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Animation multimédia : enjeux & perspectives - CNFPT Bretagne Sept 2009

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Formation "Utiliser le multimédia dans un projet d'animation" - CNFPT Bretagne Vannes - Septembre 2009 - Enjeux et prospective : de la fracture numérique aux Espaces Publics Numériques 2.0 - Philippe Cazeneuve (Savoir en actes)

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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Animation multimédia : enjeux & perspectives - CNFPT Bretagne Sept 2009

  1. 1. Utiliser le multimédia dans un projet d'animation CNFPT Bretagne - Vannes – Septembre 2009 Enjeux et prospective : de la fracture numérique aux EPN 2.0 Philippe Cazeneuve (Savoir en actes - Oxalis-scop)‏ www.savoirenactes.fr
  2. 2. Les EPN ont été créés pour lutter contre la fracture numérique Photo : ATD Quart-Monde
  3. 3. Réduire la fracture numérique ? <ul><li>Un concept dérivé d’un thème de campagne </li></ul><ul><li>Qui présuppose un « corps social » unique </li></ul><ul><li>Qui ignore l’existence de forces antagonistes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Les muscles antagonistes assurent l'équilibre en mouvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Le rôle des corps intermédiaires (articulations) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pour réduire la fracture, il faut : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radiographier et localiser avec précision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>... Sous peine de se contenter de faire du replâtrage ! </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Digital Divide Bridge the gap Photo CC By-Nc-Sa Rohit Mattoo sur FlickR
  5. 5. … ou franchir le fossé numérique ? <ul><li>Digital divide => fossé numérique </li></ul><ul><li>Evoque un phénomène ancien et évolutif </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creusé par l’érosion séculaire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large ou étroit selon les endroits, se déplace avec le temps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Les solutions : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Il ne s'agit pas de combler le fossé ... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>... Mais de construire des passerelles ( bridge the gap )‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Le fossé à une fonction défensive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Permet de vivre tranquillement à l'abri comme sur une île </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Certains écarts se sont réduits ... Photo : Shibboleth - Doris Salcedo (Tate Modern Gallery) vue sur le blog de Kate Zarvis
  7. 7. Equipement des foyers français Ordinateurs & Internet <ul><li>70 % des français équipés d'ordinateurs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>92 % des adolescents (12-17 ans) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 personnes sur 10 équipées d'ordinateurs portables </li></ul></ul><ul><li>60 % des français connectés à internet chez eux </li></ul><ul><ul><li>89 % des adolescents (12-17 ans) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>96 % des personnes connectées le sont en « haut débit » </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dont un tiers ne sont pas satisfaits du débit. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>4 personnes sur 10 n'ont pas internet à la maison </li></ul>Source : CREDOC, Enquête « Conditions de vie et Aspirations des Français », Juin 2008.
  8. 8. ... mais le fossé numérique existe toujours !
  9. 9. Disparités d'équipement Internet à domicile
  10. 10. Usages de la population française Ordinateurs & Internet <ul><li>  (population de plus de 12 ans)   </li></ul><ul><li>62 % de la population utilise un ordinateur au moins une fois par semaine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>51 % tous les jours. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>63 % a utilisé internet durant l'année passée. </li></ul><ul><li>1 personne sur 3 n'utilise pas internet et jamais ou rarement un ordinateur </li></ul>Source : CREDOC, Enquête « Conditions de vie et Aspirations des Français », Juin 2008.
  11. 11. Disparités de la pratique d'internet Fréquence de connexion
  12. 12. Un fossé d'éducation, de revenus et de générations <ul><li>  Les critères discriminants pour expliquer les différences d'usage </li></ul><ul><li>1- Education & catégorie socio-professionnelle </li></ul><ul><li>2- Niveau de revenus </li></ul><ul><li>3- Age </li></ul>
  13. 13. Disparités de la pratique de l'ordinateur selon le niveau d'instruction
  14. 14. Disparités de la pratique de l'ordinateur selon l'âge
  15. 15. Qui sont les non-internautes aujourd'hui ? <ul><li>Laborde A. et Soubiale N. , Non-Internautes Aquitains , juin 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>AWT , « Usages TIC 2007 des citoyens wallons », juillet 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Boutet A. et Trémenbert J. , Identifier les non-usagers et mieux comprendre les situations de non-usages , août 2008. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Les publics les plus éloignés     - Plus de 55 ans - Ceux qui n'ont pas de diplôme du secondaire - Femmes n’ayant jamais travaillé - Chômeurs longue durée, Bénéficiaires des minima sociaux - Travailleurs handicapés - Femmes seules avec enfants à charge - Salariés peu qualifiés, fragilisés dans leur emploi par la généralisation des TIC
  17. 17. Des non-usagers réfractaires ? <ul><li>Ce qui pourrait les inciter à fréquenter un point d'accès public : </li></ul><ul><li>1- gratuité </li></ul><ul><li>2- proximité </li></ul><ul><li>3- assistance humaine </li></ul><ul><li>Les non-internautes </li></ul><ul><li>trouvent internet : </li></ul><ul><li>1- Trop compliqué (31 %)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>2- Inutile (22 %)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>3- Trop cher (17 %)‏ </li></ul>
  18. 18. Freins et leviers pour développer les usages
  19. 19. L'utilité précède l'usage <ul><li>  Pour s'approprier une technologie, celle-ci doit pour la personne : </li></ul><ul><li>1- avoir du sens </li></ul><ul><li>2- être utile </li></ul><ul><li>3- être utilisable </li></ul><ul><li>4- apporter une valeur ajoutée </li></ul><ul><li>(D'après Philippe Mallein – Sociologue CNRS)‏ </li></ul>
  20. 20. Médiation : la parole précède la pratique <ul><li>Apprivoiser des technologies étranges ...     </li></ul><ul><li>1- Discuter : faire émerger les questions, les peurs, ... </li></ul><ul><li>2- Montrer : “ A quoi cela peut servir ?” ... </li></ul><ul><li>3- Former : pratique selon une progression adaptée. </li></ul><ul><li>4- Personnaliser : réinvestir les apprentissages dans une pratique personnelle. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Etre connecté à internet via ses proches ( « proxies » )
  22. 22. Accès public à Internet en France <ul><li>11 % des internautes connectés depuis un lieu public </li></ul><ul><li>(epn, cybercafés, bibliothèques ...)‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 adolescent sur 5 se connecte depuis un lieu public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 usagers sur 3 déjà connectés (maison, travail, lieu d'études)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Une capacité d'accueil insuffisante </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.500 EPN peuvent accueillir 2 % de la population française </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 ordinateur connecté en accès public pour 430 personnes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>la Solidarité numérique de proximité </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1personne sur 4 s'est déjà connectée chez des amis, voisins, famille </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Espace public numérique ou cybercafé privé ? <ul><li>Des missions d'utilité publique : </li></ul><ul><li>Espaces d'échange et de convivialité dans les quartiers ou villages enclavés. </li></ul><ul><li>Services de proximité rendus même sans rentabilité économique. </li></ul><ul><li>Lieux-ressources pour l'émergence de projets. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Une “auto-école” de l'information ? <ul><li>Un lieu d' Education aux médias </li></ul><ul><li>L' accompagnement et la médiation = clé du succès. </li></ul><ul><li>Participer à la Société de l'information = capacité à écrire, publier, s'exprimer, communiquer et exercer son regard critique. </li></ul><ul><li>Etre producteur d'infos et pas seulement consommateur </li></ul>
  25. 25. Evitons le 100% numérique ! <ul><li>Les outils ne sont qu'un moyen : L’enjeu est l’accès à l’information, aux services, à l'emploi ... </li></ul><ul><li>Préserver les modes multiples d’accès à l’information et aux services (téléphone, courrier, guichet, mail, site web, ...)‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Une administration plus efficace et plus humaine : « moins de paperasses », plutôt qu'une « Administration électronique ». </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lutter contre l'exclusion, c'est préserver et garantir à chacun le droit de ne pas utiliser les TIC . </li></ul>
  26. 26. Des Espaces publics numériques 2.0 ?

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