Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
19 th  Century Europe
Old and New,  Side by Side <ul><li>Industrialism + Nationalism shattered the medieval mold of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Eur...
The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>The scientific achievements of the Enlightenment of the 1700s were finally put to good u...
<ul><li>Trains linked European countries together </li></ul><ul><li>From 1830-1860 1/6 of the world’s rails were laid. </l...
<ul><li>Britain built an empire that at its peak included almost ¼ of the world’s land and people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“...
Socialism (and Communism) <ul><li>Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote about and spread the idea that the workers, not the...
<ul><li>There never was a classic “worker’s revolution” </li></ul><ul><li>However, laws that benefited the workers came ab...
Industrial Age Art <ul><li>New materials to play with:  </li></ul><ul><li>concrete, iron, and glass. </li></ul><ul><li>Mor...
The Eiffel Tower 1889 <ul><li>Built on the 100 th  anniversary of the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Serves no purpos...
Nationalism <ul><li>Keep in mind that 150 years ago, Germany, Italy, Poland, and other countries didn’t exist yet. </li></...
<ul><li>People wanted a government that spoke their language, shared their ethnic heritage, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>When fa...
<ul><li>Patriots rose up to take the governments back from the foreigners who rules over them. </li></ul><ul><li>People to...
Italy Unites <ul><li>Victor Emmanuel II was the only Italian-blooded king, and the movement centered around him (VERDI!) u...
Germany Unites <ul><li>In 1850, Germany was 39 little countries. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1870, Germany was Europe’s biggest e...
The Victorian Era <ul><li>(An explanation of “ British ”) </li></ul><ul><li>The British Empire was ruled from 1837-1901 by...
<ul><li>A time of peace, prosperity, and a Golden Age of science, literature, and middle-class moralities. </li></ul>
Victorian London <ul><li>Rigidly divided into classes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle-Class ...
Charles Dickens <ul><li>The governmental reforms that changed conditions for the poor were boosted by Dickens’ writings. <...
Just when things were going well… <ul><li>Germany, the last of the powers to join the capitalistic race, was a big and hun...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

19th Century Europe

603 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

19th Century Europe

  1. 1. 19 th Century Europe
  2. 2. Old and New, Side by Side <ul><li>Industrialism + Nationalism shattered the medieval mold of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Europe hit the Industrial Age at the same time that it was clinging to traditional attitudes and morals. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>The scientific achievements of the Enlightenment of the 1700s were finally put to good use </li></ul><ul><li>First big thing? The train. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Products and people could get places faster and easier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In 1820 a trip from Vienna to Paris took a week on foot or by horse carriage. By train it took a day. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Trains linked European countries together </li></ul><ul><li>From 1830-1860 1/6 of the world’s rails were laid. </li></ul><ul><li>Europe’s economy shifted from agriculture to industry and farmers flooded the cities looking for factory jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Governments spread out across the world to look for raw materials and labor (i.e. slaves). </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Britain built an empire that at its peak included almost ¼ of the world’s land and people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“The sun never sets on the British Empire.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are downsides to the revolution, though: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slums, over-crowded cities, soot pollution, child labor, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Man, worshipped by the Renaissance, became a commodity. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Socialism (and Communism) <ul><li>Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote about and spread the idea that the workers, not the factory owners, should be the one who benefit the most from its products. </li></ul><ul><li>They predicted that a worker (proletarian) revolution would overthrow the capitalist (bourgeois) establishment. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>There never was a classic “worker’s revolution” </li></ul><ul><li>However, laws that benefited the workers came about because of Socialist ideas (labor unions, child labor restrictions, bathroom breaks, etc.) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Industrial Age Art <ul><li>New materials to play with: </li></ul><ul><li>concrete, iron, and glass. </li></ul><ul><li>More buildings were built in the 19 th century than in all the previous years of history combined! </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Eiffel Tower 1889 <ul><li>Built on the 100 th anniversary of the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Serves no purpose other than to impress people. </li></ul><ul><li>Designed by bridge-builder Gustave Eiffel </li></ul>
  10. 10. Nationalism <ul><li>Keep in mind that 150 years ago, Germany, Italy, Poland, and other countries didn’t exist yet. </li></ul><ul><li>Europe was more of a patchwork quilt of baronies, dukedoms, and little kingdoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers often spoke a different language than their subjects and lived far away. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>People wanted a government that spoke their language, shared their ethnic heritage, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>When farmers and peasants moved into the cities to work in factories, they brought their local languages and customs with them. </li></ul><ul><li>Writers wrote in the people’s language, </li></ul><ul><li>Painters painted scenes from the people’s lives and histories. </li></ul><ul><li>Composers built entire symphonies around folk tunes and stories. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Patriots rose up to take the governments back from the foreigners who rules over them. </li></ul><ul><li>People took pride in their nations and nationalities! </li></ul>
  13. 13. Italy Unites <ul><li>Victor Emmanuel II was the only Italian-blooded king, and the movement centered around him (VERDI!) until in 1860 he was crowned “King of Italy”. </li></ul><ul><li>(The Pope in Rome held out until 1870.) </li></ul><ul><li>Before, French kings ruled Italy’s north and Spanish kings ruled the south. </li></ul><ul><li>After Napoleon came through, the idea of a unified nation grew. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Germany Unites <ul><li>In 1850, Germany was 39 little countries. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1870, Germany was Europe’s biggest economic power. </li></ul><ul><li>Otto von Bismark was the force behind the unification. </li></ul>“ Not by speeches and majority votes are the great questions of the day decided, but by blood and iron.”
  15. 15. The Victorian Era <ul><li>(An explanation of “ British ”) </li></ul><ul><li>The British Empire was ruled from 1837-1901 by a plump, shy girl named Victoria. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>A time of peace, prosperity, and a Golden Age of science, literature, and middle-class moralities. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Victorian London <ul><li>Rigidly divided into classes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle-Class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The underbelly of London was dirty, poor, disease-ridden, and dangerous. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Charles Dickens <ul><li>The governmental reforms that changed conditions for the poor were boosted by Dickens’ writings. </li></ul><ul><li>Oliver Twist , Great Expectations , A Tale of Two Cities , etc. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Just when things were going well… <ul><li>Germany, the last of the powers to join the capitalistic race, was a big and hungry bully without its own place in the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>The technology that had made life better would also make machine guns, nerve gas, and bomb-dropping airplanes. </li></ul><ul><li> The 20 th Century! </li></ul>

×