, deserts lap up more energy from the sunthan humanity consumes in a whole year! But how to harnessit? A growing number of experts, investors and politicians arebeginning to believe that Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) is theanswer. Dr. Gerry Wolff from the Desertec Foundation gave ourresearch team the full story. What is the Desertec Foundation? Amazing, but is CSP contributing Questions and activities to our power supply today? What are the main technologies? 1. Other than clean electricity, what benefits could building CSP stations in the Middle East and North Africa bring to these areas? 2. You work for the Desertec Foundation: Make up a poster with slogans, images and key facts to get the Desetec concept across.
  18. 18. Our solar future Heating upConcentrating Solar Power (CSP) is just one way of harnessingthe sun’s energy. We have Photo-voltaic(PV) panels too! And thebest part is we can use solar PVs almost anywhere. Don’t forget,we also have solar water heaters, solar cookers, solar thin filmand - soon - solar paint. The possibilities are endless.Solar boom Did you know? Solar cookers Thin film Questions and activities 1. There are CSP and PV power plants. List what you think might be the advantages of each. 2. You are a town/city planner asked to make maximum use of solar thin film and solar water heaters in your town/city. Where would you decide to spread them?
  19. 19. Harvesting the wind, tapping the heatWind farms continue to dot the globe, leading the way tothe post-carbon future. Meanwhile, heat from the ground isincreasingly being exploited to supply zero-carbon electricity,indoor heating and hot water.Asian wind Did you know? Offshore wind Meet Katla Icelanders have been using Pumping heat geothermal heat for 1,2 00 years. We have always enjoyed ho t springs for bathing and relaxatio n. Nowadays, 20 per cent of our electr icity and 90 per cent of our indoor heating and hot water comes from geothermal sources. If all the geot hermal sites were exploited on our small volcanic island, it would probab ly be enough to satisfy the electricity demand of the entire Northern Hemisp here. Questions and activities 1. What might be the advantages and disadvantages of onshore and offshore wind energy. Would you Earth heat object to a wind farm being built near your home? Why/why not? 2. Write a letter to the people of Cornwall in the UK, explaining the advantages of getting geothermal electricity.
  20. 20. Go with the flow! Ocean technologyOur rivers and oceans never stop moving which make them an Did you know?incredible source of renewable energy. Rivers have generatedpower for centuries – sometimes controversially. Oceans andtides are energy giants, waiting to be harnessed.River power Hydro impact Tidal turbines Pelamis Small and micro hydro Barrage power Questions and activities 1. A hydroelectric dam is proposed for a nearby river. Write a letter to a local politician, explaining why you are for or against the project. 2. Explain the difference between harnessing the power of tides and harnessing the power of waves.
  21. 21. Super smart distribution Smart electricityExisting AC electricity grids allow you to transmit electricity400-500km. Ultra- high voltage DC grids allow you to transmitten times that as far. Also, a new kind of internet will create supersmart grids that turns your country into a virtual power station.Super-grid to the rescue Linking up Super smartEUMENA Super-grid Did you know? Questions and activities 1. Why does Fred Pearce think the super-grid is the missing-link for renewable energy? 2. Make a poster that explains the idea of a super-smart grid and what it would contribute to the post-carbon future.
  22. 22. Coal habits die hard Coal in the holeCoal is the dirtiest fossil fuel. It generates 40 per cent of the Did you know?world’s electricity - much more in some countries where its useis an economic imperative. Could carbon capture and storage(CCS) help us use coal safely or should we leave it underground? Big coal consumersCountryElectricityfrom Coal Meet DavidWhat is carbon capture andstorage (CCS)? I am one of many campaigning like against coal-fired power stations, in CARBON CAPTURE AND the one proposed for Kingsnorth the UK. Pumping billions of dollars STORAGE DEBATE into CCS technology will draw e investment away from renewabl energy, which is the only long-term ally solution because coal will eventu run out. While CCS is an unproven e to technology, we are going to hav eredSupport for CCS imagine a society that is not pow by coal, and work towards it. Questions and activities 1. Think of one more argument for each side of the debate. 2. Write a letter to your local politician, explaining why they Did you know? should or shouldn’t support CCS as part of our energy future. 3. Why do you think countries continue burning coal, in spite of its damage to the environment? 4. Do you agree with David FOR AGAINST Cullen’s point of view? Write a response.
  23. 23. The nuclear question Pro-nuclearRadioactive dumping scandals, the Chernobyl nuclear disaster,links to nuclear weapons programmes in Iran and North Korea –all of this has given nuclear power a bad reputation. But it is alow-carbon way of generating electricity. Should it be a part of Fast-breedersour post-carbon future? Opinion is hotly divided.Anti-nuclear Debate for the planet Some love it, it will save us from global warming Others hate it, fearing radioactive waste O sublime blue planet, what do you think of it all? You who are the centre of the debate You who offer us glorious treasures, without shadow or toxic cloud Questions and activities Did you know? 1. Think of one more argument that each side could make. 2. Why do you think Germany is shutting down its nuclear power programme when other nations are eager to expand on theirs? 3. Write a poem, expressing your views about nuclear power.
  24. 24. transport revolution Did you know? Biofuels Low-carbon electricityWhat will be the fuels of the future, powering our cars, planes,ships and trains? Hydrogen, biofuels and electricity are the key,low-carbon contenders to replace oil. And we need to act fast:dangerous climate change is upon us and oil could be quicklyrunning out.Peak oil Hydrogen Questions and activities 1. Why is peak oil an important issue? If oil began to run out today, what would be the consequences for your area and Algae the world at large? 2. Make a poster to raise awareness about the different fuels that we could use to power the post-carbon transport system.
  25. 25. Plug in to a better place How battery charging stations workCould electric cars be the choice for a post-carbon future?Entrepreneur, Shai Agassi, thinks so. He’s on a mission to endour addiction to oil with a plug, a battery and a robotic arm.Starting early Did you know? Battery problem Electricity versus hydrogen Smart driving Better solution Questions and activities 1. What do you see as the key breakthroughs in Shai Agassi’s Worldwide ambition plan for introducing electric cars? 2. What could prevent the global introduction of Better Place electric car networks?
  26. 26. Low-carbon carsThe age of the private car is far from over. But the age of thelow-carbon car is just beginning. Shai Agassi may be pushingelectric vehicles, but its not the only way of cutting CO2emissions and oil consumption. What are the other options?Two problems with hydrogen A hydrogen future? Biofuel cars Fuel efficiency An alternative model Questions and activities 1. How do you think fuel efficiency Did you know? could have a positive impact on global warming and peak oil? 2. Other than produing less CO2, what do you see as the benefits of low-carbon cars? 3. Would it be a good thing for the world to have two billion cars by 2050? Think of the advantages and advantages.
  27. 27. Greener modes of transport Meet SantiagoMillions of people around the world, one to each car, head to On moving to Barcelona, I discovwork every day and then head home again. Traffic jams, stress ered ‘Bicing’ - a cheap system that alloand massive CO2 emissions are the end result. New improved ws you to borrow one of 5,600 bikespublic transport systems must be a big part of the solution. from 375 stations located across the city , just by swiping your member’s carRoom for improvement d. You can then ride to your destinati on and drop it off at another station , where somebody else can pick it up. It’s healthy, it saves time and it’s environmentally friendly. Perfect urban transport! Low-carbon transportIntegrated transport Greener trains Hydrogen bus Questions and activities 1. Do you agree with the congestion charge, to make driving less attractive? What Hybrid vehicles other measures could be taken? 2. Note every journey you and your family make by car in a week. Which journeys could have been made in a low-carbon way?
  28. 28. Cheap flights for ever?Flying for cheap seems great, but air travel is the fastest-growing source of carbon emissions. The airlines are workinghard on fuel efficiency, alternative fuels and emissions tradingto cut their carbon output, but can they do enough in time? Jet streams Hydrogen for aviation? Which biofuel?Using less fuel Too little, too late? Questions and activities Paying for pollution 1. Give 3 reason why you think air travel is expected to double by 2025? What would be the pros and cons of more air travel? 2. Is it a good idea to make planes pay for their emissions?
  29. 29. Alternatives to air travelWe are constantly being made to feel guilty about wanting tofly to distant parts of our world. But what are the alternatives?Well – already there are several, and, in our post-carbon future,there may be many more.From sky to land Flying free Going somewhere new Where the sea sparkles blue Back to the sky Where trees are greener, beaches cleaner I love to fly! Beneath the ground But far away... Hurricanes, heatwaves, rising sea, flash floods For a while, denial Not my fault... Or is it my responsibility? My jolly jaunts partly to blame? So I quit my holiday habit Did you know? That was killing the planet Airships versus ships and planes It’s trains and buses for me In a new kind of life Where I’m flying freeTo sea Questions and activities Not there yet 1. Do you agree or disagree about anything the poet says? Write your own poem in response. 2. Do you think airships will ever compete with planes, ships and trains? Why/why not?
  30. 30. one planet living Principle One Planet Living (OPL)Zero-carbon housing, renewable energy, public transport, – howdoes it all fit in the big picture of a post-carbon future? OnePlanet Living tries to bring together all the elements of ourpost-carbon future in a single overall vision of sustainability.Just one planet A one planet life America, Asia, Africa, Australia and Europe too, We can either save our planet or live as we do We must recycle, reduce and reuse We must cut down on fossil fuels We must learn to take less, so we can give, Give more to others so they can live
  31. 31. BedZED - a way forwardDeveloped by eco-charity, Bioregional, BedZed is a communityjust outside London dedicated to the principles of One PlanetLiving. Bioregional co-founder, Sue Riddlestone, gave ourresearch team a tour of BedZED and answered our questions. Why the name How does BedZED reduce BedZED? individual emissions from transport? And what about emissions from consumer goods and food? Does BedZED contribute to the So we can expect to see moreDoes BedZED address the well-being of residents? eco-communities?environmental impact of housingconstruction and maintenance? What are BedZED’s stratagies to reduce water consumption and deal with household waste? To what extent has BedZED Questions and activities achieved One Planet Living? 1. Would you like to live in a post-carbon community? CO2 emissions of average European resident 2. How would you make BedZed a better post-carbon community? 3. How do you think you could apply One Planet Living to your own life?
  32. 32. Energy revolutions in the home Pearl RiverOur homes and other buildings are energy guzzlers They requireheating and electricity for inefficient machines and gadgets, givingthem unacceptably high CO2 emissions. Energy efficiency bringstheir power consumption down to One Planet Living standard School of tomorrowEnergy guzzlers Did you know? Empire efficient The Road to Energy Efficiency Questions and activities 1. Do a survey and find out what kind of bulbs your family, friends and school are using. How many are low-energy and how many are incandescent? 2. You are at a design meeting: explain the ways you are going to make your new building the most eco-friendly building in the world.
  33. 33. Post-carbon cities Greening today’s citiesCan everyone enjoy a One Planet life-style? With half the worldpeople now living in cities, we have to learn how. The new Gulfcity of Masdar shows the way: it’s the world’s first post-carboncity built from scratch. Other cities will need major re-buildingto get close to Masdar’s standard of zero-carbon sustainability.Green city in the desert Getting around Masdar Did you know? Power houses Water and waste Low-carbon travel Quality of life Questions and activities 1. You are an architect asked to design your own version of Masdar. Sketch out a street plan, highlighting the main features. 2. What strategies would you use to make the London Olympics ‘the greenest games yet’?
  34. 34. Changing habits Potential CO2 savings you can makeBy becoming environmentally conscious consumers, we can allmove towards One Planet Living and make huge reductions inour CO2 emissions wherever we live. Here are some ideas on howyou can help with the transition to the post-carbon future.Clothes-swap Meet Joao meat Europeans consume 100 kilos of f. each year, one fifth of which is bee Cows belch out the greenhouse gas methane and as global demand for beef grows, forests are being g destroyed to make way for raisin 8 cattle - especially in Brazil. And the 1 kilo kilos of grain it takes to produce ple. of beef could be used to feed peo n For these reasons, I’m a vegetaria and believe that eating less meat must be part of our future. The carbon cost of meatCarbon-friendly Food Questions and activities 1. What else can you do to reduce E-reading your carbon footprint and live a more sustainable life? 2. What do you think of Joao’s Pre-cycling reasons for being a vegetarian? Do you agree that eating less meat should be a part of the future?
  35. 35. Super green possibilitiesImagine a world of boundless zero-carbon energy, where thereis no such thing as waste and urban centres reconnect with foodand nature. Sound like a post-carbon pipe dream? Well, work isunderway to make these ideals a reality in the 21st Century.Nuclear fusion Vertical farming Did you know? Solar space Cradle to cradle Questions and activities 1. How do you react to the ideas of building fusion reactors and solar panels in space by means of a space elevator? 2. Why do you think societies have’t yet adopted the cradle to cradle model of recycling? 3. Are Vertical Farms a realistic idea? What advantages and disadvantages can you see?
  36. 36. Geo-engineering - a last resort? Artificial treesGeo-engineering means planet-wide re-building of, and thusinterference with, the Earth’s climate system. Unless we quicklybuild the post-carbon future and send our CO2 emissions intosteep decline, experts believe that we won’t be able to stop Risky businessdangerous global warming without it. What would that look like?Reflecting the sun Ocean fertilisation Earth engineering O to be a tree-maker, a super- science-hero, shadowing the Earth, playing with clouds Spreading SO2 Nature creates us Do we dare control nature? Reflecting clouds Solar mirrors If I was World President… and the Arctic was collapsing… Biochar plantation would I accept the dare? Did you know? Artificial trees Questions and activities 1. Should we begin with geo-engineering projects now or should it be our very last resort in Ocean tackling global warming? fertilisation 2. You are an investor, convincedBiochar that geo-engineering must play a role in climate change: Which geo-engineering strategy/ strategies would you invest in?
  37. 37. section 3 action: making it happen
  38. 38. post-carbon actorsWe’ve seen the post-carbon solutions. Now, we need to figureout who is going make it all happen? Think about a pyramid offour groups of actors, with lawmakers at the top, big business The lawmakersand local government in the middle, and individual citizens -YOU and ME! - at the bottom. In the pages that follow, we willlook at how each group of actors is working, and planning, tobuild our post-carbon future. Big business Local actors YOU and ME
  39. 39. $Lawmakers and big business $ What the World needs What the World Needs is - $ To take action on climate change To set targets and pass laws To invest in renewables To reduce energy consumption To make us pay for pollution! What the World Needs is - Adaptation Fund Environmental Security Council $ $ To wake up! We only have one planet And we cannot replace it, once it is gone. Putting a price on Carbon $The stop light turns red – you stop. It turns green – you go. That’sthe law. We drive on the right ( - or left in the UK) – we pay ourtaxes. That’s the law – and if we disobey the law, cars crash, $ $people are killed. Society falls apart. It’s the same for climatechange. If we are to stop catastrophic climate change, we muststart with Laws - Global, Regional, National and Local Laws.Kyoto protocol Beyond Kyoto: Copenhagen Questions and activities $$ REDD 1. Why do you think governments might be reluctant to sign up to UN $ climate Treaties? What pressures do they face? 2. Is carbon offsetting a good idea? $
  40. 40. $National governments $In the absence of an Environmental Security Council or binding UNlaw, National Governments must police climate change and regulatethe Energy Revolution. Some nations are ahead of the game, pledgingcarbon neutrality, while the big polluters are cleaning up their act..Carbon neutrality China $ $ $ Costa Rica $ USA UK low-carbon transition plan $ $ Meet Hamza My home country, the Maldives, is a group of coral islands in the Indian Questions and activities Ocean in danger of sin king under rising sea levels. Our Pr 1. What would be the key esident, Mohamed Nasheed, an strategies to make your country nounced in Big emitters are on board 2009 that we would be the first to go carbon neutral? come the European Union world’s first carbon ne 2. What are your reactions utral nation by 2019. I echo his messa to Hamza’s quote from the ge to the world: $ Please don’t be stupi$ d…if the world President of the Maldives?can’t save countries lik e the Maldives 3. Why do you think China istoday, we won’t be ab le to save places $like London or New Yo becoming a bigger polluter, while rk tomorrow. at the same time becoming a world leader in renewables? $
  41. 41. $Greening business $Big business has driven all major industrial revolutions – cars,aviation, computers. The Energy Revolution is no exception. Lookat the chart: investment in Clean Energy has more than tripled infour years! 86% of that investment has come from big business soinevitably, it has a huge role in building our post-carbon future.Turning tides $ Did you know? Who’s afraid of a post-carbon future? $ $ Global investment in clean energy, 2004-2008 (billion US$) $ Investment in clean energy by sector Vestas in 2008 (billion US$)The Carbon Trading business $ Investment in clean energy by $ $ Questions and activities 1. You are President of an oil company: what would make you$ region in 2008 invest in post-carbon products (billion US$) instead of oil? $ 2. Why is it significant that renewable investment beat fossil fuel investment in 2008? $
  42. 42. Acting Up COMMUNITY ACTION SOLAR CITYCommunities, whether big cities or small villages, can take the lead away from national governmentsand big business through their own initiatives. Working together at grassroots level, we can turn ourcommunities into post-carbon models of sustainability. Here’s a small sample of what’s being done.TRANSITION TOWNS RECYCLING FOR JAPAN [Get with the transition, visit www.transitiontowns.org]KITENGELA GLASS COMMUNITY LET ’S DO IT
  43. 43. GLOBAL COMMUNITYPlaying a part in our local community, we must not forget that we are also members of a wider,global community. Different organizations have played an important role in encouraging peoplefrom around the world to unite as a global community and speak up for the future of our planet.Here are just a few exciting global initiativesWORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY[It’s never too early prepare for World Environment Day, visit www.unep.org]EARTH HOUR 350.ORG[Locate WWF in your region and find out more: www.wwf.org] [Visit www.350.org to get involved in future events]BILLIONS OF TREES PASSPORT[www.unep.org/billiontreecampaign] [To become a P@ssport holder, visit www.panda.org]
  44. 44. PRACTICAL YOUTH ACTION ENVIROCYCLEThe youth of today will be the ones to live through this century’s climate change, so what action arethey taking to tackle the crisis? They are, inventing, planting, carrotmobbing, recycling and snappingtheir way into a post-carbon future.E-WASTE PLANT-FOR-THE-PLANETCARROTMOBBING YOUTH SNAPS
  45. 45. YOUTH ADVOCACY INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CAMPSYoung people are on the front lines in the fight against climate change. They are getting angry, loudand active, raising public awareness and forcing politicians to hear their concerns. And they’re doingit in very imaginative ways.CONFERENCE OF YOUTH [Visit www.climatecamp.org.uk] CONVERGENCE[To find out more, visit www.ukycc.org]CLIMATE SOLUTIONS ROAD TRIP [see www.youthclimatecoalition.blogspot.com] KIDS ON STRIKE[Read more about the trip at: www.indiaclimatesolutions.com] POWER SHIFT Kids On Strike [The script, songs, scores and backing tracks are all available at: www.peacechild.org.] [To find out more, visit www.ukycc.org]

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