Feudalism and Life in the Middle Ages


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"The 1st great pyramid scam!"

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Feudalism and Life in the Middle Ages

  1. 1. GO UP TO THE FRONT & TRY MEDIEVAL FOOD! There’s grain bread, dried fish, and fruit. They drank beer or wine instead of water. You can’t have that though!
  2. 2. FEUDALISM & LIFE IN THE MIDDLE AGES “The First Great Pyramid Scam”
  3. 3. WHAT IS FEUDALISM?  A social system that existed during the Middle Ages in which people worked and fought for nobles who gave them protection and the use of land in return. In turn the nobles promised loyalty to and provided troops for the king in exchange for lands in the kingdom.
  4. 4. REMEMBER! We talked about feudalism during the “Warring States Period” right before Qin Shihuang Di became Emperor in China in the Qin Lesson  We talked about feudalism in medieval Japan when the Samurai were at the top of the social classes in the Mongol vs. Samurai Lesson  We talked about feudalism in Europe when we defined “Feudalism” in both lessons 
  5. 5. Medieval Japan’s Feudal System
  6. 6. Medieval Europe’s Feudal System
  7. 7. FEUDAL SYSTEM COMPARISON Europe What is it? Japan Pope Religious Leader Emperor Monarch “King” Shogun Nobles “Lord, Duke, Count” Daimyo Knights “Soldier” Samurai Merchants Highest Commoner Peasants Craftsmen Second Commoner Artisan Peasants Lowest Class Merchants
  8. 8. ANOTHER WAY EUROPE WAS DIVIDED “The Three Estates” “The Three Estates”
  10. 10. Technological Advances In The Middle Ages Agricultural Developments: 1. The Iron Plough 2. Rotating fields in the 3-field system 3. Horse collar and horse shoes Other Developments: 1. Spinning wheel for making cloth 2. Hour glass 3. Blast furnace for smelting IRON
  11. 11. MEDIEVAL KNIGHTS IN EUROPE European knights were generally mounted soldiers and were assisted by a squire. They fought with lance and sword, usually on horseback, using the horse as a weapon as well. Medieval Knights followed the Code of Chivalry.
  12. 12. The Samurai – The Knights of Japan Samurai means “to serve” and they followed the code “Bushido” The Shogun was “King”, the Daimyo were “Nobles”, and regular Samurai were “Knights” if compared to Europe’s titles.
  13. 13. “Daily Life Of A Peasant History Claymation”  Students - the rest of the lesson you will be comparing your life to that of a commoner, in particular, a Peasant in Medieval Europe. Watch the video to get an idea of what a Peasant’s life was like and feel free to sing!   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IImsNseoM4
  14. 14. HOW WOULD YOUR LIFE BE IF YOU LIVED IN THE MIDDLE AGES? In the Middle Ages most people had only 1 or 2 changes of clothes – usually wool.
  15. 15. WHO’S GOT THE MONEY? The top 20% of Americans control about 93% of the wealth in the United States.  The top 20% in medieval Europe included the King, Lords, Knights, the Clergy (the Catholic church), and the wealthiest of merchants - they controlled nearly ALL the wealth in Europe. There was a small number of craftsmen and merchants who controlled some wealth, but nearly all farmers did not own their own land and worked for a Lord. 
  16. 16. HOW MUCH WORK TO LIVE?  In the modern United States it takes about 80 days of work on average for a person to pay their rent and taxes for a year.  In the Middle Ages it took about 60 days of work in the worst situations to pay the lord of the castle his share of your crop before you kept the rest for yourself
  17. 17. HOLIDAYS… OR HOLY-DAYS  In the modern United States there are 10 public holidays that we are exempt from work due to federal law. In the Middle Ages the Catholic Church demanded attendance and no work on 80 Holy Days, or holidays. 
  18. 18. LIFESPAN & HEALTH   In the modern world you can expect to live about 80 years. Most common cause of death is heart disease or cancer. In the Middle Ages life expectancy averaged at about 30 years. Most common cause of death was infection, disease, or violence.
  19. 19. MARRIAGE & CHILDBIRTH In the modern world the average age to wed is between 27 and 29, and women usually have their first child at around 25. We pick who to marry.   In the Middle ages the average age to wed was 12 to 16 depending upon one’s social standing and the country one lived in, and women usually had their first child at around age 16. Often, especially amongst the nobility, marriages were arranged by the parents and were planned from birth.
  20. 20. WHAT TO DO FOR FUN?  Modern kids keep busy mostly with TV, videos, video games, computers, sports, recorded music, the mall, cell phones, board games, reading, and public school. Your entertainment is only limited by your wallet. Medieval kids worked part-time, and for fun competed in sports, played dolls, played hoops, dancing and music was important, story-telling was popular, and they played games like chess, “merels”, dice, and other games. Kids had to use their imagination to keep entertained… 
  21. 21. THANK YOU STUDENTS! Thank you students for letting me teach you all and being such respectful, thoughtful, and engaged learners. I wish you all the best in your future goals! I’m sure there are going to be great success stories to be told by all of you! Good luck in college or trade school. Since some of you asked, you’ll get to enjoy some of the music I made while you play the game Merels after your quiz!
  22. 22. A game of logic & strategy! It’s like Tic-Tac-Toe! You want to get 3 in a row! LET’S PLAY A GAME! - MERELS
  23. 23. RULES FOR PLAYING MERELS Watch the video to get the rules to play. Remember each person starts with 9 pieces and takes turns placing or moving 1 piece at a time on the board. The object is to get 3 of your pieces in a row, which is called a “Mill” and means you get to take 1 of your opponent’s pieces from the board to keep. When one person only has 2 pieces left, they lose and the game is over! Now it is called “Nine Man’s Morris”. http://www.raftbayarea.org/ideas/Nine%20Mens%20Morr is.pdf