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Egypt Besides the Pyramids


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Egypt Besides the Pyramids

  1. 1. Besides the Pyramids Other Egyptian Architecture
  2. 2. But first! <ul><li>Let’s Clarify Something </li></ul>
  3. 3. A Ziggurat
  4. 4. A Step Pyramid
  5. 5. And these are pyramids
  6. 6. Okay, now we can move on.
  7. 7. Obelisks <ul><li>Think Washington Monument  </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated to the sun god Ra (to which they point) </li></ul><ul><li>Carved with hieroglyphics honoring whatever Pharaoh was current </li></ul><ul><li>Tapered monoliths (remember that word?) </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Also a great souvenir! </li></ul><ul><li>When Egypt was conquered by foreigners, the troops would take the obelisks home…. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Rome, Italy
  10. 10. Istanbul, Turkey
  11. 11. Paris, France
  12. 12. London, England
  13. 13. Central Park, New York City
  14. 14. But there are still some in Egypt (Temple in Thebes)
  15. 15. Temples <ul><li>Step 1: Choose a god </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Build a big doorway </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Flank it with obelisks and statues of pharaohs and gods </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4: Add more columns in a hall of huge pillars </li></ul><ul><li>Step 5: Finish with a shrine to that god (a statue on a pedestal), plus a few extra rooms for the priests. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Temple at Luxor (not Vegas)
  17. 17. <ul><li>Egypt had a lot of clay (Nile!), so the temples were made of thick brick walls </li></ul><ul><li>Outsides were etched and painted with hieroglyphics and other symbols </li></ul><ul><li>The roof was made of stone slabs (not much wood in Egypt) </li></ul><ul><li>To support the stone slabs, they used thick stone columns placed close together. </li></ul><ul><li>= Post-and-Lintel architecture </li></ul>
  18. 18. Post and Lintel Two vertical beams (posts) + One horizontal beam (lintel)
  19. 19. Ramesseum Memorial Tomb of Ramses II c. 1250 BC
  20. 20. Hypostyle Hall at the Temple of Amen-Re <ul><li>(1280 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>In Karnak, Luxor </li></ul><ul><li>A Tour </li></ul>
  21. 22. Columns were often carved like Lotus Flowers (symbol of Lower Egypt), the Papyrus (Upper Egypt), or both entwined together
  22. 23. Queen Hatshepsut’s Temple c. 1450 BC
  23. 24. And finally, the Great Sphinx of Giza <ul><li>c. 2550 BC </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>It is the largest monolith statue in the world </li></ul><ul><li>It is the oldest known monumental sculpture, </li></ul><ul><li>Is commonly believed to have been built in the reign of the pharaoh Khafra/Khafre </li></ul>