GO UP TO THE FRONT & TRY MEDIEVAL FOOD!
There’s grain bread, dried fish, and fruit.
They drank beer or wine instead of water.
You can’t have that though!
FEUDALISM & LIFE IN THE MIDDLE AGES
“The First Great Pyramid Scam”
WHAT IS FEUDALISM?
A social system that existed during the Middle
Ages in which people worked and fought for
nobles who gave them protection and the use
of land in return. In turn the nobles promised
loyalty to and provided troops for the king in
exchange for lands in the kingdom.
We talked about feudalism during the “Warring
States Period” right before Qin Shihuang Di
became Emperor in China in the Qin Lesson
We talked about feudalism in medieval Japan
when the Samurai were at the top of the social
classes in the Mongol vs. Samurai Lesson
We talked about feudalism in Europe when we
defined “Feudalism” in both lessons
FEUDAL SYSTEM COMPARISON
What is it?
“Lord, Duke, Count”
ANOTHER WAY EUROPE WAS DIVIDED
“The Three Estates”
“The Three Estates”
Technological Advances In The Middle Ages
1. The Iron Plough
2. Rotating fields in the 3-field system
3. Horse collar and horse shoes
1. Spinning wheel for making cloth
2. Hour glass
3. Blast furnace for smelting IRON
MEDIEVAL KNIGHTS IN EUROPE
European knights were generally mounted soldiers and were assisted by a squire.
They fought with lance and sword, usually on horseback, using the horse as a
weapon as well. Medieval Knights followed the Code of Chivalry.
The Samurai – The Knights of Japan
Samurai means “to serve” and they followed the code “Bushido”
The Shogun was “King”, the Daimyo were “Nobles”, and regular
Samurai were “Knights” if compared to Europe’s titles.
“Daily Life Of A Peasant History Claymation”
Students - the rest of the lesson you will be
comparing your life to that of a commoner,
in particular, a Peasant in Medieval Europe.
Watch the video to get an idea of what a
Peasant’s life was like and feel free to sing!
HOW WOULD YOUR LIFE BE IF YOU LIVED IN THE
In the Middle Ages most people had only 1 or 2 changes of clothes – usually wool.
WHO’S GOT THE MONEY?
The top 20% of Americans control about 93% of
the wealth in the United States.
The top 20% in medieval Europe included the
King, Lords, Knights, the Clergy (the Catholic
church), and the wealthiest of merchants - they
controlled nearly ALL the wealth in Europe. There
was a small number of craftsmen and merchants
who controlled some wealth, but nearly all farmers
did not own their own land and worked for a Lord.
HOW MUCH WORK TO LIVE?
the modern United States it takes
about 80 days of work on average for a
person to pay their rent and taxes for a
In the Middle Ages it took about 60 days
of work in the worst situations to pay the
lord of the castle his share of your crop
before you kept the rest for yourself
HOLIDAYS… OR HOLY-DAYS
In the modern United States there are 10
public holidays that we are exempt from
work due to federal law.
In the Middle Ages the Catholic Church
demanded attendance and no work on 80
Holy Days, or holidays.
LIFESPAN & HEALTH
In the modern world you can expect to live
about 80 years. Most common cause of
death is heart disease or cancer.
In the Middle Ages life expectancy averaged
at about 30 years. Most common cause of
death was infection, disease, or violence.
MARRIAGE & CHILDBIRTH
In the modern world the average age to wed is
between 27 and 29, and women usually have their
first child at around 25. We pick who to marry.
In the Middle ages the average age to wed was 12
to 16 depending upon one’s social standing and
the country one lived in, and women usually had
their first child at around age 16. Often, especially
amongst the nobility, marriages were arranged by
the parents and were planned from birth.
WHAT TO DO FOR FUN?
Modern kids keep busy mostly with TV, videos, video
games, computers, sports, recorded music, the mall,
cell phones, board games, reading, and public
school. Your entertainment is only limited by your
Medieval kids worked part-time, and for fun
competed in sports, played dolls, played hoops,
dancing and music was important, story-telling was
popular, and they played games like chess, “merels”,
dice, and other games. Kids had to use their
imagination to keep entertained…
THANK YOU STUDENTS!
Thank you students for letting me teach you
all and being such respectful, thoughtful, and
engaged learners. I wish you all the best in
your future goals! I’m sure there are going to
be great success stories to be told by all of
you! Good luck in college or trade school.
Since some of you asked, you’ll get to enjoy
some of the music I made while you play the
game Merels after your quiz!
A game of logic & strategy!
It’s like Tic-Tac-Toe!
You want to get 3 in a row!
LET’S PLAY A GAME! - MERELS
RULES FOR PLAYING MERELS
Watch the video to get the rules to play. Remember each
person starts with 9 pieces and takes turns placing or
moving 1 piece at a time on the board. The object is to
get 3 of your pieces in a row, which is called a “Mill” and
means you get to take 1 of your opponent’s pieces from
the board to keep. When one person only has 2 pieces
left, they lose and the game is over! Now it is called
“Nine Man’s Morris”.