Information for Candidates
What is expected of you.
A Geography Scholarship
• Certain attributes
• Geographic knowledge
A Geography Scholarship
A geography scholarship candidate has
• a high level of literacy
– Must be a skilled and confident reader,
– Write fluently using sophisticated language.
• And also has
– analytical skills,
– critical thinking skills
– reflective skills
– evaluation skills
– problem solving skills especially in unfamiliar situations
• good time management skills -in Geo Schol you must
finish the paper.
A Geography Scholarship
Candidate’s must be a Skilled
• Must be a confident and competent Geographer
who has the “feel” for Geography.
• Understands geographic ideas, perspectives
and terminology and is able to use them.
• Has the ability to make deductions – can apply
knowledge from one setting to another.
• Has a sophisticated use of Geographic ideas,
concepts and perspectives.
The Format of the Exam Paper
• Has a question paper and resource material – 20 pages,
• Has a context or organising theme e.g. Desertification,
• Has settings e.g. case studies,
• Gives clear instructions as to what is required: command
words are in BOLD,
• Asks for illustrated essays - two to three questions which
are open ended,- discuss , critically analyse.
• May ask a diagram question,
• Has space to PLAN.
• Gives a limited space to write answers,
How to approach Scholarship
• Understand the meaning of the Performance
• Understand the explanatory notes
• Understand the Assessment Specifications.
• Understand the command words.
• Plan questions and consider how to best use the
three hours of exam time.
• Practise questions under exam conditions,
answering under a time limitation
A focused brief answer tends to score highly so
– Show prior careful analysis.
• The question, the meaning and nuances must
be clearly understood.
• Must be a critical analysis- do NOT write an
• The question must be answered and must be a
confident answer which
– Integrates facts and ideas.
– Show links which must be logical.
Inclusion of a visual
The questions ask for illustrated essays so you
must include diagrams / visuals in your answers
which must be:
• support the discussion,
• simple to understand,
• add new information or provide a summary,
• be part of the answer – You must refer to it. Must
not be an “add-on”.
Evidence from the Resource
• You must read, understand and process a lot of
resource material before you begin to answer
• First analyse the context (issue) to gain an
overview and understanding of the issue.
• Select relevant information using a wide range of
facts from the resource booklet.
• Summarise, analyse, establish links- do NOT
just copy vast lumps.
• Sophisticated and elegant language is required.
• Tight control and focus on the question.
• Easy to read,
• Give statements then supporting evidence,
• Uses quotes,
• Weave ideas and discussion= blend.
• Detailed using resource material.
• Debate or use arguments.
• Use different approaches.
• Be perceptive.
• View from short and long term scenarios.
• Give Pro’s and Con’s.
Weigh up evidence, assess validity and then make a
• Evidence must be weighed up
– Use a critical eye
– Must be insightful
– Use other perspectives and angles.
• Validity to be assessed
– Discuss and argue both sides before coming to a final
conclusion and judgement.
• Judgements must be made – don’t sit on the fence.
• Must make a case to support or reject the statement.
• Must be a balanced argument.
Key Question Command Words
• Identify • Consequences
• Critically evaluate • Causes
• Analyse • Interrelationships
• Discuss • Extent
• Discuss and explain • Process
• Justify • Perspectives
• Assess • Interaction
Construction of Answers
Candidate answers should have structure
• Be well planned,
• Have an Introduction,
• Have a Conclusion,
• Have Paragraphs which clearly show the
• Keep to the length indicated.
• Must be brief ,
• Must relate to the question,
• Be an overview ,
• Be well focused,
• Have good insight and generalisation.
• Set the scene for the rest of the essay.
• Should be based on evidence presented
in the essay.
• Weighs up the evidence.
• Is well-balanced .
• Shows critical analysis and careful
The Diagram Question
• You need to select and process ideas/ facts.
• Must answer the question asked.
• Can use IGI’s and Perspectives BUT these must be
• Show links and interactions by the use of arrows,
• Show complexity; show sequence.
• Support statements with evidence from the resources.
• You should have a wide range of options to chose from –
graphs, flow diagrams, visuals, Venn diagrams.
• The diagram should be easy to read even if it shows
Applying info from other settings
• Must choose relevant info – don’ t include
just to impress.
• Do not use in “drop down menu” fashion
• Environmentalists - Conservation priority views
– Dark greens to light greens
• Capitalists- Economic priority views
– Government – all levels
• Understand how perspectives shape and influence the
views and opinions people and groups have about
events, issues and questions.
• But you must be able to get behind these views and
opinions and discuss why people / groups hold these
views and opinions and the attitude and philosophy that
• Perspectives mentioned must link to the topic
“ incorporate in a discriminatory way”.
• Introduce outside concepts e.g. Maori BUT ONLY
WHERE RELEVANT OR IT IS A DISTRACTOR.
• Use not only the traditional and obvious ones.
Giving your own Opinion
• Decide on point of view and argue your
• Use case study examples to back up your
Scholarship students need
• Deep thinking and profound analysis
• Wide reading on contemporary issues
• Practice, Practice, Practice and more