Mongol's Yuan Dynasty vs. Japan's Samurai

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The Yuan Dynasty of China was an era in which China was ruled by a foreign power, the Mongols. Despite common perceptions of what the Mongols were like, art, literature, drama, and architectural marvels were abundant during their rule. Many of China’s greatest literary works, dramatic plays, and the Forbidden City were all constructs of the Yuan Dynasty. Also, their attempted invasions of Japan brought significant changes in the Japanese society and its view of outsiders. It is important for students to having a working knowledge of how feudal Japan was organized compared to European feudalism, the role of the Samurai and the code they lived by that endured with the soldiers who fought in World War II, and unique culture that survived after the Mongol attacks.

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Mongol's Yuan Dynasty vs. Japan's Samurai

  1. 1. Bell Work Create a K/W/L Chart. Write your name and period on top. Then write a line for “Topic” underneath your name. Lastly, make 3 columns – one with “K” above it, one with “W” above it, and one with “L” above it.
  2. 2. Mongol’s Yuan Dynasty vs. Japan’s Samurai
  3. 3. Genghis Khan born “Timuchin” Genghis Khan means Universal Ruler  Genghis Khan united Mongols  Mongols from nomadic tribes  Mongol Empire largest ever  Mongols fought on horseback  Mongol Horde great army  Mongols conquered fast  Effective rulers of conquered  
  4. 4. When the Mongols invade China under the leadership of Genghis Khan they do not take all of China. They stop after taking only the northern half and then look westward. Using a mounted army of 50,000 warriors they move quickly… often more quickly than news of their approach. The army moves up to 300
  5. 5. Several Khans ruled after the death of Genghis Khan, but were more interested in expanding westward. Then Genghis Khans grandson, Kublai Khan took control and set his sights on the Southern Song Dynasty. In 1264, he moved the imperial capital to Beijing, or Dadu as it was known at the time. Finally, in 1279, the Mongols successfully captured Hangzhou, the capital of Southern Song, and took the imperial family into captivity. This began the Yuan Dynasty. It lasted 98 years and 11 Emperors. 
  6. 6. Mongol Empire Fractures
  7. 7. 1. 2. 3. 4. Mongols installed a rigid class system Art, drama, and literature flourished Yuan Dynasty built The Forbidden City Marco Polo visited during Yuan Dynasty 5. Invaded Japan twice
  8. 8. 1. 2. 3. 4. Mongols Non-Chinese Central Asians and Europeans Northern Chinese & Manchus Southern Song and other ethnic Chinese.
  9. 9. Mongols refused to grant educated Chinese a seat in the government,.  Chinese intellectuals created great, timeless works of art, music, and literature, which flourished during the Yuan Dynasty. 
  10. 10.       Located in center of Beijing (Dadu) 9999.5 Rooms – ½ room because Heaven has 10,000 rooms and nothing on Earth could equal Heaven 9 Palaces Massive parade grounds Mongol tents & horses filled parade grounds Used after Yuan for all later dynasty palace
  11. 11. Wrote The Travels of Marco Polo and met with Kublai Khan
  12. 12. Watch the video of Kublai Khan’s two invasions of Japan, and think about what happened in the first invasion, what happened in the second invasion, and what famous word comes from the second invasion?  List 1 question you want to know about that the video doesn’t answer about medieval Japan or the Samurai. 
  13. 13. Samurai Swastika? The swastika, which is a symbol that was stolen by Adolf Hitler of Nazi Germany in World War II, actually is a Buddhist symbol for eternal life.
  14. 14.       Feudalism system similar to Medieval Europe Emperor considered divine, but Shogun ruled Samurai, the warrior class, were at the top of social classes. Just below the samurai on the social ladder were the farmers or Peasants. Artisans were next, considered less important than the farmers. The bottom rung of feudal Japanese society was occupied by Merchants, who were considered “parasites”
  15. 15. Japan’s Power Pyramid
  16. 16.   Even after the Samurai were gone in “modern” Japan, Samurai code of conduct called Bushido was followed by Japanese soldiers in war – better to die than be captured or lose in battle. Most famous were Kamikaze pilots in WWII
  17. 17. China Yuan Dynasty Kublai Khan Forbidden City Marco Polo 4 Classes Japan Feudalism Shogun Samurai Kamikaze 4 Castes

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