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Katikati Exam


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Katikati Exam

  1. 1. Geography Scholarship Information for Candidates
  2. 2. Preparation for Geography Scholarship What is expected of you.
  3. 3. A Geography Scholarship Candidate Requires: • Certain attributes • Geographic knowledge
  4. 4. A Geography Scholarship Candidate’s Attributes: A geography scholarship candidate has • a high level of literacy – Must be a skilled and confident reader, – Write fluently using sophisticated language. • And also has – analytical skills, – critical thinking skills – reflective skills – evaluation skills – problem solving skills especially in unfamiliar situations • good time management skills -in Geo Schol you must finish the paper.
  5. 5. A Geography Scholarship Candidate’s must be a Skilled • Must be a confident and competent Geographer who has the “feel” for Geography. • Understands geographic ideas, perspectives and terminology and is able to use them. • Has the ability to make deductions – can apply knowledge from one setting to another. • Has a sophisticated use of Geographic ideas, concepts and perspectives.
  6. 6. The Format of the Exam Paper • Has a question paper and resource material – 20 pages, • Has a context or organising theme e.g. Desertification, • Has settings e.g. case studies, • Gives clear instructions as to what is required: command words are in BOLD, • Asks for illustrated essays - two to three questions which are open ended,- discuss , critically analyse. • May ask a diagram question, • Has space to PLAN. • Gives a limited space to write answers,
  7. 7. How to approach Scholarship • Understand the meaning of the Performance Standard Descriptors. • Understand the explanatory notes • Understand the Assessment Specifications. • Understand the command words. • Plan questions and consider how to best use the three hours of exam time. • Practise questions under exam conditions, answering under a time limitation
  8. 8. Answers A focused brief answer tends to score highly so – Plan – Show prior careful analysis. • The question, the meaning and nuances must be clearly understood. • Must be a critical analysis- do NOT write an outline . • The question must be answered and must be a confident answer which – Integrates facts and ideas. – Show links which must be logical.
  9. 9. Inclusion of a visual The questions ask for illustrated essays so you must include diagrams / visuals in your answers which must be: • original, • support the discussion, • simple to understand, • add new information or provide a summary, • be part of the answer – You must refer to it. Must not be an “add-on”.
  10. 10. Evidence from the Resource Materials • You must read, understand and process a lot of resource material before you begin to answer the questions. • First analyse the context (issue) to gain an overview and understanding of the issue. • Select relevant information using a wide range of facts from the resource booklet. • Summarise, analyse, establish links- do NOT just copy vast lumps. .
  11. 11. Writing • Sophisticated and elegant language is required. • Tight control and focus on the question. • Easy to read, • Detailed, • Give statements then supporting evidence, • Uses quotes, • Weave ideas and discussion= blend.
  12. 12. Discussion • Deep. • Critical. • Detailed using resource material. • Debate or use arguments. • Use different approaches. • Be perceptive. • View from short and long term scenarios. • Give Pro’s and Con’s.
  13. 13. Critically evaluate Weigh up evidence, assess validity and then make a judgement. • Evidence must be weighed up – Use a critical eye – Must be insightful – Use other perspectives and angles. • Validity to be assessed – Discuss and argue both sides before coming to a final conclusion and judgement. • Judgements must be made – don’t sit on the fence. • Must make a case to support or reject the statement. • Must be a balanced argument.
  14. 14. Key Question Command Words and Terms • Identify • Consequences • Critically evaluate • Causes • Analyse • Interrelationships • Discuss • Extent • Discuss and explain • Process • Justify • Perspectives • Assess • Interaction • Context • Debate • Factors • Process • Insight • Integrate
  15. 15. Construction of Answers Candidate answers should have structure • Be well planned, • Have an Introduction, • Have a Conclusion, • Have Paragraphs which clearly show the main idea, • Keep to the length indicated.
  16. 16. The Introduction • Must be brief , • Must relate to the question, • Be an overview , • Be well focused, • Have good insight and generalisation. • Set the scene for the rest of the essay.
  17. 17. The Conclusion • Should be based on evidence presented in the essay. • Weighs up the evidence. • Is well-balanced . • Shows critical analysis and careful evaluation.
  18. 18. The Diagram Question • You need to select and process ideas/ facts. • Must answer the question asked. • Can use IGI’s and Perspectives BUT these must be relevant. • Show links and interactions by the use of arrows, • Show complexity; show sequence. • Support statements with evidence from the resources. • You should have a wide range of options to chose from – graphs, flow diagrams, visuals, Venn diagrams. • The diagram should be easy to read even if it shows complex ideas.
  19. 19. Applying info from other settings • Must choose relevant info – don’ t include just to impress. • Do not use in “drop down menu” fashion
  20. 20. Perspectives Examples • Indigenous • Local • Environmentalists - Conservation priority views – Dark greens to light greens • Capitalists- Economic priority views – Government – all levels – Developers – Industrialists • Age • Gender
  21. 21. Perspectives • Understand how perspectives shape and influence the views and opinions people and groups have about events, issues and questions. • But you must be able to get behind these views and opinions and discuss why people / groups hold these views and opinions and the attitude and philosophy that shaped them. • Perspectives mentioned must link to the topic “ incorporate in a discriminatory way”. • Introduce outside concepts e.g. Maori BUT ONLY WHERE RELEVANT OR IT IS A DISTRACTOR. • Use not only the traditional and obvious ones.
  22. 22. Giving your own Opinion • Decide on point of view and argue your case. • Use case study examples to back up your statements.
  23. 23. Finally Scholarship students need • Perseverance • Resilience • Deep thinking and profound analysis • Wide reading on contemporary issues • Practice, Practice, Practice and more Practice.