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Civil Procedure Leg 10390f


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Civil Procedure Leg 10390f

  1. 1. CIVIL PROCEDURE LEG 10390F The Indiana Trial Rules Civil procedure Leg 10390f Indiana Trial Rules Ivy Tech Community College Region 6 Muncie, Indiana Instructor: Phillip R. Dawalt
  2. 2. Rule two <ul><li>There is only one form of Action, A “civil” Action. </li></ul><ul><li>A civil action is independent of any public action (criminal action.) </li></ul><ul><li>A civil action can be brought in spite of or in addition to any public action, (criminal action.) </li></ul>
  3. 4. Rule Three <ul><li>Commencement of an Action: </li></ul><ul><li>A Civil Action is commenced by filing with the court a “complaint or equivalent pleading or document as specified by statute.” </li></ul><ul><li>A filing fee is required unless waived by the court. </li></ul><ul><li>A summons must also accompany the complaint in number specified by the clerk. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Rule 3.1 Appearance <ul><li>Initiating party must file an appearance which sets forth the name and address of the initiating party and attorney including email address if any. </li></ul><ul><li>The type of case must be specified. </li></ul><ul><li>A statement regarding fax service. </li></ul><ul><li>In domestic relations, the names of any children should be set forth. (no full SSN) </li></ul><ul><li>Any related cases must be specified. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Rule 3.1 Responding or Intervening Parties <ul><li>Every responding party (defendant) or intervening party shall also prepare and file an appearance in the same manner set forth above. </li></ul><ul><li>A Standard form will be available from the clerk’s office. </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary appearance should be filed if an attorney is only temporarily representing a party, but such reason shall be specified in the appearance. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Appearance form Initiating party <ul><li>APPEARANCE FORM ( CIVIL ) </li></ul><ul><li>Initiating Party </li></ul><ul><li>Case Number:__________________________________ ( File Stamp) </li></ul><ul><li>( To be supplied by Clerk at the time of filing ) </li></ul><ul><li>/ / Check if Pro. Se. Note: This form is not required for pro se protective orders. </li></ul><ul><li>1.______________________________________________ 2.______________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Name of first initiating party Telephone of pro se initiating party </li></ul><ul><li>( Supply names of additional parties on continuation page.) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Attorney information ( as applicable for service of process ): </li></ul><ul><li>Name______________________________________ Atty Number:____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Address_____________________________________Telephone:______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>____________________________________________FAX:___________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>____________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>( Supply information for additional attorneys on continuation page. ) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Case Type requested:______________________________5. Will accept FAX service: Yes____ No____ </li></ul><ul><li>[ See Administrative Rule 8 (b) (3)] </li></ul><ul><li>6. Social Security numbers of all family members in proceedings involving support issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Name:________________________________________SS#___________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Name:________________________________________SS#___________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Name:________________________________________SS#___________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Name:________________________________________SS#___________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>( Supply social security numbers for additional persons on continuation page.) </li></ul><ul><li>7. Are there related cases? Yes____ No ____ If yes, list case and number below: </li></ul><ul><li>Caption:____________________________________ Case Number ___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Caption:____________________________________ Case Number ___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>( Supply information for additional related cases on continuation page. ) </li></ul><ul><li>8. Additional information required by state or local rule:____________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul>
  7. 8. Rule 4 Process <ul><li>Jurisdiction over persons: the court acquires jurisdiction over the person of a party when they are properly served by summons or enters an appearance. </li></ul><ul><li>Along with a complaint the initiating party must prepare a summons in sufficient copies and furnish these to the clerk for service on adverse parties. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Form of summons in civil cases: <ul><li>SUMMONS </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________ THE STATE OF INDIANA </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________ DELAWARE COUNTY CIRCUIT COURT NO._____ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________ Muncie, Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>Plaintiff </li></ul><ul><li>VS. Cause No.__________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Defendant </li></ul><ul><li>To Defendant ________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>You have been sued by the person (s) named “Plaintiff” in the Court stated above for _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>_________________________________________________________________________________________. </li></ul><ul><li>The nature of the suit against you is stated in the complaint which is attached to this document. It also </li></ul><ul><li>states the demand which the Plaintiff has made and wants from you. ¹ </li></ul><ul><li>You must answer the Complaint in writing, by you or your attorney, within twenty (20) ² days </li></ul><ul><li>commencing the day after you receive this summons, or a judgment will be entered against you for what the </li></ul><ul><li>plaintiff has demanded. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have a claim for relief against the Plaintiff arising from the same transaction or occurrence, you </li></ul><ul><li>must assert it in your written answer. </li></ul><ul><li>The following manner of service of summons is hereby designated: _____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Date: _________________ __________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Clerk of the Delaware County Circuit Court No. ___ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Attorney for Plaintiff </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Address </li></ul><ul><li>________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone </li></ul><ul><li>1. If the complaint is not attached, a copy is available for you in the Office of the Clerk of said Court. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Or, if the summons is served by registered or certified mail, within twenty-three (23) days. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Manner of Service: <ul><li>There are three basic types of service: </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Service including personal service and copy service. Copy service requires leaving one copy at the last known address and mailing a copy by regular US Mail. </li></ul><ul><li>Certified mail service </li></ul><ul><li>Service by Publication, only after all other means is exhausted and by affidavit that the last known address of the Defendant is unknown. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Rule 4.2 Service on infants or incompetents <ul><li>If a person is known to be a minor or infant than the service must made upon the next of kin or guardian. </li></ul><ul><li>If a person is known to be an incompetent then service should be had upon the guardian appointed by the court or such other person as the hospital where the person is confined. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Duty to Inform the Court <ul><li>Every Party has a duty to inform the court of information that the adverse party is incompetent or a minor child. </li></ul><ul><li>Rule 4.4 actions taking place in this state or having effect in this state. </li></ul><ul><li>If a nonresident commits an act in this state or commits and act which takes effect within this state submits to the jurisdiction of the courts of this state (Long Arm Statute) </li></ul>
  12. 13. Rule 4.4b Manner of Service <ul><li>Service may had on non residents in the same manner as with state residents and </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, if no other means is available, by service on the secretary of the State of Indiana. </li></ul><ul><li>Out of State residents may request the court to transfer the case to a court of more convenient forum. (Federal Court?) </li></ul><ul><li>Or out of state residents may argue that the case should be dismissed as being improperly filed in the wrong state. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Rule 4.9 In rem actions <ul><li>An in rem action is when the Plaintiff is only interested in the property of a defendant. A good example is a person who files bankruptcy. </li></ul><ul><li>Although the person who filed bankruptcy cannot be sued, the real estate he owns can be sued in an “in rem” action. </li></ul><ul><li>Service is had as with any other case upon anyone who may be interested in the “res,” or land. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Rule 4.12 Service by Sheriff or others <ul><li>The Sheriff or any officer of the court may serve any papers or documents in any case. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition a person may be designated by the court as a qualified person to serve papers. </li></ul><ul><li>In large cities, private “process servers” are often authorized to serve documents because the sheriff is too busy doing other things. </li></ul><ul><li>In cases with a private process server, the plaintiff is responsible to pay the additional costs of service by the process server. </li></ul>
  15. 17. Rule 6 Time <ul><li>Calculating Time: </li></ul><ul><li>Never start on the day the event first happened. </li></ul><ul><li>For example if a person is served with a summons on the 1 st and they have 23 days to respond, start counting on the second. </li></ul><ul><li>Never count Saturday, Sunday or holidays as the last day. </li></ul><ul><li>So if the 23 rd day is Sunday then the Defendant has until the end of business Monday. </li></ul>
  16. 19. Diary the event on the calendar: SMITH DEFAULT JONES V. 30 29 28 27 26 25 X 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 X Sat Fri Thu Wed Tues Mon Sun
  17. 20. Rule 6B Enlargement of time <ul><li>The Court may upon good cause shown extend the time for any act to be performed. </li></ul><ul><li>However, generally, the request or motion must be filed before the act is due to be done. </li></ul><ul><li>Service of other pleadings shall be completed within twenty days after the original motion is filed unless otherwise ordered. </li></ul><ul><li>Divorces must be pending for over sixty days before a final hearing can be held. </li></ul>
  18. 21. Rule 7 Pleadings and Motions <ul><li>Pleadings include a complaint, and answer, a counterclaim and reply. </li></ul><ul><li>A cross claim and answer, a third party complaint and answer, </li></ul><ul><li>Motions are applications to the court for written orders. </li></ul><ul><li>Demurrers are abolished. </li></ul>
  19. 22. Rule 8 General Rules of Pleading: <ul><li>A claim for relief must include a short plain statement of the claim and a demand for relief, but no dollar amount shall be specified. </li></ul><ul><li>An answer shall likewise be plain and direct, general denials may be averred as well as specific denials. </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative defenses shall be required with specificity. </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to deny a pleading is deemed an admission. </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of pleadings shall be in such manner as to do substantial justice. </li></ul>
  20. 23. Rule 9 Pleading Special matters: <ul><li>Capacity shall be assumed unless otherwise pled. </li></ul><ul><li>Fraud, mistake mental condition must be specifically pled </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions precedent, an act which must occur before another act is required, must be specifically pled. </li></ul><ul><li>Special damages such as lost wages shall be specifically stated by amount: “Plaintiff lost $600.00 in wages due to the car accident.” </li></ul><ul><li>Written instruments should be copied and attached to a pleading. </li></ul><ul><li>Exceptions for infants or incompetents: if a party is an infant or incompetent or is deceased the requirements to admit or deny a written instrument is not applicable. </li></ul>
  21. 24. Rule 10: Form of Pleading: <ul><li>Captions shall include the names of all parties. Subsequent pleadings may include on the first named person of the Plaintiffs and Defendants where there are multiple parties to the lawsuit. </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraphs shall be numbered and include a single set of circumstances. </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption by reference later parts of pleadings may refer back to earlier paragraphs “as if fully rewritten.” </li></ul><ul><li>Every pleading or motion shall be signed by an attorney for the parties if an attorney represents the party in addition the address, bar number and telephone number of the attorney will be included. </li></ul>