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Burns

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Student presentation for PDHPE class.

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Burns

  1. 1. K A T H R Y N E L S T O N . PDHPE Assessment Task 4 First Aid – BURNS
  2. 2. Nature of the medical condition or injury <ul><li>There are three different levels of burns, they vary due to the amount of damage caused they include, first degree, second degree and third degree burns. </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to the epidermis is caused by a first degree burn, the result of this is swelling, pain, redness, however first degree burns normally heal without scarring. Sunburn is a common type of this burn. </li></ul><ul><li>A second degree burn results in damage to the dermis as well as the epidermis, it has the same symptoms as a first degree burn however it can result in blistering. </li></ul><ul><li>When damage reaches past the upper layers of skin to the sensitive subcutaneous tissue, destroys nerves and blood vessels, this is called a third degree burn. These burns are very serious and can be fatal, due to infection. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Different types of burns <ul><li>Different burns include: </li></ul><ul><li>Flame and scald burns </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalation </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical and Lightening burns </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical burns. </li></ul>
  4. 4. DEGREES OF BURNS
  5. 5. Signs and symptoms associated with burns <ul><li>Burns cause severe pain, can produce blisters, swelling, redness and peeling skin. Burns can result in headaches or fevers. </li></ul><ul><li>Serious burns can lead to the casualty being in shock, which causes symptoms of rapid pulse , clammy skin, blue lips or fingernails, feeling weak or faint, having respiratory difficulties or infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Severe burn can also lead to serious psychological trauma if a person is deformed in any way. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Apply current primary management techniques for each listed injury or condition. <ul><li>Remove the casualty from danger, put out any fire or remove corrosive material. </li></ul><ul><li>Check DRABCD. </li></ul><ul><li>If the burns are serious immediately call 000 </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that only the affected areas are cooled for up to 20 minutes with cold water, no ice, oils, or lotions are to be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove any excess clothing or jewellery etc. do not remove clothing that is stuck to the skin, if it is a serious burn. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover any burnt areas with sterile dressings. </li></ul><ul><li>Elevate serious burnt limbs. </li></ul><ul><li>If the burn is severe the person may be at risk of post traumatic shock, the person must be wrapped up to prevent this from occurring. </li></ul><ul><li>Depression is often a consequent of serious burns, if a person suffers severe burns they should be screened for depression before they leave hospital. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Bibliography <ul><li>Books: </li></ul><ul><li>The authorised manual of The St. John Ambulance Association in Australia and The Australian Red Cross Society, SECOND EDITION (1980) published by St. Johns Ambulance Association. </li></ul><ul><li>First Aid John Lippmann and David Natoli (2007) published by Submariner Publications P/L </li></ul><ul><li>Websites: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Atoz/common/standard/transform.jsp?requestURI=/healthatoz/Atoz/ency/burns.jsp </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jan.wvu.edu/media/BurnInj.html </li></ul>

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