Abdominal Injuries

3,942 views

Published on

Student presentation for PDHPE class.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,942
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
11
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
145
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Abdominal Injuries

  1. 1. Abdominal injuries By Thomas Hamilton
  2. 2. The nature of the medical condition or injury. <ul><li>Abdominal injuries refer to injuries that occur in the mid to lower torso from roughly the sternum to the centre of the pelvic bone they can vary in things such as: </li></ul><ul><li>-Bruising </li></ul><ul><li>-lacerations and incisions </li></ul><ul><li>- avulsions </li></ul><ul><li>-puncture wounds </li></ul><ul><li>-embedded objects </li></ul><ul><li>-burns </li></ul>Abdominal area
  3. 3. Primary Management Techniques. <ul><li>When first arriving to any one of these accidents you should. </li></ul><ul><li>D: DANGER Assess the situation and ensure safety of yourself, the bystanders and patient </li></ul><ul><li>R: RESPONSE Check the casualty's response: C an you hear me ? O pen your eyes W hat's your name. S queeze my hand </li></ul><ul><li>A: AIRWAY Turn Casualty on side and clear Airway . Caution if suspected spinal injury. </li></ul><ul><li>B: BREATHING Open mouth, tilt head back, extend jaw and listen for breathing. if not breathing commence mouth to mouth 5 breaths in 10 seconds. </li></ul><ul><li>C: CIRCULATION commence CPR 2 breaths, 30 compressions 20 seconds then recovered place in recovery position and call ambulance. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>A bruise is a discolored mark of the body usually purple or yellow colored they are caused from blunt forced trauma and are able to be obtained from things such as a punch or being hit with a hard object. </li></ul><ul><li>Signs </li></ul><ul><li>-Discoloration of skin </li></ul><ul><li>-slight swelling </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>-pain in injured area </li></ul><ul><li>- throbbing </li></ul>BRUISING First asses DRABC then continue to -Primary management technique this includes an ice pack on the injured area for 20 min then off for 2hrs for next 24-48 hours depending on how server the bruise is. Note internal bleeding may have occurred so it patient is complaining of soreness and pain deeper underneath skin call an ambulance.
  5. 5. lacerations <ul><li>lacerations are cuts that are caused by being sliced by sharp objects, lacerations have ragged edges on the cut. they can be caused by being cut with a knife glass or sharp edges on metal. </li></ul>abdominal lacerations <ul><li>Signs </li></ul><ul><li>- open wound with ragged edges may look like a cut, tear, or gash. </li></ul><ul><li>-blood </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>-pain </li></ul><ul><li>-numbness around the wound </li></ul>First asses DRABC then if possible use gloves or similar to protect hands then apply direct pressure to wound site and squeeze edges together if possible lye person down into comfortable position and get them to elevate arm above heart apply pad over wound and secure with dressing such as bandage. Reassure them and keep still monitor of victims vital signs. Make sure : the person does not move :if bleeding continues add another pad and bandage. :you supply supplemental oxygen if possible :seek medical attention if required
  6. 6. Incisions are cuts with smooth edges they can be caused by being cut with a knife glass or sharp edges on metal. INCISIONS ABDOMINAL INCISIONS <ul><li>Signs </li></ul><ul><li>- open wound with straight edges on the cut </li></ul><ul><li>- blood </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>- numbness around injured area </li></ul><ul><li>- pain around injured area </li></ul>First asses DRABC then if possible use gloves or similar to protect hands then apply direct pressure to wound site and squeeze edges together if possible lye person down into comfortable position and get them to elevate arm above heart apply pad over wound and secure with dressing such as bandage. Reassure them and keep still monitor of victims vital signs. Make sure : the person does not move :if bleeding continues add another pad and bandage. :you supply supplemental oxygen if possible :seek medical attention if required
  7. 7. <ul><li>This is when the skin is cut and a flap or a part of skin has been partially or fully removed or a chunk of skin has been removed </li></ul><ul><li>Signs </li></ul><ul><li>-part of skin missing or a flap of skin over a wound </li></ul><ul><li>-blood and swelling </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>-nauseous </li></ul><ul><li>-pain around injured area. </li></ul>Avulsions First asses DRABC then if possible use gloves or similar to protect hands then apply direct pressure to wound site and squeeze edges together if possible lye person down into comfortable position and get them to elevate arm above heart apply pad over wound and secure with dressing such as bandage. Reassure them and keep still monitor of victims vital signs. Make sure : the person does not move :if bleeding continues add another pad and bandage. :you supply supplemental oxygen if possible :seek medical attention if required
  8. 8. <ul><li>This is when a sharp or object with a point has penetrated the skin. E.g. when someone has been stabbed </li></ul>Puncture wound <ul><li>Signs </li></ul><ul><li>-blood/bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>-bruising </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>-pain </li></ul><ul><li>- dizziness/ feeling light headed </li></ul>First asses DRABC then if possible use gloves or similar to protect hands then apply direct pressure to wound site and squeeze edges together if possible lye person down into comfortable position and get them to elevate arm above heart apply pad over wound and secure with dressing such as bandage. Reassure them and keep still monitor of victims vital signs. Make sure : the person does not move :if bleeding continues add another pad and bandage. :you supply supplemental oxygen if possible :seek medical attention if required As this is a puncture wound external bleeding may be minimal but internal organs may be injured so there may be infection so medical attention should happen
  9. 9. Embedded objects <ul><li>Signs </li></ul><ul><li>-object protruding from the wound </li></ul><ul><li>-blood and redness in and around the wound </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>-sharp pain </li></ul><ul><li>- dizziness/ feeling light headed </li></ul>Assess DRABC then move on to primary management technique by applying pressure to wound then lye person down if possible and elevate injury apply ring bandage and dress around wound without touching embedded object reassure patient and seek medical advice. <ul><li>This is when a wound has a object still stuck in it. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>. </li></ul>Avulsions BURNS A burn is made from something hot . There are many different types of burns they usually range from 1st degree to 3rd degree they can be made from this such as the sun or fire. <ul><li>Signs </li></ul><ul><li>-blisters </li></ul><ul><li>-redness </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>-extreme pain </li></ul><ul><li>-stinging/ burning feeling </li></ul>First asses primary survey DRABC then d then cool the effected area only with cold flowing water for 20min. Remove all jewellrey from area but don’t peel of adherent clothing, elevate burn and cover with sterile lint free dressing supply oxygen if possible. if needed call an ambulance
  11. 11. Other abdominal problems include. <ul><li>Indigestion </li></ul><ul><li>Period pain </li></ul><ul><li>Food poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>Hernia </li></ul><ul><li>Constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Gastroenteritis </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney stones. </li></ul>Signs -vomiting -bulge of swelling (hernia) Symptoms -feeling bloated or wind -pain comes and goes Assess DRABC and then if patient is in mild discomfort place in comfortable position usually with knees bent towards chess . A hot water bottle to sore area may help if pain goes for more than 30min or server patient should be medically assisted, if pain comes back or hernia an ambulance should be called. Hiatal hernia Kidney stones
  12. 12. BOOKS: -J Lippmann, D Natoli (2006) FIRST AID Royal Life Saving Society Of Australia. INTERNET -Trauma.org care of the injured (2008) featured images (online) www.trauma.org retrieved 20/8/2008 -ostomy wound management (no date) wound care topics (online) www.o-wm.com retrieved 20/8/2008 -Nsw institute of trauma and injury management(2008) 2_Stab_wounds.jpg (online) http:// www.itim.nsw.gov.au/index.cfm retrieved 22/08/2008 About.com: first aid (2008) hoe to treat an avulsion (online) http://firstaid.about.com/od/softtissueinjuries/ht/07_avulsion.htm retrieved 22/08/2008 -health square (no date) puncture wound (online) http://www.healthsquare.com/mc/fgmc0736.htm retrieved 23/08/2008 -medical online (1997 ) All Situations - D.R.A.B.C. Emergency Response (online) http://www.medicalonline.com.au/medical/first_aid/all_situations.htm retrieved 23/08/2008 BIBLIOGRAPHY

×