Findings from the Knowledge, Attitude, Perception (KAP) Analysis Clare Narrod, on behalf of the team IFPRI: M. Tiongco, R. Scott, and W. Collier CIMMYT: H. De Groote , J. Hellin, S. Kimenju, B. Munyua KARI: C. BettInternational Food Policy Research Institute Uniformed Services University of the Health SciencesInternational Center for the Improvement of Maize ACDI/VOCA/Kenya Maize Development Programand Wheat Kenya Agricultural Research InstituteInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi- Institut d’Economie RuraleArid Tropics The Eastern Africa Grain CouncilUniversity of Pittsburgh
Knowledge: the degree of factual understanding of the topic and associated issues. Attitude and perceptions: feelings toward the subject, including judgment of its importance and influence on people’s lives. Practices: current actions taken as a result of the knowledge, attitude and perception toward the issues.
Evaluate the effectiveness of information campaigns – assist policymakers in customizing educational programs . Flyer from Eastern Kenya
Knowledge of Attributes of Aflatoxin exposure (i.e. human health symptoms such as stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, etc.). Knowledge of Causes (Moisture) of Aflatoxin exposure (e.g. wetness in piles of harvested maize, poor storage condition, dampness in storage place, improper drying, etc.). Attitude (Reaction) about Aflatoxin safety (i.e. farmers’ attitude towards potential outbreaks in their village). Perception of Risk (i.e. understanding risks of storing wet maize, buying maize from local markets, insect/pest damage, etc.). Actions (Container) (i.e. using storage practices that avoid Aflatoxin such as maintaining humidity and cleanliness in storage).
Frequency PercentageLocal Language Radio 197 40.4%Kiswahili Radio 118 24.2%Extension Officer 65 13.3%Neighbor 37 7.6%TV 26 5.3%English Radio 13 2.7%School 12 2.5%Newspaper 8 1.6%Chief Council 6 1.2%Health Worker 2 0.4%Church 1 0.2%Buyers/Traders 3 0.6%Note: Percentages are of respondents who had heard of aflatoxin (n=488),total sample size (n=1343).
Higher education has a positive effect on perception of risk associated with storing wet maize, buying from local markets as well as farmers’ attitude towards potential outbreaks in their village Farm size is not correlated with farmers’ actions to prevent and reduce aflatoxin risks at the farm level using containers. Wealth is positively associated with farmers reaction (attitudes) to aflatoxin in their village and perception of risks associated with storing wet maize, buying maize from local markets, insect/pest damage. In the dry transitional area where the 2004 outbreaks occurred, the effects on the perception of risk of aflatoxin and attitudes to aflatoxin safety is expected. Number of children under 5 had a positive and significant effect on actions to prevent and reduce aflatoxin risks at the farm level.
Social networks What is the effect of social network on knowledge of aflatoxin ? Which networks has the most influence in the disseminating knowledge? How can networks be useful in turning them to correct actions? Aflatoxin prevalence Does KAP on aflatoxin influence prevalence levels? Future work -Impact of education/radio campaigns Randomized controls and see what factors altered KAP indices and aflatoxin levels