Virginia Driver Responsibilities:Virginia Driver Responsibilities:
Licensing ResponsibilitiesLicensing Responsibilities
To...
A novice driver is a person capable of:A novice driver is a person capable of:
Driver Education ProgramDriver Education Pr...
A novice driver is a person capable of:A novice driver is a person capable of:
Driver Education ProgramDriver Education Pr...
• Displaying responsible actions and understanding ofDisplaying responsible actions and understanding of
- physical condit...
• Learner’s PermitLearner’s Permit
• Driver’s LicenseDriver’s License
• Motorcycle LicenseMotorcycle License
• Commercial ...
Types of Virginia LicensesTypes of Virginia Licenses
T – 1.4a
Topic 2 Lesson 1
• Be at least 15 years and six months old.
...
Identification/SS#/Proof of Residence/Legal
Presence
T-1.4b
License Applicants Less than
19 Years Old must provide:
•proof...
Requirements for aRequirements for a Driver’s LicenseDriver’s License
Virginia LicensesVirginia Licenses
T – 1.4c
Topic 2 ...
Commercial Driver’s License (CDL)Commercial Driver’s License (CDL)
A commercial driver’s license allows you to operate tra...
Types of Virginia LicensesTypes of Virginia Licenses
Topic 2 Lesson 1
To Obtain a Motorcycle-Only Driver’s License
You mus...
Virginia Identification Card
Requirements for an Identification Card
ID cards have no age restrictions and are available f...
Specialty InformationSpecialty Information
Organ Tissue Donation
T – 1.5
Topic 2 Lesson 2
Obstacles to open discussion about donations:Obstacles to open discussion about donations:
 There are still a lot of misc...
Specialty InformationSpecialty Information
T – 1.6a
Topic 2 Lesson 2
Organ Tissue DonationOrgan Tissue Donation
(( THE GIF...
Licensing RestrictionsLicensing Restrictions
Restrictions
Removing Restrictions
Endorsements
Classes
T – 1.7
Eye Glasses o...
License RenewalLicense Renewal
Renewing your licenseRenewing your license
T – 1.8
Topic 2 Lesson 3
Your license expires on...
Suspensions/RevocationsSuspensions/Revocations
T – 1.9
Topic 2 Lesson 3
•SuspensionSuspension
•Your privilege to drive has...
Suspension/Revocation
Topic 2 Lesson 3
Individuals under 21
•Zero Tolerance--cannot purchase,
possess or consume alcohol.
...
Inspection/RegistrationInspection/Registration
T – 1.11
 Vehicle Inspection
 Required Equipment
 Illegal Equipment
 Op...
Proof of Financial ResponsibilityProof of Financial Responsibility
Liability InsuranceLiability Insurance
Uninsured mot...
Right–of–Way ConceptsRight–of–Way Concepts
• Right-of-WayRight-of-Way isis not a right or privilege –not a right or privil...
Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: IntersectionsIntersections
• ControlledControlled IntersectionsIntersections
...
Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: ControlledControlled IntersectionsIntersections
T – 1.14a
Controlled Intersec...
UncontrolledUncontrolled Intersections/ 4-way StopIntersections/ 4-way Stop
•An uncontrolled intersectionAn uncontrolled i...
Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: IntersectionsIntersections
Topic 3 Lesson 1
T – 1.14c
Left Turns Private road...
Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: IntersectionsIntersections
Topic 3 Lesson 1
T – 1.14d
In these illustrations,...
Expressways/Multi-Lane RoadwaysExpressways/Multi-Lane Roadways
Topic 3 Lesson 1
YIELD
Right
of
Way
T – 1.15
Entering a con...
 the Right-of-Way
to Pedestrians

 the Right-of-Way to Emergency Vehicles
Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: ...
Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: Special SituationsSpecial Situations
YieldYield the Right-of-Way tothe Right-...
Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: School BusesSchool Buses
Topic 3 Lesson 1
T – 1.16b
In these illustrations, t...
Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: Emergency VehiclesEmergency Vehicles
YieldYield the Right-of-Waythe Right-of-...
Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: PedestriansPedestrians
Yield the Right-of-Way toYield the Right-of-Way to Ped...
Railroad CrossingsRailroad Crossings
T – 1.17
Virginia law requires certain vehiclesVirginia law requires certain vehicles...
Railroad CrossingsRailroad Crossings
Most Train/Vehicle Crashes Result from Driver ErrorMost Train/Vehicle Crashes Result ...
Advance warning signs –Advance warning signs – a round, yellow sign with a black
“ RR” tells you that a highway-rail cross...
Flashing red lights and warning bellsFlashing red lights and warning bells
STOPSTOP if you see flashing red lights or hear...
Railroad Crossing SafetyRailroad Crossing Safety
T – 1.21
• Identify all warning signs, signals and protective devices.
• ...
SignalsSignals
o Steady lights
o Flashing lights
o Signal/Sign combinations
T – 1.22
•Signals by traffic lights indicate t...
Guide SignsGuide Signs
Information SignsInformation Signs Regulatory SignsRegulatory Signs
SignsSigns
Warning SignsWarning...
Signs —Signs — CCoolloorrss Have MeaningHave Meaning
RedRed — prohibitive or stop
GreenGreen — guide information, such as ...
Signs —Signs — ShapesShapes Have MeaningHave Meaning
OctagonOctagon —Stop signs
RectangleRectangle — Regulatory or Guide
•...
Multi-Lane
Two-Lane Rural
Pavement MarkingsPavement Markings
Shared Left
Turn Lane
stop lines
cross walks
ONE Way TWO Way
...
Pavement Markings —Pavement Markings — YellowYellow LinesLines
T – 1.26a
Solid YellowSolid Yellow center lines indicate tw...
Double Solid YellowYellow Lines
Pavement Markings —Pavement Markings — YellowYellow LinesLines
T – 1.26b
Topic 4 Lesson 1
...
Pavement Markings —Pavement Markings — WhiteWhite LinesLines
T – 1.26c
Topic 4 Lesson 1
White lines separate lanes of traf...
You are EnteringYou are Entering aa Work ZoneWork Zone
T – 1.27
Topic 4 Lesson 2
REMEMBER TO USEREMEMBER TO USE
• Common S...
Types of Work ZonesTypes of Work Zones
Stationary Work AreasStationary Work Areas Moving Work AreasMoving Work Areas
Topic...
Areas of Work ZonesAreas of Work Zones
Work AreaWork Area
TerminationTermination
AreaArea
T – 1.30
Topic 4 Lesson 2
Signs ...
Driver’s PerspectiveDriver’s Perspective
Topic 4 Lesson 2
• obey all signs
• adjust early to the changes
• slow down to ma...
Worker’s PerspectiveWorker’s Perspective
T – 1.32
Topic 4 Lesson 2
Motorists speeding in a work zone represent a dangerous...
CARELESSNESSCARELESSNESS
T – 1.33
Topic 4 Lesson 2
• Each year in Virginia more than a
dozen lives are lost in work zone
c...
Tips for Driving Through Work ZonesTips for Driving Through Work Zones
 Orange signals work zones
 Proceed with extreme
...
PassingPassing
Do you know theDo you know the
rules for:rules for:
• Designated LanesDesignated Lanes
• Two-Lane RoadsTwo-...
TurningTurning
T – 1.36
Left TurnLeft Turn
Vehicle Signal —— move the signal lever all the way down.
Hand Signal —— extend...
Stopping, Standing, ParkingStopping, Standing, Parking
• Legal ProhibitionsLegal Prohibitions
• DisabilitiesDisabilities
•...
• Speed and DistanceSpeed and Distance
• 2-3 Seconds Interval2-3 Seconds Interval
• 4 or More Second Interval4 or More Sec...
Type of Highway or zone Limit
Interstate highways in designated rural areas 65 MPH
Interstate highways in areas not design...
HeadlightsHeadlights
• Daytime Running Lights?Daytime Running Lights?
• When to Use Headlights?When to Use Headlights?
• H...
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Module 01 2004

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Module 01 2004

  1. 1. Virginia Driver Responsibilities:Virginia Driver Responsibilities: Licensing ResponsibilitiesLicensing Responsibilities Topic 1 --Topic 1 -- Goals of the ProgramGoals of the Program Topic 2 --Topic 2 -- Your License to DriveYour License to Drive Topic 3 --Topic 3 -- Right-of-Way ConceptsRight-of-Way Concepts Topic 4 --Topic 4 -- Traffic Control DevicesTraffic Control Devices Module One TransparenciesModule One Transparencies VirginiaVirginia Department of EducationDepartment of Education Provided in cooperation with the Virginia Department of Motor VehiclesProvided in cooperation with the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles
  2. 2. A novice driver is a person capable of:A novice driver is a person capable of: Driver Education ProgramDriver Education Program T – 1.1 • Demonstrating a working knowledge ofDemonstrating a working knowledge of thethe - rules of the road- rules of the road - procedures for operating an automobile- procedures for operating an automobile • Using visual search skills toUsing visual search skills to - obtain information about the driving environment- obtain information about the driving environment - make reduced-risk decisions- make reduced-risk decisions • Demonstrating abilities to manage space byDemonstrating abilities to manage space by - adjusting position and/or- adjusting position and/or - speed to avoid conflicts and reduce risk- speed to avoid conflicts and reduce risk Topic 1 Lesson 1
  3. 3. A novice driver is a person capable of:A novice driver is a person capable of: Driver Education ProgramDriver Education Program T – 1.2 • Interacting with other roadway users in a positiveInteracting with other roadway users in a positive mannermanner • Maintaining balanced vehicle movement throughMaintaining balanced vehicle movement through - steering in a precise and timely manner- steering in a precise and timely manner - braking in a precise and timely manner- braking in a precise and timely manner - accelerating in a precise and timely manner- accelerating in a precise and timely manner • Protecting oneself and others by properly usingProtecting oneself and others by properly using occupant protection systemsoccupant protection systems Topic 1 Lesson 1
  4. 4. • Displaying responsible actions and understanding ofDisplaying responsible actions and understanding of - physical conditions affecting driver performance- physical conditions affecting driver performance - psychological conditions affecting driver performance- psychological conditions affecting driver performance • Participating in adequate supervised practice with licensedParticipating in adequate supervised practice with licensed parent, guardian, or mentor to develop proficient drivingparent, guardian, or mentor to develop proficient driving skills and good driving habitsskills and good driving habits A novice driver is a person capable of:A novice driver is a person capable of: Driver Education ProgramDriver Education Program T – 1.3 Topic 1 Lesson 1
  5. 5. • Learner’s PermitLearner’s Permit • Driver’s LicenseDriver’s License • Motorcycle LicenseMotorcycle License • Commercial Driver’sCommercial Driver’s License (CDL)License (CDL) Virginia LicensesVirginia Licenses Virginia Driver's License for persons 21 years of age and older Virginia Driver's License for persons under 21 years of age T – 1.4 Topic 2 Lesson 1 Horizonal Vertical Organ donation is denoted on the driver’s license as a red heart followed by “Organ Donor” in black
  6. 6. Types of Virginia LicensesTypes of Virginia Licenses T – 1.4a Topic 2 Lesson 1 • Be at least 15 years and six months old. • Complete a DL1M learner’s permit and driver’s license application form. • Furnish proof of •identification; •social security number; •residency; and •legal presence. • Pass •a signs test (100%); •a general knowledge test (80%); and •a vision test. • Have a digitized photo taken at DMV. Requirements for aRequirements for a Learner’s PermitLearner’s Permit
  7. 7. Identification/SS#/Proof of Residence/Legal Presence T-1.4b License Applicants Less than 19 Years Old must provide: •proof of identification •need one document from primary list •proof of social security number Social security card W2 form Income tax return •proof of residence (parents may verify residence) •proof of legal presence Topic 2 Lesson 1
  8. 8. Requirements for aRequirements for a Driver’s LicenseDriver’s License Virginia LicensesVirginia Licenses T – 1.4c Topic 2 Lesson 1 • must be at least 16 years and three months old; • hold a learner’s permit for at least nine months; and • successfully complete a driver education program Note: the 90-day provisional license (PDL-90) issued by your in-car driver education teacher is a valid driver’s license when accompanied by a valid Virginia learner’s permit. (Applicants less than 19 years old) Additional Requirements for Applicants less than 18 •must have parent/guardian permission, and •have your parents certify that you have driven a motor vehicle for 40 hours, at least 10 of which were after sunset
  9. 9. Commercial Driver’s License (CDL)Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) A commercial driver’s license allows you to operate tractor-A commercial driver’s license allows you to operate tractor- trailers, passenger buses, tank vehicles, school buses fortrailers, passenger buses, tank vehicles, school buses for 16 or more occupants, or vehicles carrying hazardous16 or more occupants, or vehicles carrying hazardous materials.materials. Types of Virginia LicensesTypes of Virginia Licenses T – 1.4d Topic 2 Lesson 1
  10. 10. Types of Virginia LicensesTypes of Virginia Licenses Topic 2 Lesson 1 To Obtain a Motorcycle-Only Driver’s License You must pass the: •driver’s license two-part knowledge test; •motorcycle knowledge exam; and •motorcycle road skills test. •You must also have a motorcycle learner’s permit for a minimum of 30 days. Motorcycle License If less than 19 years old, you must also complete a driver education program and have a motorcycle learner’s permit for a minimum of 9 months. T – 1.4e
  11. 11. Virginia Identification Card Requirements for an Identification Card ID cards have no age restrictions and are available for adults or children who do not hold a learner’s permit or driver’s license. •Applicants must be a resident of Virginia. •Must present: •identification document(s); •proof of social security number; •proof of Virginia residency; and •proof of legal presence. T-1.4f Topic 2 Lesson 1 An ID card costs $10 and expires five years from date of issue.
  12. 12. Specialty InformationSpecialty Information Organ Tissue Donation T – 1.5 Topic 2 Lesson 2
  13. 13. Obstacles to open discussion about donations:Obstacles to open discussion about donations:  There are still a lot of misconceptions about organ donation.There are still a lot of misconceptions about organ donation.  People prefer not to talk about their mortality.People prefer not to talk about their mortality. Special note:Special note: A signed donor card is not enough.A signed donor card is not enough. Family consent is also required.Family consent is also required. T – 1.6 Specialty InformationSpecialty Information Topic 2 Lesson 2
  14. 14. Specialty InformationSpecialty Information T – 1.6a Topic 2 Lesson 2 Organ Tissue DonationOrgan Tissue Donation (( THE GIFT OF LIFETHE GIFT OF LIFE )) Scientific, surgical and medical advancements have made it possible to transplant many human organs and tissues with great success! Medical technology allows transplantation of: STATISTICSSTATISTICS • More than 10,000 kidneys are transplanted each year, yet over 23,000 people need transplants • More than 2,000 hearts are transplanted each year, yet over 2,800 people continue to wait • More than 3,000 livers are transplanted annually, yet over 2,600 people are on the waiting list • More than 500 lungs are transplanted each year, yet over 1,000 people are on the waiting list for a transplant • More than 500 pancreas transplants are performed annually, yet over 100 people are waiting for a transplant  skin,  cornea,  bone,  bone marrow,  blood,  kidney,  heart,  lung,  pancreas,  liver,  small bowel, and  heart valve.
  15. 15. Licensing RestrictionsLicensing Restrictions Restrictions Removing Restrictions Endorsements Classes T – 1.7 Eye Glasses or Contact Lenses Daylight Driving Only Hearing Aids Automatic Transmission Automatic Light and High/ Low Beam Switch Hand Controls Left Accelerator Pedal School Bus Motorcycle Dangerous Cargo Topic 2 Lesson 3
  16. 16. License RenewalLicense Renewal Renewing your licenseRenewing your license T – 1.8 Topic 2 Lesson 3 Your license expires on yourYour license expires on your birthday in ages divisible by 5.birthday in ages divisible by 5. 11stst license is valid for 3-7 years.license is valid for 3-7 years. The cost per year for a licenseThe cost per year for a license is...is... You can renew on-line onceYou can renew on-line once every 10 years.every 10 years.
  17. 17. Suspensions/RevocationsSuspensions/Revocations T – 1.9 Topic 2 Lesson 3 •SuspensionSuspension •Your privilege to drive has been withdrawn temporarily.Your privilege to drive has been withdrawn temporarily. •Judge may grant restricted driving privileges toJudge may grant restricted driving privileges to and from work, school, or VASAP class.and from work, school, or VASAP class. •RevocationRevocation •Your privilege to drive has been terminated.Your privilege to drive has been terminated. •Must reapply for a driver’s license after revocationMust reapply for a driver’s license after revocation period has passed.period has passed. •Administrative License Suspension (ALS)Administrative License Suspension (ALS) If your are under age 21 and you register a BAC of 0.02 toIf your are under age 21 and you register a BAC of 0.02 to 0.08, (over age 21, if you register a BAC 0.08 or higher) or0.08, (over age 21, if you register a BAC 0.08 or higher) or refuse to take the breath test, your driver’s license will berefuse to take the breath test, your driver’s license will be suspended for seven days immediately after arrest.suspended for seven days immediately after arrest.
  18. 18. Suspension/Revocation Topic 2 Lesson 3 Individuals under 21 •Zero Tolerance--cannot purchase, possess or consume alcohol. •Use and Lose •Traffic/Seat belt violations •2nd offense •3rd offense Consequencies of driving while your license is suspended •Your vehicle will be impounded immediately for 90 days if caught driving after your license has been suspended for an alcohol-related offense •If you knowingly allow operation of your vehicle by someone whose license has been revoked or suspended for an alcohol-related offense you can be charge with a Class 1 misdemeanor •Possible jail time T-1.10
  19. 19. Inspection/RegistrationInspection/Registration T – 1.11  Vehicle Inspection  Required Equipment  Illegal Equipment  Optional Equipment  Vehicle Registration Topic 2 Lesson 4
  20. 20. Proof of Financial ResponsibilityProof of Financial Responsibility Liability InsuranceLiability Insurance Uninsured motorist feeUninsured motorist fee Financial ResponsibilityFinancial Responsibility T – 1.12 Topic 2 Lesson 4 Detailed information on financial responsibility is provided in Module 10
  21. 21. Right–of–Way ConceptsRight–of–Way Concepts • Right-of-WayRight-of-Way isis not a right or privilege –not a right or privilege – it must beit must be given!given! • Determined by a set of rules.Determined by a set of rules. • Drivers must understand right-of-way rules governing:Drivers must understand right-of-way rules governing: •Intersections;Intersections; •Merges; andMerges; and •Special conditions.Special conditions. T – 1.13 Topic 3 Lesson 1
  22. 22. Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: IntersectionsIntersections • ControlledControlled IntersectionsIntersections • Uncontrolled IntersectionsUncontrolled Intersections • Single or two-lane roads intersecting withSingle or two-lane roads intersecting with multiple-lane roadsmultiple-lane roads • When turning leftWhen turning left • T IntersectionsT Intersections • Railroad grade crossingsRailroad grade crossings T – 1.14 Topic 3 Lesson 1 Who should YIELD in the following situations?
  23. 23. Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: ControlledControlled IntersectionsIntersections T – 1.14a Controlled Intersections:Controlled Intersections: Topic 3 Lesson 1 • Signs and/or signalsSigns and/or signals determine who should yielddetermine who should yield regulate the flow of traffic and pedestriansregulate the flow of traffic and pedestrians
  24. 24. UncontrolledUncontrolled Intersections/ 4-way StopIntersections/ 4-way Stop •An uncontrolled intersectionAn uncontrolled intersection has NO signs or signalsNO signs or signals to regulate the flow of traffic. •A 4-way stop has a stop sign at each corner. Vehicles approaching an intersection must yield to vehicles already in the intersection. In these illustrations, the Blue Car must yield the right-of- way. When two or more vehicles approach an intersection at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right. Topic 3 Lesson 1 T – 1.14b First Car Rule Same Time Rule
  25. 25. Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: IntersectionsIntersections Topic 3 Lesson 1 T – 1.14c Left Turns Private road, alley or driveway Vehicles turning left must yield to oncoming traffic – unless there is a lead green arrow. Vehicles entering a roadway from a private road, alley or driveway shall stop and yield right-of-way to traffic on the roadway.
  26. 26. Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: IntersectionsIntersections Topic 3 Lesson 1 T – 1.14d In these illustrations, the Blue Car must yield the right-of-way. T-Intersections Traffic Circles At a T-intersection, the vehicle on the side street must stop and yield right of way. Vehicles entering the traffic circle shall yield to vehicles already in the intersection.
  27. 27. Expressways/Multi-Lane RoadwaysExpressways/Multi-Lane Roadways Topic 3 Lesson 1 YIELD Right of Way T – 1.15 Entering a controlled-access highwayEntering a controlled-access highway Yield the right-of-way to vehicles already on the expressway. Leaving a controlled-access highwayLeaving a controlled-access highway • Vehicles entering the expressway shall yield to vehicles exiting the expressway. • If you miss the exit, do not stop and/or back up on the expressway. Continue driving to the next exit. Driving on multiple-lane roadwaysDriving on multiple-lane roadways The vehicle entering the lane of traffic from a lane to the right shall yield right-of-way to the vehicle entering the same lane of traffic from a lane to the left. *See Module 6 for detailed information on limited access roadways.
  28. 28.  the Right-of-Way to Pedestrians   the Right-of-Way to Emergency Vehicles Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: Special SituationsSpecial Situations T – 1.16 Topic 3 Lesson 1 the Right-of-Way to School Buses
  29. 29. Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: Special SituationsSpecial Situations YieldYield the Right-of-Way tothe Right-of-Way to School BusesSchool Buses Topic 3 Lesson 1 T – 1.16a All traffic must stop for a school bus with flashing red lights and an extended stop sign UNLESS the vehicles are traveling on the opposite side of a highway on a roadway separated by a physical barrier or unpaved median area. Note: You must also stop if the bus is loading or unloading children and the signal devices are not functioning properly.
  30. 30. Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: School BusesSchool Buses Topic 3 Lesson 1 T – 1.16b In these illustrations, the RED cars must STOP and YIELD Right-of-Way School Bus Traffic from both directions must stop. Vehicles traveling on the opposite side of a divided highway separated by a barrier or unpaved median do not have to stop. At an intersection, all traffic must stop. If a School Bus is Loading or Unloading Students...
  31. 31. Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: Emergency VehiclesEmergency Vehicles YieldYield the Right-of-Waythe Right-of-Way toto Emergency VehiclesEmergency Vehicles Topic 3 Lesson 1 T – 1.16c Vehicles must yield the right-of-way to police, fire, and rescue vehicles using a siren and/or flashing lights.  Pull over to the right edge of the road and stop until the emergency vehicle has passed.  If traffic is congested and prevents moving to the right edge of the road, adjust lane position and leave a clear path for the emergency vehicle to pass.  On an undivided highway, all traffic must pull over to the edge of the road and allow the emergency vehicle to pass.
  32. 32. Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: PedestriansPedestrians Yield the Right-of-Way toYield the Right-of-Way to PedestriansPedestrians atat T – 1.16d Topic 3 Lesson 1 •Intersections •Crosswalks •When Making Right & Left Turns
  33. 33. Railroad CrossingsRailroad Crossings T – 1.17 Virginia law requires certain vehiclesVirginia law requires certain vehicles (e.g., school buses, oil tankers, etc.) to(e.g., school buses, oil tankers, etc.) to stop at all railroad crossings.stop at all railroad crossings. If you follow one of these “Must STOP“Must STOP Vehicles”Vehicles”,, be prepared to stop, since you cannot pass or overtake them at an intersection. Railroad crossings areRailroad crossings are specialized intersections.specialized intersections. Topic 3 Lesson 2 Passing and overtaking is not permitted.
  34. 34. Railroad CrossingsRailroad Crossings Most Train/Vehicle Crashes Result from Driver ErrorMost Train/Vehicle Crashes Result from Driver Error T – 1.18 A train going 50 mphA train going 50 mph takes 1.5 milestakes 1.5 miles to stop (on average).to stop (on average). A car going 55 mph takes about 200 feet to stop.A car going 55 mph takes about 200 feet to stop. REMEMBER:REMEMBER: A train cannot swerve or stop quickly toA train cannot swerve or stop quickly to avoid a crash.avoid a crash. Topic 3 Lesson 2 Trains do not and cannot stop at crossingsTrains do not and cannot stop at crossings — Consequently, the v— Consequently, the vehicle driver is responsible for avoiding the collision. Remember: • Don’t drive onto the tracks unless you have enough room on the other side. • Don’t change gears while crossing. • Be extra careful at night and in low visibility conditions. • If the gate starts lowering as you are crossing, keep going, don’t stop and don’t back up. • Don’t pass other vehicles at the crossing.
  35. 35. Advance warning signs –Advance warning signs – a round, yellow sign with a black “ RR” tells you that a highway-rail crossing is ahead--be prepared to stop. Pavement markings –Pavement markings – when you see the “RR” painted on the pavement, be prepared to stop. STOPSTOP signs at railroad crossings –signs at railroad crossings – the same laws apply here as for any other intersection regulated by a STOP sign. You must come to a complete stop. If no trains are coming, you may proceed. Crossbuck signs are likeCrossbuck signs are like yieldyield signs –signs – You must YIELD to trains. • Slow down and be prepared to stop when you see the crossbuck sign. • A sign below the crossbuck indicates the number of tracks. Railroad Crossing WarningsRailroad Crossing Warnings T – 1.20 Topic 3 Lesson 2 LOOK FORLOOK FOR and OBEYand OBEY allall railroad crossing signs and signalsrailroad crossing signs and signals 22
  36. 36. Flashing red lights and warning bellsFlashing red lights and warning bells STOPSTOP if you see flashing red lights or hear warning bells. Gates, flashing red lights and/or bellsGates, flashing red lights and/or bells STOPSTOP - Never go around the gates -- it’s against the law. Flag operatorFlag operator Proceed only when he or she gives you the “all clear” signal. Train whistleTrain whistle STOP if you hear a train whistle, or see a train. Railroad Crossing WarningsRailroad Crossing Warnings T – 1.20a Topic 3 Lesson 2 LOOK FORLOOK FOR and OBEYand OBEY allall railroad crossing signs and signalsrailroad crossing signs and signals Flashing red lights Bells Gates Go only when the gates are up, the lights and bells stop, and all tracks are clear in both directions!
  37. 37. Railroad Crossing SafetyRailroad Crossing Safety T – 1.21 • Identify all warning signs, signals and protective devices. • NEVER assume NO train is coming. • LOOK both ways, and LISTEN for any audible signal (whistle) before you proceed across the tracks. • When a train is approaching, STOP and let the train pass. CHECK that no other trains are approaching from either direction before you start across. To drive safely across a railwayTo drive safely across a railway crossing:crossing: Topic 3 Lesson 2 If you get stuck on the tracks:  Get everyone out — run from the tracks.  Call the police.  If no train is coming, try to push the vehicle off the tracks. • Trains are not always on schedule. • Since many crossings have 2 or more tracks, a first train can hide a second one. • It is hard to determine how fast a train is moving. • There are many crossings that have no warning lights or gates. • It is illegal and dangerous to drive around lowered gates. Other Facts AboutOther Facts About TrainsTrains
  38. 38. SignalsSignals o Steady lights o Flashing lights o Signal/Sign combinations T – 1.22 •Signals by traffic lights indicate the following: •Steady red – moving traffic shall stop and remain stopped as long as the signal is red, except for traffic moving in the direction indicated by a green arrow. •Green – the traffic shall move in the direction of the signal but should yield to other vehicles and pedestrians in the intersection. •Steady Yellow –Steady Yellow – a change is about to occur in the direction of the moving traffic. •Flashing red – traffic shall stop before entering the intersection. Virginia Law: § 46.2-833 — Traffic lights Topic 4 Lesson 1
  39. 39. Guide SignsGuide Signs Information SignsInformation Signs Regulatory SignsRegulatory Signs SignsSigns Warning SignsWarning Signs T – 1.23 Topic 4 Lesson 1 Give advance warning of hazards to allow drivers time to safely minimize risks. GUIDE drivers to their destination by identifying routes well in advance. INFORM drivers of motorist services and recreational facilities. REGULATE the speed and movement of traffic.
  40. 40. Signs —Signs — CCoolloorrss Have MeaningHave Meaning RedRed — prohibitive or stop GreenGreen — guide information, such as direction or guidance signs BlueBlue — motorist services signs YellowYellow —general warning WhiteWhite — regulatory signs OrangeOrange — construction and maintenance work BrownBrown —recreational and cultural interest Fluorescent Optic YellowFluorescent Optic Yellow —school zones, school crossings and pedestrian crossings T – 1.24 Topic 4 Lesson 1
  41. 41. Signs —Signs — ShapesShapes Have MeaningHave Meaning OctagonOctagon —Stop signs RectangleRectangle — Regulatory or Guide •Vertical signs indicate the law TriangleTriangle —Yield signs DiamondDiamond — Warning PentagonPentagon — School and School Crossings PennantPennant — Advance warning of No Passing Zones T – 1.25 Topic 4 Lesson 1 •Horizontal signs give directions or information. Round - advance warning of railroad crossing Crossbuck – railroad crossing (same as a yield sign)
  42. 42. Multi-Lane Two-Lane Rural Pavement MarkingsPavement Markings Shared Left Turn Lane stop lines cross walks ONE Way TWO Way T – 1.26 Topic 4 Lesson 1
  43. 43. Pavement Markings —Pavement Markings — YellowYellow LinesLines T – 1.26a Solid YellowSolid Yellow center lines indicate two-way traffic with no passing allowed. ALWAYS KEEP TO THE RIGHT of the line. Traffic Flow Traffic Flow Broken YellowYellow Center Line Broken YellowYellow Line alongside a Solid YellowYellow Line Topic 4 Lesson 1 White arrows show direction of traffic flow. • Passing is permitted on the side with the broken line. • Passing is NOT permitted on the side with the solid line. • Passing on the left is permitted in either direction. • Pass only when the way ahead is clear because you will be entering a lane with oncoming traffic.
  44. 44. Double Solid YellowYellow Lines Pavement Markings —Pavement Markings — YellowYellow LinesLines T – 1.26b Topic 4 Lesson 1 Yellow LinesYellow Lines White arrows show direction of traffic flow. • Passing is NOT permitted in either direction. MARK the left edge on divided highways. MARK the left edge on one-way roads. • Crossing the lines is permitted when making a left turn.
  45. 45. Pavement Markings —Pavement Markings — WhiteWhite LinesLines T – 1.26c Topic 4 Lesson 1 White lines separate lanes of traffic going in the same direction. Broken White LinesBroken White Lines Solid White LinesSolid White Lines • Solid white lines designate turn lanes and prevent lane changes near intersections. • Arrows indicate which turns may be made from the lane. - A curved arrow and the word ONLY indicate you must turn in the direction of the arrow; and - both a curved and straight arrow indicate you may either turn or go straight. • Stop lines, crosswalks and parking spaces also are marked by white lines. • Solid white lines mark the right edge of pavement. Traffic Flow Traffic Flow • Drivers may cross with caution.
  46. 46. You are EnteringYou are Entering aa Work ZoneWork Zone T – 1.27 Topic 4 Lesson 2 REMEMBER TO USEREMEMBER TO USE • Common SenseCommon Sense • CautionCaution • ConcentrationConcentration
  47. 47. Types of Work ZonesTypes of Work Zones Stationary Work AreasStationary Work Areas Moving Work AreasMoving Work Areas Topic 4 Lesson 2 T – 1.29 Construction Mowing/Plowing or Sanding You can’t have safe roads without having road construction and maintenance!
  48. 48. Areas of Work ZonesAreas of Work Zones Work AreaWork Area TerminationTermination AreaArea T – 1.30 Topic 4 Lesson 2 Signs are placed to indicate changing conditions ahead. Road markings show traffic detours and provide directions for required maneuvers. Allows you to become accustomed to the new traffic pattern before entering the actual work area. BufferBuffer AreaArea Maintenance or construction work is underway. Signs indicate you are leaving the work zone and can resume normal driving. Advance Warning AreaAdvance Warning Area Transition AreaTransition Area
  49. 49. Driver’s PerspectiveDriver’s Perspective Topic 4 Lesson 2 • obey all signs • adjust early to the changes • slow down to mandated construction zone speed • obey all flag-persons • pay close attention to road markings, barrels, or cones • make smooth maneuvers for lane and speed adjustments • Look well ahead while completing your lane and speed adjustments T – 1.31 1. Advance Warning Area 2. Transition Area 3. Buffer Zone • maximize space between the cones, barrels, and concrete barriers that separate your vehicle from the workers and machinery in the work zone 4. Work Area • maintain a reduced speed until clear of the construction area 5. Termination Area Stay Alert when DrivingStay Alert when Driving Through the Work ZoneThrough the Work Zone
  50. 50. Worker’s PerspectiveWorker’s Perspective T – 1.32 Topic 4 Lesson 2 Motorists speeding in a work zone represent a dangerousMotorists speeding in a work zone represent a dangerous threat to the road workers’ safety.threat to the road workers’ safety.
  51. 51. CARELESSNESSCARELESSNESS T – 1.33 Topic 4 Lesson 2 • Each year in Virginia more than a dozen lives are lost in work zone crashes. Drive smart: DON’T BECOME A PART OF THE PROBLEMDON’T BECOME A PART OF THE PROBLEM • Work zone crashes account for nearly 300 injuries and more than $2 million in property damage. • stay alert at all times; • use caution; • be patient; and • obey all construction signs and flag-persons.
  52. 52. Tips for Driving Through Work ZonesTips for Driving Through Work Zones  Orange signals work zones  Proceed with extreme caution  Obey all signs and flaggers  Drive at the posted speed  Watch out for workers  Watch out for slow moving vehicles and equipment  Stay in your lane  Report unsafe conditions T – 1.34 Topic 4 Lesson 2
  53. 53. PassingPassing Do you know theDo you know the rules for:rules for: • Designated LanesDesignated Lanes • Two-Lane RoadsTwo-Lane Roads • Passing on thePassing on the RightRight • Mirror Blind Spot?Mirror Blind Spot? T – 1.35 Topic 4 Lesson 3 For more information on passing, see Module 5 Topic 3
  54. 54. TurningTurning T – 1.36 Left TurnLeft Turn Vehicle Signal —— move the signal lever all the way down. Hand Signal —— extend your left hand and arm straight out of the driver’s side window. Right TurnRight Turn Vehicle Signal —— move the signal lever all the way up. Hand Signal —— extend your left arm out the driver’s side window and bend it at the elbow so that your left hand points upward at a 90 degree angle. When you make a turn you must signal your intentions, whetherWhen you make a turn you must signal your intentions, whether using hand or vehicle signals, 100 feet or 4 seconds before turning.using hand or vehicle signals, 100 feet or 4 seconds before turning. Topic 4 Lesson 3 For more information on turning, see Module 4 Topic 3
  55. 55. Stopping, Standing, ParkingStopping, Standing, Parking • Legal ProhibitionsLegal Prohibitions • DisabilitiesDisabilities • Unattended VehicleUnattended Vehicle • Parallel to CurbParallel to Curb • HillsHills • LeavingLeaving • CoastingCoasting T – 1.37 Topic 4 Lesson 3 For more information on parking see Module 4 Topic 5 What Can You Tell Me About:
  56. 56. • Speed and DistanceSpeed and Distance • 2-3 Seconds Interval2-3 Seconds Interval • 4 or More Second Interval4 or More Second Interval • Adjusting SpeedAdjusting Speed T – 1.38 SpeedSpeed Topic 4 Lesson 3 You Can Control Speed if You Understand:
  57. 57. Type of Highway or zone Limit Interstate highways in designated rural areas 65 MPH Interstate highways in areas not designated as rural 55 MPH Limited access and non-limited access highways 55 MPH Secondary routes which include all public roads and streets not designated as part of the interstate or primary system 55 MPH School, business and residential zones 25 MPH You are required to travel 25 MPH in a school zone only when indicated by a sign or signal. Otherwise, maintain the posted speed. Maximum speed limit for passenger vehicles and motorcycles (unless otherwise posted) Speed LimitsSpeed Limits Topic 4 Lesson 3 T – 1.39 • Urban AreasUrban Areas • Rural InterstateRural Interstate • Urban InterstateUrban Interstate • School ZonesSchool Zones
  58. 58. HeadlightsHeadlights • Daytime Running Lights?Daytime Running Lights? • When to Use Headlights?When to Use Headlights? • High Beam Headlights?High Beam Headlights? • When to Use Parking Lights?When to Use Parking Lights? • Emergency Lights?Emergency Lights? T – 1.40 Topic 4 Lesson 3 What Do You Know About:

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