Nasal Fractures


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Nasal Fractures

  1. 1. Natasha Bevington Year 11 Mr Zakris Nasal Injuries
  2. 2. The nature of Nasal Injuries <ul><li>Nose injuries often occur during many activities, or even simple day to day activities but home treatment can help symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal injuries refer to the injuries of bone, soft tissue or cartilage in the nose. </li></ul><ul><li>Nose fractures are the most common facial injuries sustained in sport. </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to the cartilage, bone, or soft tissues in the nose. Nose fractures are the most common facial injuries sustained in sport. Although they are not normally dangerous, they can he disfiguring and athletes should seek medical advice. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What types of Nasal Injuries are there? <ul><li>Bleeding nose </li></ul><ul><li>Fractured nose </li></ul><ul><li>Obstructing airways </li></ul>
  4. 4. What are nosebleeds? <ul><li>Nose bleeds are a rupture of tiny vessels inside the nostrils. </li></ul><ul><li>The blood vessels on the septum which is the firm tissue which divides the nose can break very easily. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What kinds of nosebleeds are there? <ul><li>There are two types of nosebleeds: </li></ul><ul><li>Anterior nosebleeds and posterior nosebleeds </li></ul><ul><li>Anterior nosebleeds: (the front of the nose.) Anterior nosebleeds are the most common types of nosebleeds. They make up more than 90% of all nosebleeds They are very easily care for and the bleeding usually comes from a blood vessel at the very front part of the nose. </li></ul><ul><li>Posterior nosebleeds: (the back of the nose.) Posterior nosebleeds involve massive bleeding backwards into the mouth or the throat. They are very serious and need medical attention. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What causes nosebleeds? <ul><li>Nose bleeds may be caused by direct trauma or spontaneously. </li></ul><ul><li>Nose injury </li></ul><ul><li>Broken nose </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal infection </li></ul><ul><li>Nose picking </li></ul><ul><li>Cold dry air </li></ul><ul><li>Cocaine </li></ul><ul><li>Head injury </li></ul><ul><li>Deviated septum (when the partition between your nose is crooked), foreign objects in the nose, or other nasal obstruction may also cause nosebleeds. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What are the signs and symptoms of a nosebleed? <ul><li>The site of blood coming from the nose or if the victim tastes blood in the back of their throat. </li></ul>
  8. 8. First aid- Management of nose bleeds <ul><li>The Royal Lifesaving Society Australia says... </li></ul><ul><li>Ask permission to approach the victim and help them, and if no danger surrounds and permission is granted conduct a primary survey. </li></ul><ul><li>Get the victim to firmly squeeze their nose just below the bony part at the base. </li></ul><ul><li>Position the victim to sit with their head upright and leaning forward. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Ask the victim to breathe through their mouth and not swallow any blood. If they swallow too much blood it may cause vomiting or nausea. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical aid is needed if the bleeding is not controlled after 10 minutes of pressure being applied. </li></ul><ul><li>If the bleeding has been controlled tell the victim to refrain from blowing their nose. If after a while, they still need to blow their nose tell them to blow it gently. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Nasal fracture <ul><li>How do you break your nose? </li></ul><ul><li>Noses can break in many different ways, for example in sports, accidents or falls. However, it is very hard to actually tell if your nose is broken as swelling can give the impression that your nose is broken because it may appear crooked, a person must wait a few days for the swelling to go down before they can truly see if their nose is broken or not. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What are the signs and symptoms of a nasal fracture? <ul><li>Nose pain </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling of the nose </li></ul><ul><li>Nosebleed </li></ul><ul><li>Bruising around the nose and the eyes </li></ul><ul><li>The nose is bent </li></ul><ul><li>A grating feeling when the nose is touched </li></ul><ul><li>Blocked nasal passages </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal airway obstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal deformity </li></ul>
  12. 12. First aid- management <ul><li>Conduct a primary survey and only approach the victim if safe to do so and permission is granted. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important concern in treatment is to ensure that the airway is open and breathing is not restricted. Then control any bleeding. </li></ul><ul><li>Place ice on the nose for approximately 15 minutes at a time and then remove the ice, and repeat this process throughout the day. The ice reduces pain and swelling. It is important that ice is not directly applied to the skin and the head is kept elevated. </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine may be used to reduce the pain such as acetaminophen (Tylenol or Panadol) it is important to not take anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen for 48 hours after the nose injury. </li></ul><ul><li>Seek medical attention </li></ul>
  13. 13. What does a nasal fracture look like?
  14. 14. Medical treatment for a nasal fracture <ul><li>Doctors may treat a simple fracture by straightening the brooked bone or cartilage or by using a splint. </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery may also be needed to treat more complicated fractures. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Foreign bodies in the nasal cavity <ul><li>As well as providing the sense of smell, the nose is also part of the airway. Foreign bodies may become inserted into the nose, most commonly by children. </li></ul>
  16. 16. First aid-management of foreign bodies lodged in the naval cavity <ul><li>Firstly look inside the nose and ask why there is something lodged in there. </li></ul><ul><li>Removal may be difficult and should be left to the doctor in case further damage is caused. </li></ul><ul><li>However, if the foreign object is in the lower part of the nose and the child is old enough to understand instructions then instruct the child to blow through their mouth and out their nose. </li></ul><ul><li>However, if this is ineffective then seek medical attention. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Bibliography <ul><li>Nose injuries information- Sports sciences and medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of bleeding nose </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of Nasal Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal Fractures, medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal fracture picture- healthopedia </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal fracture- what to do? </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Australian Lifesaving Society First Aid- John Lippmann and David Natoli 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Nosebleeds- Parenting and Child Health, health topics </li></ul><ul><li>Nosebleeds causes and symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Nosebleeds </li></ul>