The Pre-Greek World
The Minoans (2000-1400 BC) <ul><li>Safe and isolated society on Crete </li></ul>
Greece
Crete
The Minoans (2000-1400 BC) <ul><li>Safe and isolated society on Crete </li></ul><ul><li>+ Incredible business savvy  </li>...
Minoan Society <ul><li>Like one big business corporation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled by Kings (CEOs) </li></ul></ul><ul><...
The Prosperity <ul><li>The palaces were huge, airy, and served as the headquarters for business  and  culture. </li></ul><...
Knossos Palace (arial view) (Crete, Greece) 2000-1600 BC
Knossos  Reconstructed
 
 
 
 
Bull-Leaping Fresco , 1500 BC (Minoans/Ancient Greece)
Bull-Leaping Fresco , 1500 BC (Minoans/Ancient Greece)
 
 
 
The Labrys (double-headed axe) – symbol of Knossos/King Minos
The Minotaur <ul><li>Poseidon sends King Minos a white bull </li></ul><ul><li>King Minos, instead of sacrificing it to the...
<ul><li>(Then he imprisons Daedalus and his son Icarus on a island to keep the secret) </li></ul><ul><li>War between Minos...
<ul><li>The third year, Theseus offers to go. </li></ul><ul><li>Minos’ daughter, Ariadne, falls in love with him </li></ul...
 
Labyrinths <ul><li>A  maze  is a puzzle with choices of path and direction </li></ul><ul><li>A  labyrinth  has only a sing...
 
Labyrinth in Chartres Cathedral (outside Paris)  1200 AD
<ul><li>Labyrinths in Colorado </li></ul><ul><li>Also, this  movie </li></ul>
Minoan Religion <ul><li>Worshipped Mother Earth and a pantheon [pan = all, theos = god(s)] </li></ul><ul><li>of goddesses ...
 
<ul><li>Equality in classes and in gender </li></ul><ul><li>Also, Minoans among the first to love beauty for the sake of b...
The Mystery <ul><li>No one knows where they originated </li></ul><ul><li>Their language has never been deciphered </li></u...
The Mycenaeans (my-sen-AY-ans) <ul><li>1600-1200 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Dominated the Greek mainland after the fall of the M...
<ul><li>The Lion Gate </li></ul><ul><li>1250 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Mycenae, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Post-and-lintel style ...
Mask of Agamemnon Approx. 1500 BC (not actually Agamemnon)
So what happened? <ul><li>Around 1200 BC the Mycenaeans attacked Troy, a wealthy city on the coast of Turkey </li></ul><ul...
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The Pre-Greek World

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The Pre-Greek World

  1. 1. The Pre-Greek World
  2. 2. The Minoans (2000-1400 BC) <ul><li>Safe and isolated society on Crete </li></ul>
  3. 3. Greece
  4. 4. Crete
  5. 5. The Minoans (2000-1400 BC) <ul><li>Safe and isolated society on Crete </li></ul><ul><li>+ Incredible business savvy </li></ul><ul><li>= Minoans dominated pre-Greek world </li></ul>
  6. 6. Minoan Society <ul><li>Like one big business corporation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled by Kings (CEOs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managed by Scholars (CPAs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blessed by Priests (bureaucrats) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The only written records we have from them are meticulous “spreadsheets” of business transactions </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Prosperity <ul><li>The palaces were huge, airy, and served as the headquarters for business and culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Even the poorest people lived in multi-room apartments with indoor plumbing. </li></ul><ul><li>LOVED sports </li></ul>
  8. 8. Knossos Palace (arial view) (Crete, Greece) 2000-1600 BC
  9. 9. Knossos Reconstructed
  10. 14. Bull-Leaping Fresco , 1500 BC (Minoans/Ancient Greece)
  11. 15. Bull-Leaping Fresco , 1500 BC (Minoans/Ancient Greece)
  12. 19. The Labrys (double-headed axe) – symbol of Knossos/King Minos
  13. 20. The Minotaur <ul><li>Poseidon sends King Minos a white bull </li></ul><ul><li>King Minos, instead of sacrificing it to the gods, keeps the bull </li></ul><ul><li>Aphrodite punishes him by making Minos’ wife fall in love with the bull </li></ul><ul><li>She has a baby who has a human body and a bull’s head = the Minotaur </li></ul>
  14. 21. <ul><li>(Then he imprisons Daedalus and his son Icarus on a island to keep the secret) </li></ul><ul><li>War between Minos and Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Minos wins, Athens must send a “tribute” every year (7 young men and 7 virgin women) to be eaten by the Minotaur </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Minotaur becomes more ferocious as it grows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minos has Daedalus build a labyrinth to keep the Minotaur in </li></ul></ul>
  15. 22. <ul><li>The third year, Theseus offers to go. </li></ul><ul><li>Minos’ daughter, Ariadne, falls in love with him </li></ul><ul><li>She gives him a sword and a ball of red yarn </li></ul><ul><li>He kills the Minotaur and escapes </li></ul><ul><li>(= a Greek Hero!) </li></ul>
  16. 24. Labyrinths <ul><li>A maze is a puzzle with choices of path and direction </li></ul><ul><li>A labyrinth has only a single, non-branching path, which leads to the center. </li></ul><ul><li>Appear on pottery, walls, and floors from the Minoan period through the Renaissance </li></ul>
  17. 26. Labyrinth in Chartres Cathedral (outside Paris) 1200 AD
  18. 27. <ul><li>Labyrinths in Colorado </li></ul><ul><li>Also, this movie </li></ul>
  19. 28. Minoan Religion <ul><li>Worshipped Mother Earth and a pantheon [pan = all, theos = god(s)] </li></ul><ul><li>of goddesses (yes, all female) </li></ul><ul><li>The Snake Goddess, protector of the home, was especially popular </li></ul>
  20. 30. <ul><li>Equality in classes and in gender </li></ul><ul><li>Also, Minoans among the first to love beauty for the sake of beauty </li></ul><ul><li>The frescoes are pure decoration, sports were just for fun </li></ul><ul><li>Minoans seemed to be more concerned about the good life than the afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>So what happened? </li></ul>
  21. 31. The Mystery <ul><li>No one knows where they originated </li></ul><ul><li>Their language has never been deciphered </li></ul><ul><li>In about 1450 BC, their civilization suddenly collapsed – the palaces became ghost towns overnight, and no one knows why.... </li></ul>
  22. 32. The Mycenaeans (my-sen-AY-ans) <ul><li>1600-1200 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Dominated the Greek mainland after the fall of the Minoans </li></ul><ul><li>Culturally, they were Anti-Minoans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Warriors instead of traders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chieftains instead of bureaucrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bull-killers instead of bull-jumpers </li></ul></ul>
  23. 33. <ul><li>The Lion Gate </li></ul><ul><li>1250 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Mycenae, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Post-and-lintel style </li></ul>
  24. 34. Mask of Agamemnon Approx. 1500 BC (not actually Agamemnon)
  25. 35. So what happened? <ul><li>Around 1200 BC the Mycenaeans attacked Troy, a wealthy city on the coast of Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Troy fell and the Mycenaeans became rules of the region </li></ul><ul><li>Then, like the Minoans before, the Mycenaeans mysteriously disappeared. </li></ul>

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