What Is Canonization?


Published on

A description of the process of canonization

Published in: Spiritual
1 Comment
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

What Is Canonization?

  1. 1. The Process of Canonization Mr. Pablo Cuadra Religion Class
  2. 2. What is Canonization? <ul><li>1. Canonization is a process used by the Church to determine whether a person is worthy of being declared a saint . </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Servant of God (candidate for Sainthood) <ul><li>Someone considered to have lived a holy life </li></ul><ul><li>The process begins five years after a person’s death. (sooner with permission of the Pope). </li></ul><ul><li>In the 10 th Century the process was established by Pope John XV </li></ul>
  4. 4. How does the process of Canonization begin? <ul><li>1.The process begins at diocesan level . </li></ul><ul><li>2. A person or a group people approach their bishop (ordinary) and suggest a candidate for sainthood . A petition is made to open the cause for this person’s canonization. </li></ul><ul><li>The candidate is given the title servant of God , while his or her cause is being investigated. </li></ul><ul><li>3. A committee creates a report on the candidate. </li></ul><ul><li>4.The report is sent to the Congregation for the causes of saints in Rome. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What does the Congregation do with the report? <ul><li>1. The congregation researches the life of the candidate to make sure he or she practiced heroic virtue . </li></ul><ul><li>2. The congregation for the causes of saints is made up of theologians and cardinals . </li></ul>
  6. 6. What happens after the congregation finish its report? <ul><li>1. The report is sent to the Pope . </li></ul><ul><li>2. If he accepts the report the servant of God is termed Venerable . </li></ul><ul><li>3. This is the first step. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What happens during the second process of canonization? <ul><li>A postulator (promoter) of the cause is authorized to examine the person’s </li></ul><ul><li>Life </li></ul><ul><li>Writings </li></ul><ul><li>Reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Miracles </li></ul><ul><li>*A miracle is required for </li></ul><ul><li>the process to continue to the </li></ul><ul><li>next step known as </li></ul><ul><li>Beatification . </li></ul>
  8. 8. What happens after a first miracle has been verified? <ul><li>The venerable candidate is then beatified by the Pope and given the title Blessed . </li></ul><ul><li>The Blessed person can now be venerated by a group or region. </li></ul><ul><li>Beatification does not have a universal character like canonization . </li></ul><ul><li>The requirement of a miracle is not necessary in the case of martyrs. </li></ul><ul><li>A second miracle is required for the process to continue to the next step known as Canonization . </li></ul>
  9. 9. How is the process concluded? <ul><li>With a solemn (great) declaration by the pope that the candidate is a saint (holy). </li></ul><ul><li>This declaration requires one more verified miracle. </li></ul><ul><li>Canonization has a universal character. </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy person can be venerated by the universal Church. </li></ul><ul><li>This declaration does not make a person a saint, the person is already a saint as a result of heroic virtue and cooperation with God’s grace. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Canonization Process (in a nutshell) <ul><li>First Step </li></ul><ul><li>A petition is made to open a cause for canonization for a servant of God. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Second Step </li></ul><ul><li>The servant of God is declared “Venerable” </li></ul><ul><li>3. Third Step </li></ul><ul><li>Beatification </li></ul><ul><li>*One miracle is required </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth Step </li></ul><ul><li>Canonization </li></ul><ul><li>*Second miracle is required </li></ul><ul><li>The Blessed is declared a saint in a solemn, public mass at the Vatican by the Pope. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Prayer of St. Francis <ul><li>Lord, make me an instrument of your peace, Where there is hatred, let me sow love; where there is injury, pardon; where there is doubt, faith; where there is despair, hope; where there is darkness, light; where there is sadness, joy; O Divine Master, grant that I may not so much seek to be consoled as to console; to be understood as to understand; to be loved as to love. For it is in giving that we receive; it is in pardoning that we are pardoned; and it is in dying that we are born to eternal life. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The End