302 unit1 invention


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This brief presentation focuses on inventors and the invention process, in the Unit 1 area of TECH 3020: Technology Systems in Societies

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  • Dean Kamen Self-taught physicist, millionaire Deka Research and Development FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Inventor [made to be], trying to be entrepreneur [take to the world]
  • See Kamen videos on News.com, time permitting: “ Segway Inventor Outlines Keys to Innovation” (about 4 minutes) Laptop-sized dialysis machine http://www.dekaresearch.com/ http://www.usfirst.org/ http://www.segway.com Ibot Segway Human Transporter
  • Steve Wozniak (“Woz”) UC Berkeley graduate Former HP engineer of calculator chips Co-founder of Apple, started in garage of Steve Jobs’ parents Inventor [made to be] Wozniak , cont. Inventor of the first ready-made personal computer Ed-Tech philanthropist CEO of Wheels of Zeus Board of Directors for Danger, Inc. Steve Wozniak, cont. Recently honored at Lemelson / MIT inventors society Speech on invention followed award given to Dean Kamen that night “ What inventors have in common” speech streamed via C/Net
  • If there’s no money to buy better parts, make existing part work more efficiently The old maxim of “Necessity is the mother of invention” still holds true, at times By-product of desperation?
  • According to Volti, when Xerox first came out with the copying machine most businesses weren’t interested. They thought it was an unnecessary, complex device when carbon paper worked just fine. Bell thought the phone would primarily be used for transmitting operas and other concert performances (basically, he thought it would be used for radio-like purposes). Edison thought phonographs would be used to record the last words of dying men (a rather large dictation machine, really). Around 1950, IBM was convinced there would never be a commercial market for computers.
  • Steve Jobs Co-founder of Apple Current CEO of Apple & Pixar, previous CEO of neXt Entrepreneur [take to the world], rather than inventor [made to be] Macintosh iMac Mac OS X iPod / iTunes Renderman Thomas Friedman (NYTimes): “ You want more good jobs, spawn more Steve Jobs.” http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/24/opinion/24friedman.html?scp=2&sq=steve%20jobs&st=Search
  • Meg Whitman CEO, Ebay Oversaw huge gains as a result of innovation “ Buy it Now” option Ebay stores PayPal acquisition Entrepreneur [take to the world], not inventor Whitman bio
  • 302 unit1 invention

    1. 1. <ul><li>Volti, Unit 1 information, chapters 1-3 </li></ul><ul><li>The Nature of Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Winners and Losers: The Differential Effects of Technological Change </li></ul><ul><li>The Sources of Technological Change </li></ul>
    2. 2. <ul><li>How do Tech. Systems originate? </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery - First to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Invention - Made to be </li></ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurship - Taken to the world </li></ul>
    3. 3. May 18, 2010
    4. 4. © Independence Technology, 2004 iBot video
    5. 5. May 18, 2010
    6. 6. <ul><li>Woz on Invention </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural competition </li></ul><ul><li>Often a result of lack of funds </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of pre-knowledge / often not planned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be the result of unintended discovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be the result of fun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volti’s “Great Breakthrough” (40) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unrecognized potential “Belated Demand” (49) </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Woz / Volti </li></ul><ul><li>Volti: “Many of today’s ‘essential’ technologies were not at first recognized as such” (49): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Xerox - copying machine / Bell - telephone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edison – phonograph / IBM – computers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Often zero demand until unrelated use arises </li></ul><ul><li>“ Killer App” </li></ul>
    8. 8. May 18, 2010
    9. 9. May 18, 2010