Higher education in india


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I made a presentation on Management of Human Capital : Higher Education in India; on 11-11-11 at the Regional Summit of CII, Coimbatore, TN, India

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Higher education in india

  1. 1. 8 th Edition of Regional Summit on Quality in Education “Strategic Sustainable Growth in Higher Education Institutes” 11 – 12, November, 2011 Organised by CII, Coimbatore at Hotel The Residency
  2. 2. Session No. 2 ‘Effective Resources Management for Sustaining Growth’ <ul><li>“ Managing Human Capital for </li></ul><ul><li>Sustained Growth ” </li></ul><ul><li>Prof Chowdari Prasad </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 11, 2011 </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  3. 3. Managing of Resources <ul><li>Managing Technology for Sustained Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Infrastructure ….. </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Human Capital …………….. </li></ul><ul><li>– Faculty, Non-Teaching staff (in the Institutions) and others working in Administrative and Policy Making Units </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  4. 4. Education : Service Industry <ul><li>An  industry  made up of  companies  that primarily  earn revenue  through providing  intangible   products  and  services . </li></ul><ul><li>Service  industry companies are involved in retail,  transport , distribution ,  food  services, as well as other service-dominated businesses. Also called service  sector ,  tertiary sector  of industry </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  5. 5. Education - Types <ul><li>Primary/Elementary/ Secondary and Higher </li></ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul><ul><li>Vocational </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Education </li></ul><ul><li>Management Education </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Enabled Learning (Online) & Distance Learning </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  6. 6. HE defined…… (Pilot Report) <ul><li>All India Survey on Higher Education, conducted for first time, by DHE, MHRD, GOI (2011) states: - </li></ul><ul><li>The education, which is obtained after completing 12 years of schooling or equivalent and is of the duration of at least nine months (full time) or after completing 10 years of schooling & and is of the duration of at least 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>A Pilot Survey to test the Data Capture Format… </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  7. 7. Categorisation of HE Institutions <ul><li>University & University Level Institutions – established under Central Act, Provincial Act, State Act, Deemed Universities, or by Parliament as IITs, NITs, NIFTs, etc… </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges / Institutions affiliated to University </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions not affiliated to University – Stand Alone Institutions – offering PGDM – autonomous under AICTE – eg., TTI, DIET, Polytechnics, Nursing, ICAI, ICSI, ASI, etc.. </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  8. 8. 20 Major Disciplines : UGC <ul><li>Arts, Humanities, Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce / Business Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Education </li></ul><ul><li>Fine Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Performing Arts </li></ul><ul><li>7. Computer Applications / Information Technology </li></ul><ul><li>8. Management / Business Administration </li></ul><ul><li>9. ………….. </li></ul><ul><li>………… .. </li></ul><ul><li>20. Law </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  9. 9. Professional Councils (UGC) <ul><li>AICTE </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Council of India </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Council for Agricultural Research </li></ul><ul><li>National Council for Teacher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Council of India </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmacy Council of India </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Nursing Council </li></ul><ul><li>Bar Council of India </li></ul><ul><li>10. Central Council of Homeopathy </li></ul><ul><li>11. Central Council for Indian Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>12. Council of Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>13. Distance Education Council </li></ul><ul><li>14. Rehabilitation Council </li></ul><ul><li>15. National Council for Rural Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>16. State Council of Higher Education </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  10. 10. Indian Higher Education (2004) <ul><li>15,000 Colleges and less than 10 mn students </li></ul><ul><li>More than two-thirds are ‘Arts, Science….’ </li></ul><ul><li>Recent growth is much greater in Prof Colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Also in the private vocational for IT sector </li></ul><ul><li>1,253 Medical Colleges and 2 in Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>More Lawyers produced than Doctors </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 0.7 mn students enrolled in Engg/Tech </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid expansion in Higher Education @ 5% pa </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  11. 11. NKC Recommendations / FAQs <ul><li>NKC recommended for 1500 Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed Central or State Board of Higher Education along with State Boards of Undergraduate Education… </li></ul><ul><li>Envisaged for autonomous colleges / cluster of colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial utilisation of land by Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages setting up for-profit educational institutions by private players </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  12. 12. NKC recommendations… <ul><li>6. Entry of Foreign Universities in India </li></ul><ul><li>7. Creation of a super regulator, IRAHE…. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Entry regulatory functions of AICTE, MCI and BCI would be performed by IRAHE…. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Independent Regulatory Authority on Higher Education would entail quality of HE… </li></ul><ul><li>10. Also proposes gradual rationalisation of fees </li></ul><ul><li>11. Believes in partial reservations on caste basis </li></ul><ul><li>12. Believes there should be multiple accreditation agencies by public / private, to do the ratings… </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  13. 13. Briefly, <ul><li>India’s demographics, population, GER… </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Arrangements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>130 Deemed Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>44 Central Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>281 State Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>94 Private Universites and also </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>66 Academic Staff Colleges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>31,324 - No of Colleges </li></ul></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  14. 14. Report to the People on Education <ul><li>Target to increase GER to 15 % by end of XI FY Plan and 21% by XII Plan by GOI </li></ul><ul><li>MHRD envisaged a major plan of expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of 80 new Central Educational Instititutions alongwith incentivizing State Govts to set up new educational Instts and governance reforms – to give a boost to the expansion with inclusion…. </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  15. 15. Report to the People…2 <ul><li>National Commission for Higher Education and Research (NCHER) proposed…. </li></ul><ul><li>National Accreditation Authority for Higher Educational Institutions is also proposed…. </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal in the Parliament to regulate entry of Foreign Universities… </li></ul><ul><li>Restrict entry of fly by night operators… </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Tribunals Bill provides for three-tier system – district, state and national level </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  16. 16. Managing Human Capital Resources for HE in India <ul><li>Manpower Policy – Teaching & Non-Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment – Women, SC/ ST / OBC / Minorities/ Differently challenged </li></ul><ul><li>Compensation and Incentivisation </li></ul><ul><li>Induction / Training and Career Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Retention Policy? Refresher Courses? </li></ul><ul><li>Research facilities – funding and support? </li></ul><ul><li>New Academic Administration Cadre ? </li></ul><ul><li>Grievance Redressal Mechanism </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  17. 17. Statistics of Higher & Tech Edn 2009-10 : GOI, MHRD, ND : 2011 <ul><li>Table 1. No of Universities & Uni-level Insttns : HE-1 </li></ul><ul><li>Table 2. No of Colleges & Polytechnics : HE-2 </li></ul><ul><li>Table 3. Enrolment (exclg Open Universities) – All Cat’s : HE 3-11 </li></ul><ul><li>Table 4. –do- SC Students : HE 12-13 </li></ul><ul><li>Table 5. –do- ST Students : HE 14-15 </li></ul><ul><li>Table 6. Enrolment in Open Universities : HE 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Table 7. Total Enrolment in Higher Education : HE 17 </li></ul><ul><li>Table 8. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in HE : HE-18 </li></ul><ul><li>Table 9. Gender Parity Index (GPI) – 2008 : HE -19 </li></ul><ul><li>Table 10. Projected Population (18-23 years) : HE – 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Table 11. Pupil Teacher Ratio : HE 21 </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  18. 18. References: <ul><li>Report to the People on Education 2009-10 by MHRD, GOI, New Delhi : July 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education in India by Philip G Altbach in The Hindu dated April 12, 2005 (Internet) </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Higher Education Reform : From Half-baked Socialism to Half-baked Capitalism by Devesh Kapur and Pratap Bhanu Mehta : Centre for International Development (CID) : Working Paper No. 108, Sept 2004 : Harvard University Working Papers </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  19. 19. References - 2 <ul><li>FAQs on National Knowledge Commission Recommendations on Higher Education (Internet) </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education : Teacher Education Scheme from India.gov.in (Internet) </li></ul><ul><li>National Council for Teacher Education : India.gov.in (Internet) </li></ul><ul><li>All India Survey on Higher Education : Pilot Report – MHRD, Dept of Higher Education, Planning, Monitoring & Statistics Bureau, 2011 </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  20. 20. References - 3 <ul><li>8. CII – Higher Education Committee : Initiatives, Workshops, Studies, Training…. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Wikipedia : Internet </li></ul><ul><li>10. India – Demographics </li></ul><ul><li>11. 12 th Five Year Plan – Education (Plg Com.) </li></ul><ul><li>12. Educational Statistics @ a glance 2005-06 : Govt of India - 2008 </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  21. 21. References - 4 <ul><li>13. Statistics of Higher & Technical Education 2009-10 : GOI, MHRD, New Delhi, 2011 (Bureau of Plng, Monitoring & Statistics) </li></ul><ul><li>14. Business World, November 07, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>15. Planning Commission Website : </li></ul><ul><li>XI Plan Approach Paper: “Towards Faster and more Inclusive Growth” </li></ul><ul><li>XII Plan Approach Paper: “Faster, Sustainable and More Inclusive Growth” </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  22. 22. References - 5 <ul><li>16. Annual Report 2010-11 of Dept of School Education & Literacy and Department of Higher Education, MHRD, GOI, New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>17. Google.com </li></ul><ul><li>18. CII website </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  23. 23. Thanks <ul><li>My contacts: </li></ul><ul><li>Prof Chowdari Prasad </li></ul><ul><li>Dean (Planning & Development) </li></ul><ul><li>T A Pai Management Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Manipal, Udupi Dt., Karnataka – 576104 </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: 0820-2701045 and Mob: 9482549472 </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  24. 24. Info on Education in India ( Source: Planning Commission - Business World : 7 Nov 2011 ) <ul><li>Total No. of Universities in India : (603) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Universities 43 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Universities 289 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deemed Universities 130 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutes of National Importance 42 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Private Universities 94 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total No. of Colleges: 31,324 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering: 3,393 Management: 2,385 </li></ul></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011
  25. 25. Info on Education in India - 2 <ul><li>Students: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering : 14,85,894 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management : 16,80,828 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post Graduation : 3,52,571 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ph.D : 1,17,999 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gross Enrolment Ratio : 17.21 </li></ul>11/17/11 CII CMB 2011