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Counselling methods poland on the right - grażyna

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Counselling methods poland on the right - grażyna

  1. 1. ON THE RIGHT TRACK.Counselling methods on learning Polish as a foreign language in Poland prepared by Grażyna Zarzycka University of Łódź
  2. 2. Map of Poland
  3. 3. The outline of the presentation1. Examples of universal counselling to foreigners in Poland on language and life problems2. Examples of local counselling3. Examples of typical and extraordinary forms of counselling4. Conclusions: SWOT ANALYSIS
  4. 4. I. Universal system of counselling on how to learn Polish as a Foreign Language• The website of The Polish as a Foreign Language (PFL) Certificate Exams is the most developed, universal and up-to-date counselling system for everyone who wants to test their competences in PFL• http: certyfikatpolski.pl
  5. 5. Examination sites in 2004-2009IN POLAND:Warszawa (x 22), Kraków (x 14), Poznao (x 4), Łódź (x 3), Wrocław (x 4), Cieszyn, Katowice, Lublin.IN OTHER COUNTRIES:Chicago (x 5), New York (x 6), Berlin (x 7), Tokio (x 2),Lille (x 3), Potsdam (x 2), Minsk, Dortmund, Moskow,Seul, Drezden, Novosibirsk, Lubliana, Beijing, Kiev,Madrid, Paris, Irkutsk, Athens.TOTALLY91 exams2361 examinees(859 - B1 level; 957 - B2 level; 545 – C2 level)
  6. 6. Pieces of informationand advice provided by the website:http: certyfikatpolski.plEgzaminy Certyfikatowe z Języka Polskiego jako ObcegoCERTIFICATE EXAMS of POLISHas a FORIGN LANGUAGEStrona główna Main PAGEPaostwowa Komisja About The NationalExamination BoardO języku polskim About Polish Language
  7. 7. General information about the exams & benefits of passing themIt is the only national examination certifying the competences in Polish as a foreign language.- While hiring a foreigner the employers in Poland may demand such a certificate- Passing B1 level examination is expected from the nurses who want to work at the hospitals in Poland, B2 from the higher government workers, managers etc.B1 level exam - a condition for entering artistic universities and sports academies; B2 - other Polish universities;In the USA – PFL certificate is accepted by some universities as a Polish language class credit.In some Polish secondary schools abroad (for example in Chicago and New York) the certificate exams have replaced difficult school leaving examination (“matura” exams).
  8. 8. Pieces of information & advice for the candidatesKto może zdawad egzamin Who can take the exam?Zgłoszenia How to register for the examPrzed egzaminem Before the examPrzygotowanie do egzaminu Preparing for the exam Samoocena Self-evaluation Podręczniki Handbooks Zbiory zadao Examination tasks’ collections
  9. 9. The model tests(Listening/ Reading / Grammar / Writing / Speaking)with the keyB1EXAMINATION SHEETS WITH CDsPobierz arkusz egzaminacyjny Download examination sheetPobierz plik dźwiękowy Download audio fileB2EXAMINATION SHEETS WITH CDsPobierz arkusz egzaminacyjny Download examination sheetPobierz plik dźwiękowy Download audio fileC2EXAMINATION SHEETS WITH CDsPobierz arkusz egzaminacyjny Download examination sheetPobierz plik dźwiękowy Download audio file
  10. 10. Kryteria oceny Grading criteriaPrzebieg i struktura egzaminu Examination procedureRegulamin dla zdających Examination rulesPo egzaminie After the examKontaktContactSekretariat Komisji The Examination Board OfficeAktualności Current eventsFormularz kontaktowy Contact form
  11. 11. Samoocena SELF-EVALUATIONOn the http://certyfikat.polski.pl website PFL learnerscan find self-evaluation sheets based on CommonEuropean Framework of Reference for Languages aswell on the PFL Examination Standards
  12. 12. Wypowiedź ustna: ogólny opis umiejętności SPEAKING: GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF SKILLSA1 Zdający potrafi wypowiadać pojedyncze zdania na temat ludzi i miejsc. Zdający potrafi przedstawiać proste opisy lub prezentować osoby, warunki życia lub pracy, codzienne rutynowe czynności,A2 rzeczy lubiane/nielubiane itp. w formie krótkiego ciągu prostych zwrotów i zdań tworzących listę spraw. Zdający potrafi dość płynnie prezentować omówienia jednego lub więcej tematów dotyczących jego własnego obszaruB1 zainteresowań, odpowiednio porządkując kolejne zagadnienia. Zdający potrafi przedstawiać klarowne, uporządkowane opisy i prezentacje, właściwie podkreślając znaczące kwestie podając istotne szczegóły i przykłady.B2 Potrafi przedstawiać klarowne, szczegółowe opisy i prezentacje zagadnień w szerokim zakresie tematów z dziedziny jego własnych zainteresowań, rozwijając i wspierając niektóre wątki za pomocą stosownych komentarzy i przykładów. Zdający potrafi przedstawiać klarowne, szczegółowe opisy i prezentować złożoną tematykę, porządkując i rozwijającC1 poszczególne zagadnienia oraz kończąc swój wywód stosownym wnioskiem. Zdający potrafi prezentować klarowne, dobrze skonstruowane, płynne wypowiedzi o przejrzystej strukturze logicznejC2 pozwalające odbiorcy wyodrębnić i zapamiętać najważniejsze treści.
  13. 13. Wypowiedź pisemna: ogólny opis umiejętności WRITING: GENERAL DESCRIPTION TF SKILLS WRITING: GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF SKILLSA1 Zdający potrafi pisać proste pojedyncze wyrażenia i zdania. Zdający potrafi pisać teksty składające się z prostych wyrażeń i zdań połączonych prostymi spójnikami, takimi jak „i”, „ale”, czyA2 „dlatego że”. Zdający potrafi pisać jasne, zwięzłe teksty na rozmaite tematy leżące w polu jego zainteresowań, w formie liniowego ciągu prostych,B1 pojedynczych stwierdzeń. Zdający potrafi pisać klarowne, szczegółowe teksty na rozmaite tematy związane z własnymi zainteresowaniami, przytaczając iB2 oceniając informacje i argumenty pochodzące z wielu źródeł. Zdający potrafi pisać klarowne i dobrze skonstruowane teksty na złożone tematy, podkreślając istotne kwestie, rozwijając wyrażaneC1 poglądy i uzasadniając je dodatkowymi argumentami oraz właściwymi przykładami, formułując przy tym stosowne wnioski. Zdający umie pisać w sposób klarowny i sprawny złożone teksty, stosując odpowiedni styl i logiczną kompozycję, ułatwiająceC2 czytelnikowi odnajdywanie istotnych treści.
  14. 14. Also:Rozumienie ze słuchu: ogólny opis umiejętnościLISTENING COMPREHENSION: GENERALDESCRIPTION OF SKILLSCzytanie ze zrozumieniem: ogólny opis umiejętnościREADING COMPREHENSION: GNERAL DESCRIPTION OF READING COMPREHENSION: GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF SKILLSSKILLS
  15. 15. The impact of language certificate exams’system on Polish as a foreign /secondlanguage education in Poland• Counselling on how to pass the certificate exams of PFL is becoming animportant offer in many educational centres; special classes for foreignerscounselling them how to prepare and pass the examination are provided.• Usually the classes are conducted by the members of The Examiners and theExamination Tasks Authors’ Team (around 40 persons from the leading PFLacademic centres in Poland).• Information on the certificate exams of PFL is becoming a curriculum offer ofmany university departments specialized in teaching Polish as a foreign / secondlanguage in Poland and abroad.
  16. 16. Government offices for migrants and foreign students websites as universal counselling platforms• Urząd do Spraw Repatriacji i Cudzoziemców (OFFICE FOR FOREIGNERS ); Polish and English version: http://www.udsc.gov.pl• Official pieces of information and formal instruction on: refugee status, legalization of the stay, centres for foreigners (refugees and asylum seekers)Access to the articles published in:„Biuletyn Migracyjny” / „The Migrants’ Bulletin”) http://www.udsc.gov.pl/Biuletyn,Migracyjny,244.html
  17. 17. The government websites• Biuro Uznawalności Wykształcenia i Współpracy Międzynarodowej/ Department of International Programmes and Recognition of Diploma, Ministry of Science and Higher Education http://www.buwiwm.edu.pl• Step by step instruction on: how to obtain Polish government scholarships and student visas, pieces of information about higher education in Poland, the directives of Ministry of Science and Higher Education, and links to the website: www.certyfikatpolski.pl
  18. 18. International organizations and migrant associations’ websites as informal ‘counselling platforms’Useful information for foreigners is provided by non-governemental organizations and their websites like:Transitions Abroad.com.See for example the content of: http://www.transitionsabroad.com/listings.livi9ng/living_abroad/living_in_poland. shtml 2011-03-26 Articles on: Poland, Business and Economy in Poland, Education and Study in Poland, Embassies and Consulates, Expatriates Websites and Resources, Government and International Organizations, Housing and Real Estate in Poland, Language Schools in Poland, News and Media in Poland, Travel Information about Poland.The agency Cudzoziemiec.eu offers complex asisstance in moving to Poland for foreigners and expats http://cudzoziemiec.euServises offered: home service search and administration, education counseling, obtaining NIP, change of driving licence, setting private issues
  19. 19. Migrant organizations’ activities and websites• http://.www.powroty.gov.pl - modern website for returning Polish migrants provides useful information on how to settle in Poland after return form emigration, with interactive forum and chats with experts (sociologists, psychologists etc.)Association of the Poles Married to a Foreigner wants to have an impact on activities and legal precedures related to ”mixed marriages” http://www.obcokrajowcy.republika.pl website (interactive forum also provided)Association of Vietnamese Living in Poland, Instytut Afrykaoski, and similar organizations help people belonging to national minorities with adaptation, legal and language problems, organizing sport and cutural activieties and language classes. They promote their communities in Poland and fight for national equality in Poland.
  20. 20. II. Local ‘counselling systems’ aimed at how to teach and how to learnPolish as a second or foreign language
  21. 21. Main centres of Polish culture and Polish language for foreigners• The Centre of Polish Language for Foreigners (Studium Języka Polskiego dla Cudzoziemców Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego)• Coloquial name of the centre is: The Babel Tower of Łódź; established in 1952.• Around 20,000 foreign students educated since 1952; 650 every year. Specializes in ‘language and subject’ courses preparing for studying at Polish universities; www.sjpdc.uni.lodz.pl• Many students from ”exotic countries” were educated in this language centre.
  22. 22. Other centres with a long tradition of educating foreigners in Poland• The Centre of Polish Language and Culture for Foreigners ‘Polonicum’ of Warsaw University established in 1956• www.polonicum.uw.edu.pl• The Centre of Polish Culture and Language in the World of Jagiellonian University established in 1965• http://uj.edu.pl/Polonia/pl
  23. 23. New centres of teaching Polish as a foreign language (PFL)• In late 1980s and 1990s several more centres of Polish culture and language for members of Polish community abroad and foreigners opened at the biggest Polish universities in: Wrocław, Poznao, Lublin, Katowice, Częstochowa, Rzeszów, Sz czecin.• The majority of them offer general PFL courses and summer language courses; 5 academic centres in Poland offer preparatory language and subject classes for those who want to study at the university..
  24. 24. Increasing interest in teaching Polish language to foreigners• Private language schools and foundations known of their activities in the field of teaching Polish to foreigners are: Linguae Mundi Foundation (Warsaw), ‘Prolog’ Language School (Kraków).• In the last decade new centres specializing in teaching Polish to foreigners were opened in majority of Polish universities, including economical, medical and technical academies.
  25. 25. The number of foreign students and their status in Poland According to Eurostat’s statistics in 2009 there lived 60,000 foreigners in Poland.University students:15,000 in 200917,000 in 2010 (1/3 in medical academies)Their status:- Polish goverment’s scholarship holders- Native state government’s scholarship holders- Various foundations’ scholarship holders- Exchange students, e.g. Erasmus Program students- Beneficiaries of European Union Projects- Learners who pay for the language course
  26. 26. Examples of local language counselling activities• How to teach Polish as a second or foreign language?• Academic specializations in Teaching Polish as a Foreign / Second Language are active in Jagiellonian University, Warsaw University, UMC, Vratislavian University, University of Lodz, Silesian University.• In Chicago, N.Y, Germany, Ukraine, Hungary, Italy and other countries postgraduate courses in teaching PFL have been opened.• Teachers’ trainings on how to prepare students for passing certificate exams in Polish as a foreign language become very popular.
  27. 27. New teachers’ guides and textbooks of Polish as a Foreign / Second Language• Teachers’ guides and textbooks for would-be teachers in Polish as a foreign and second language are published by local academic centres.• Publishing House ”Universitas” – best known in Poland for publishing series of teachers’ guides and textbooks for Polish as a Foreign language.• Some academic centres of Polish as a foreign language started cooperation with Polish Schools abroad – they prepare texbooks aimed at educating learners of Polish origin.
  28. 28. Foreign language & Polish as a Foreignlanguage schools’ websites as local ‘counseling platforms’ for foreigners• Diagnostic language tests for students placed in the websites.• and TIPS on:• consulates in Kraków, cultural events, electricity, business hours, emergency numbers, food, health in Kraków, international youth cards, living costs, money, time, public transport, taxis, car & bike rental, car parks & tourist information, water and weather. www.prolog.edu.pl
  29. 29. Some Polish as a foreign language centres and international hostels developed websites for their studentsAdvice, tips, important pieces of information for foreign students of School of Polish for Foreigners, University of Lódź are on: http://student.sjpdc.uni.lodz.pl- Maps of Łódź, links to different timetables (trams, buses, trains, airplaines, school timetable)- School events’ chronicle & foto gallery- A collection of press articles on the cultural school events- Classified ads- Description of state and church holidays in Poland- Polish language curiosities- Interactive forum See also: The ”Tower of Babel” of Lodz (i.e.: International student hostel) website: http://www.babel.uni.lodz.pl.
  30. 30. Participation in EU projects aimed at helping refugees and Polish repatriatesSome language schools which are engaged in helping refugees’ projects providethe refugees and refugee seekers with free of cost classes preparing for PFLcertificate exams; they also pay for the refugees exams; see the projects ofLinguae Mundi Foundation (Warsaw): http://www.linguamundi.pl•“Wspólny Cel – integracja uchodźców na Mazowszu” – Common Aim – refugeesintegration in the Mazovian Region• Polish Language Course with elements of knowledge about Poland andprofessional orientation• Polish Language course with e-learning component preparing for Polish as aForeign Language certificate examPolish language courses are organized in FU SHENFU Rafugees’ Centre and thecentres for Polish repatriates; booklets and guides on how to live in Polandprepared by the organizations in writing (paper and Internet versions)
  31. 31. Most typical forms of interactive language counselling in the Polish as a foreign language schools• Advice and tips given to the foreigners by: language teachers, subject teachers and administrative workers on:• language problems, strategies of learning language and subjects, their academic career: how to select proper level courses and academic studies’ profile.• foreigners’ adaptation in Poland: accommodation, health care, shopping, contacts with the Passport Office, writing different kinds of applications, filling in different types of forms, how to behave in offices, banka, at a post-office, in medical centres and how to cope with difficult situations (theft, illness etc.)
  32. 32. Formal and informal counselling• Advice given during: language classes, the breaks, after-class meeting, office hours, on the phone.• Some teachers communicate with students via the Internet or educational platforms (still very rare form of advising), providing them with tasks and evaluation and support (e-learning).• Interviews and informal meetings with foreigners who succeeded in Poland are organized at the language centres.
  33. 33. Peer group member counselling Office hours by would-be teachers of Polish as a foreign language’ & foreigner-to-foreigner informal counselling• Effects: solving language, educational and personal problems of students from different perspectives:• the expert native speaker perspective,• the expert native speaker peer group member’s perspective• the expert foreigner peer group member’s perspective
  34. 34. The schools of Polish Culture and Language’s cooperation with other institutionsCooperation with: -‘Wspólnota Polska’ Association (Polish Commonwealth) organizes cultural activities for the students of Polish origin, advising the students how to obtain maintenance grants.-The Office of Employment – advises unemployed foreigners on how to apply for language training grants.- National minorities organizations; i.e. African Institute – helps African students in Poland with their adaptation in Poland based on the experiences of: The School of Polish for Foreigners, University of Łódź
  35. 35. Conclusions• Among the activities listed above there are:• ‘true’ counselling methods – face-to face formal and informal counseling, tips and instructions provided by the educational centres and migrant non-govermental organizations’ websites• formal pieces of information for foreigners or repatriates on how to pass Polish exams or how to settle down, or manage in Poland (on government offices or Examination Board of Polish as a Foreign Language’s websites)• Usually advising on how to learn Polish language and how to cope with adaptational problems while living in Poland are separated• There is no fully developed interactive counselling system easily accessible to every foreigner in Poland yet. for more information see: SWOT ANALYSIS

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