Environmental Health Programs


Published on

This is for NSTP-CWTS 2 students of UERMMMC-CN only

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Environmental Health Programs

  1. 1. Environmental Health Programs (RP-DOH) and Facts about Healthy Environments UERMMMC NSTP – CWTS II November 30, 2008
  2. 2. Environmental Health-DOH <ul><li>Concerned with preventing illness through managing the environment and by changing people's behavior to reduce exposure to biological and non-biological agents of disease and injury.  </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned primarily with effects of the environment to the health of the people. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Program Strategies & Activities <ul><li>Focused on environmental sanitation, environmental health impact assessment and occupational health through inter-agency collaboration.  </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-Agency Committee on Environmental Health ( E.O. 489) - facilitate and improve coordination among concerned agencies for technical collaboration, effective monitoring and communication, resource mobilization, policy review and development.  </li></ul><ul><li>The Committee has five sectoral task forces on water, solid waste, air, toxic and chemical substances and occupational health. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vision-Mission-Goal <ul><li>Vision: Health Settings for All Filipinos </li></ul><ul><li>Mission: </li></ul><ul><li>Provide leadership in ensuring health settings </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of environmental and occupational related diseases, disabilities and deaths through health promotion and mitigation of hazards and risks in the environment and workplaces. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Environmental Health Program <ul><li>Environmental Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>It is the prevention and control of diseases by eliminating or controlling the environmental factors which may form links in disease transmission . </li></ul><ul><li>It is the study of all factors in man’s physical environment which may exercise a deleterious effect on his health, well-being and survival. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Importance of Environmental Sanitation <ul><ul><ul><li>It promotes health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It prevents disease transmission </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It eliminates breeding places of insects and rodents that may be carrier of diseases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It improves the quality of life </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Environmental Health Programs <ul><li>Components of Environmental Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Water Supply Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Solid Waste Management </li></ul><ul><li>Food Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Insect and Vermin Control </li></ul><ul><li>Excreta and Sewerage Disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Housing and Public Places Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital Waste Management </li></ul>
  8. 8. Environmental Health Services (EHS) <ul><li>Water Supply Sanitation (Based on PD 856 of 1998): </li></ul><ul><li>Level I (Point Source) – protected well or developed spring with an outlet but without a distribution system (15-25 HH; not more than 250 meters from the farthest user; 40-140 liters per minute) </li></ul><ul><li>Level II (Communal Faucet System or Stand-Post) – system composed of reservoir, piped distribution network and communal faucets (located not more than 25 meters from the farthest house) </li></ul><ul><li>Level III (Waterworks system or Individual House Connections) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Environmental Health Service (EHS) <ul><ul><li>RHU – should come up with operational plan and solicits help from EHS if necessary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Standard for Drinking Water set by DOH should be the framework of all efforts in water sanitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water examination should only be done by DOH and accredited private entities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation of bottled water distribution especially in densely populated areas </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Environmental Health Service (EHS) <ul><li>Excreta and Sewage Disposal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Toilet Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Level I – non-water carriage toilet facility (pit latrines, cat-hole method); toilet requiring small amount of water (pour-flush toilet and aqua privies) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Level II – on-site toilet facilities of the water carriage type with water sealed or flush type with septic tank disposal facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Level III – water carriage types of toilet facilities connected to septic tank and/or sewage system to treatment plant </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Environmental Health Service (EHS) <ul><li>Food Sanitation Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspection/approval of all food sources, containers and transport vehicle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance to Sanitary Permit requirements for all food establishments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provision of updated health certificate for food handlers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destruction or banning of food unfit for human consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training of food handlers and operators on food sanitation </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Environmental Health Service (EHS) <ul><li>Food Establishment shall be rated and classified as follows: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Class A – Excellent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class B – Very satisfactory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class C – Satisfactory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regulation of ambulant food vendors </li></ul><ul><li>Household food sanitation (through IEC activities) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Environmental Health Service (EHS) <ul><li>Hospital Waste Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All newly constructed/authorized and existing government and private hospitals shall prepare and implement HWM Program as a requirement of registration/renewal of licenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The use of appropriate technology and indigenous resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training of all hospital personnel on HWM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public information campaign on health hazards and nosocomial infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incinerators should not be used anymore (Clean Air Act) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. 10 Facts on Preventing Disease through Healthy Environments (WHO, 2008) <ul><li>Environmental hazards = responsible for about 25% of the total burden of disease worldwide, and nearly 35% in regions such as sub-Saharan Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>As many as 13 million deaths can be prevented every year by making our environments healthier. </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental factors have high impact on public health. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 10 Facts… <ul><li>Fact 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Worldwide, 13 million deaths could be prevented every year by making our environments healthier. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact 2 </li></ul><ul><li>In children under the age of five, one third of all disease is caused by the environmental factors such as unsafe water and air pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Every year, the lives of four million children under 5 years – mostly in developing countries – could be saved by preventing environmental risks such as unsafe water and polluted air. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact 4 </li></ul><ul><li>In developing countries, the main environmentally caused diseases are diarrhoeal disease, lower respiratory infections, unintentional injuries, and malaria. </li></ul>
  16. 16. 10 Facts… <ul><li>Fact 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Better environmental management could prevent 40% of deaths from malaria, 41% of deaths from lower respiratory infections, and 94% of deaths from diarrhoeal disease – three of the world's biggest childhood killers. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact 6 </li></ul><ul><li>In the least developed countries, one third of death and disease is a direct result of environmental causes. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact 7 </li></ul><ul><li>In developed countries, healthier environments could significantly reduce the incidence of cancers, cardiovascular diseases, asthma, lower respiratory infections, musculoskeletal diseases, road traffic injuries, poisonings, and drownings. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental factors influence 85 out of the 102 categories of diseases and injuries listed in The world health report. </li></ul>
  17. 17. 10 Facts… <ul><li>Fact 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Much of this death, illness and disability could be prevented through well targeted interventions such as promoting safe household water storage, better hygiene measures and the use of cleaner and safer fuels. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Other interventions that can make environments healthier include: increasing the safety of buildings; promoting safe, careful use and management of toxic substances at home and in the workplace; and better water resource management. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>The End </li></ul>References: Department of Health-Republic of the Philippines. (2006). Environmental health . Retrieved Dec. 14, 2007 from http://www.doh.gov.ph/programs/environmental_health . World Health Organization. (2008). Ten facts on preventing disease through healthy environments. Retrieved December 19, 2007 from http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/environmental_health/en/index.html .