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Findings from the KAP analysis


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Findings from the KAP analysis

  1. 1. Findings from the Knowledge, Attitude, Perception (KAP) Analysis Clare Narrod, on behalf of the team IFPRI: M. Tiongco, R. Scott, and W. Collier CIMMYT: H. De Groote , J. Hellin, S. Kimenju, B. Munyua KARI: C. BettInternational Food Policy Research Institute Uniformed Services University of the Health SciencesInternational Center for the Improvement of Maize ACDI/VOCA/Kenya Maize Development Programand Wheat Kenya Agricultural Research InstituteInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi- Institut d’Economie RuraleArid Tropics The Eastern Africa Grain CouncilUniversity of Pittsburgh
  2. 2.  Knowledge: the degree of factual understanding of the topic and associated issues. Attitude and perceptions: feelings toward the subject, including judgment of its importance and influence on people’s lives. Practices: current actions taken as a result of the knowledge, attitude and perception toward the issues.
  3. 3.  Evaluate the effectiveness of information campaigns – assist policymakers in customizing educational programs . Flyer from Eastern Kenya
  4. 4.  Knowledge of Attributes of Aflatoxin exposure (i.e. human health symptoms such as stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, etc.). Knowledge of Causes (Moisture) of Aflatoxin exposure (e.g. wetness in piles of harvested maize, poor storage condition, dampness in storage place, improper drying, etc.). Attitude (Reaction) about Aflatoxin safety (i.e. farmers’ attitude towards potential outbreaks in their village). Perception of Risk (i.e. understanding risks of storing wet maize, buying maize from local markets, insect/pest damage, etc.). Actions (Container) (i.e. using storage practices that avoid Aflatoxin such as maintaining humidity and cleanliness in storage).
  5. 5. LT Dry
  6. 6. Frequency PercentageLocal Language Radio 197 40.4%Kiswahili Radio 118 24.2%Extension Officer 65 13.3%Neighbor 37 7.6%TV 26 5.3%English Radio 13 2.7%School 12 2.5%Newspaper 8 1.6%Chief Council 6 1.2%Health Worker 2 0.4%Church 1 0.2%Buyers/Traders 3 0.6%Note: Percentages are of respondents who had heard of aflatoxin (n=488),total sample size (n=1343).
  7. 7. Knowledge Knowledge Attitude Perception ActionVARIABLES Attributes Afla moisture Reaction risk containerFemale 0.02 -0.45 0.08 0.11 0.004Education of hh -0.28 -0.25 0.66*** 0.48*** -0.03Number of children <5 0.15 -0.09 0.05 0.01 0.1*Heads prim non-Ag -0.23 -0.82 0.04 -0.005 -0.02Wealth -0.01 0.11 0.18*** 0.14*** 0.002Land owned -0.19 0.013 0.05 0.03 -0.08HH selling maize -0.05 -0.27 -0.06 0.05 -0.13dry transitional -2.6*** -5.5*** 1.54*** 1.18*** -0.26dry mid-altitudes -1.07* -6.09*** 1.84*** 1.3*** -0.36moist mid-altitudes -1.48*** -5.39*** -0.72* -0.89** 0.036moist transitional -1.32*** -4.82*** 0.07 -0.06 -0.089high tropics -1.90*** -4.52*** 0.008 -0.06 0.12Constant -1.73** 9.21*** -2.71*** -2.75*** -0.64**Observations 1,042 1,042 1,042 1,042 1,042chi2 23.56 1440 153.4 182.6 22.07pval 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04Log Lik -121 -1032 -630.3 -468.9 -661.3BIC -6992 -7100 -6607 -6790 -6740AIC 0.257 2.005 1.235 0.925 1.294
  8. 8.  Higher education has a positive effect on perception of risk associated with storing wet maize, buying from local markets as well as farmers’ attitude towards potential outbreaks in their village Farm size is not correlated with farmers’ actions to prevent and reduce aflatoxin risks at the farm level using containers. Wealth is positively associated with farmers reaction (attitudes) to aflatoxin in their village and perception of risks associated with storing wet maize, buying maize from local markets, insect/pest damage. In the dry transitional area where the 2004 outbreaks occurred, the effects on the perception of risk of aflatoxin and attitudes to aflatoxin safety is expected. Number of children under 5 had a positive and significant effect on actions to prevent and reduce aflatoxin risks at the farm level.
  9. 9.  Social networks  What is the effect of social network on knowledge of aflatoxin ?  Which networks has the most influence in the disseminating knowledge?  How can networks be useful in turning them to correct actions? Aflatoxin prevalence  Does KAP on aflatoxin influence prevalence levels? Future work -Impact of education/radio campaigns  Randomized controls and see what factors altered KAP indices and aflatoxin levels