The Yuan Dynasty of China was an era in which China was ruled by a foreign power, the Mongols. Despite common perceptions of what the Mongols were like, art, literature, drama, and architectural marvels were abundant during their rule. Many of China’s greatest literary works, dramatic plays, and the Forbidden City were all constructs of the Yuan Dynasty. Also, their attempted invasions of Japan brought significant changes in the Japanese society and its view of outsiders. It is important for students to having a working knowledge of how feudal Japan was organized compared to European feudalism, the role of the Samurai and the code they lived by that endured with the soldiers who fought in World War II, and unique culture that survived after the Mongol attacks.