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302 unit1 taxi-wga-ilwu

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This slidecast is for TECH 3020: Technology Systems in Societies, at Bowling Green State University.

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302 unit1 taxi-wga-ilwu

  1. 1. <ul><li>Volti, Unit 1 information, chapters 1-3 </li></ul><ul><li>The Nature of Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Winners and Losers: The Differential Effects of Technological Change </li></ul><ul><li>The Sources of Technological Change </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Technological change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>inevitably produces social change. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>does not affect everyone in the same way. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>produces “winners” and “losers.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>can be used for either good or evil. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Technological change, cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>does not yield benefits without exacting a cost. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>may require changes in habits and attitudes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>often shaped by distribution of power. [change takes place--or doesn’t take place--because of a particular group] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>is sometimes used to “fix” problems that are not technical in nature. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Technological change, cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>demands “push” and “pull.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>treated differently in market economies than it is in centrally planned economies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires forecasters to examine trends </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Examples </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>NYC Taxi Strike, 2008 </li></ul>
  7. 8. Dockworker standoff, cont. © 2002, New York Times
  8. 9. August 29, 2007
  9. 10. August 29, 2007
  10. 11. HNRS 201 May 18, 2010 <ul><li>Resolved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PDAs / barcode scanners introduced, ports modernized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency increased, U.S. stayed somewhat competitive with Hong Kong, Singapore, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some dockworkers reassigned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Union - not management - retained control over jobs created by displaced dockworkers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little to no outsourcing </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. HNRS 201 May 18, 2010
  12. 13. HNRS 201 May 18, 2010
  13. 14. <ul><li>Technological Fix </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological solution to a non-technical problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be effective, but sometimes value is limited: social problems are fundamentally different from technical problems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: airbags, scientific management </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Tech. Fix for dockworkers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PDAs / barcode scanners introduced, ports modernized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency increased, U.S. stayed somewhat competitive with Hong Kong, Singapore, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some dockworkers reassigned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Union - not management - retained control over jobs created by displaced dockworkers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little to no outsourcing </li></ul></ul>

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