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Virgílio Vargas Presentations / CloudViews.Org - Cloud Computing Conference 2009


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Virgílio Vargas Presentations / CloudViews.Org - Cloud Computing Conference 2009

  1. 1. Cloud Computing Expanding IT flexibility and agility Virgílio Vargas IBM [email_address]
  2. 2. A Crisis of Complexity. The Need for Progress is Clear. 85% idle In distributed computing environments, up to 85% of computing capacity sits idle. Explosion of information driving 54% growth in storage shipments every year. 1.5x 70¢ per $1 70% on average is spent on maintaining current IT infrastructures versus adding new capabilities.
  3. 3. What is Cloud Computing? IBM Confidential Banking Retail IT <ul><li>Self-Service </li></ul><ul><li>Economies of Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Advancement </li></ul><ul><li>A user experience and a business model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardized offerings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapidly provisioned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibly priced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ease of access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An infrastructure management and services delivery method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtualized resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managed as a single large resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivering services with elastic scaling </li></ul></ul>Similar to Banking ATMs and Retail Point of Sale, Cloud is Driven by:
  4. 4. The layers of IT Services in cloud computing Infrastructure as a Service Platform as a Service High Volume Transactions Software as a Service Servers Networking Storage Middleware Collaboration Business Processes CRM/ERP/HR Industry Applications Data Center Fabric Shared virtualized, dynamic provisioning Database Web 2.0 Application Runtime Java Runtime Development Tooling
  5. 5. An effective Cloud Computing deployment is built on a Dynamic Infrastructure and is highly optimized to achieve more with less…. = CLOUD COMPUTING … leveraging virtualization, standardization and automation to free up operational budget for new investment. VIRTUALIZATION + STANDARDIZATION AUTOMATION + Increased Flexibility Reduced Cost
  6. 6. A dynamic infrastructure provides the foundation for effective cloud services delivery <ul><li>Cloud Services Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Elastic Scaling </li></ul><ul><li>Rapidly provisioned </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of use </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized offerings </li></ul>Required Infrastructure Characteristics for effective Cloud Delivery <ul><ul><li>Open standards-based, service-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced virtualization and automated mgmt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common components and processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced security and resiliency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use service catalog </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The future: Three co-existing delivery models <ul><ul><li>Mission Critical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Packaged Apps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Compliancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developer Platform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variable Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software as a Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Hosting </li></ul></ul>Service Integration Service Integration Traditional Enterprise IT Private Cloud Services Services Service Integration Public Clouds Services Hybrid Cloud Enterprise IT portfolio aspects migrating to cloud today:
  8. 8. How can IT manage these challenges? <ul><li>Develop the Cloud architecture and plan </li></ul><ul><li>Implement Security, Audit, and Systems Management Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Use a Service Oriented Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate ROI </li></ul>
  9. 9. Developing the Cloud strategy and implementation plan is the first step for the CIO. <ul><li>Without a strategy, Cloud computing can be a threat to the CIO and the IT team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced control of IT services delivered over the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceived cost gap between a cloud service delivered by providers outside of the IT team and “traditional” services delivered by IT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With a strategy, Cloud computing is a huge opportunity for the CIO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower costs, more responsive IT, optimized delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater range of services and capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater visibility in billing / chargeback to LOBs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better control of the users’ systems, desktops, and services access </li></ul></ul>5 Steps to Cloud based Services IT Roadmap Architecture IT Portfolio and value assessment Enterprise & Public Cloud Mix Implementation Service Definition Tools Service Publishing Tools Service Fulfillment & Config Tools Service Reporting & Analytics Service Planning Role Based Access End Users, Operators Service Catalog Operational Console Cloud Services Cloud Platform Systems Storage Network Computing Infrastructure Platform & Applications Email Bus Apps BPM Sys Mgmt Info Mgmt Web Svr E-Mail, Collaboration Software Development Test and Pre-Production Data Intensive Processing Database ERP Enterprise Private Public Hybrid Trad IT Capital Private Cloud Hybrid Cloud Time Trad IT Rent Financial Workload Custom Standard OSS BSS Infrastructure Platform Software
  10. 10. The IT Transformation Roadmap Simplified Shared Dynamic Consolidate Virtualize Automate <ul><ul><li>Reduce infrastructure complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce staffing requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve business resilience (manage fewer things better) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve operational costs/reduce TCO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove physical resource boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased hardware utilization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allocate less than physical boundary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce hardware costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify deployments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardized Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dramatically reduce deployment cycles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Granular service metering and billing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massively scalable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autonomic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible delivery enables new processes and services </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. An architectural model that includes standards based interfaces is key … Service Creation & Deployment Service Request & Operations Service Provider Service Definition Tools Service Publishing Tools Service Fulfillment & Configuration Tools Service Reporting & Analytics Service Planning Role-based Access End Users, Operators Service Catalog Operational Console Cloud Services Cloud Platform Operational Support Systems (OSS) Business Support Systems (BSS) Infrastructure Services Software Platform Services Application, Process and Information Services Standards Based Interfaces Standards Based Interfaces Standards Based Interfaces
  12. 12. … as well as identifying which aspects of your IT portfolio have an affinity for Cloud. <ul><li>Cloud as a supplement where risk and migration cost may be too high </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transaction processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ERP workloads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly regulated workloads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can be standardized for cloud </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web infrastructure applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development and test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Performance Computing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Made possible by cloud </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High volume, low cost analytics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative Business Networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry scale “smart” applications </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Current IT Services that are adopting cloud models IT Services Service Management Virtualization Physical Layer E-Mail, Collaboration Software Development Test and Pre-Production Data Intensive Processing Information Infrastructure Service Catalog Request UI Operations UI Dynamic Scheduling Monitoring Capacity Planning SLA Virtual Applications & Middleware Virtual Clients Virtual Networks Virtual Storage Virtual Servers IBM & Other Storage Networking System x, BladeCenter IBM System z Power Systems Non-IBM Servers
  14. 14. What IT Services workloads are we seeing move to cloud delivery? Single virtual appliance workloads Test and Pre-production systems Mature packaged offerings, like e-mail and collaboration (see Software development environments Batch processing jobs with limited security requirements Isolated workloads where latency between components is not an issue Storage Solutions/Storage as a Service Backup Solutions/Backup & Restore as a Service Some data intensive workloads if the provider has a cloud storage offering tied to the cloud compute offering 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  15. 15. What IT Services workloads may not be ready for cloud delivery today? <ul><li>Workloads which depend on sensitive data normally restricted to the Enterprise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee Information - Most companies are not ready to move their LDAP server into a public cloud because of the sensitivity of the data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Care Records - May not be ready to move until the security of the cloud provider is well established </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Workloads composed of multiple, co-dependent services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High throughput online transaction processing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Workloads requiring a high level of auditability, accountability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workloads subject to Sarbanes-Oxley, for example </li></ul></ul>Workloads based on 3 rd party software which does not have a virtualization or cloud aware licensing strategy Workloads requiring detailed chargeback or utilization measurement as required for capacity planning or departmental level billing Workloads requiring customization (e.g. customized SaaS)‏ 1 2 3 4 5 6
  16. 16. Develop a roadmap that leverages both public and private cloud computing to support your overall strategy. Fixed Traditional IT Managed Operations Public Cloud Services Private Cloud Services Financial Models Delivery Models Off Premises Shared Variable Off Premises Dedicated On Premises Utility Mixed On Premises
  17. 17. Implement with the focus on the end user experience End Users Service Portal Service Request Catalog <ul><li>Provisioning Engine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workflows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scripts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Optional Service Modules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. Metering/ Usage Billing, Monitoring, etc. </li></ul></ul>Virtualized Cloud Infrastructure <ul><ul><li>Easy to access, easy to use Service Request Catalog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hides underlying complex infrastructure from user and shifts focus to services provided </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables the ability to provide standardized and lower cost services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitates a granular level of services metering and billing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workload standardization eases complexity </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Managing security, audit & compliance, and systems requires technologies for cloud. We Have Control! It’s located at X. It’s stored in server’s Y, Z. We have backups in place. Our admins control access. Our uptime is sufficient. The auditors are happy. Our security team is engaged. Who Has Control? Where is it located? Where is it stored? Who backs it up? Who has access? How resilient is it? How do auditors observe? How does our security team engage? Today ? ? ? ? ? ? Tomorrow
  19. 19. The right systems management software and tools can address these challenges. <ul><ul><li>Computing services running in isolated domains as defined in service catalogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Default encryption of data in motion & at rest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtualized storage for better inventory, control, and tracking of master data </li></ul></ul>Information and Data <ul><ul><li>Autonomous security policies and procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personnel and tools with specialized knowledge of the cloud ecosystem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SLA-backed availability and confidentiality </li></ul></ul>Process & Application <ul><ul><li>Automated provisioning and reclamation of hardened runtime images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic allocation of pooled resources to mission-oriented resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified, built-in security controls </li></ul></ul>Network Server and Endpoint <ul><ul><li>Closer systems coupling for management of physical & logical identity/access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong platform of compute resources with workload-balancing and resiliency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly-fortified physical data centers </li></ul></ul>Physical infrastructure <ul><ul><li>Centralized Identity and Access Control policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well-defined input/output interfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent enrollment, proofing, validation and management of trusted users </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People and Identity </li></ul>
  20. 20. A Service Oriented Architecture complements Cloud … <ul><li>Both require similar capabilities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Architectural and organizational models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimization, Innovation and Value Delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility and Agility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure, reuse and sharing of ‘services’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of Concerns (Requestors, Providers, Creators, Brokers, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved Administration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virtualization at all layers of the architecture </li></ul><ul><li>SOA provides flexibility, reuse, separation of concerns, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Exploit a dynamic and elastic environment to enable innovation and to get optimum use from resources </li></ul>
  21. 21. IBM Research Computing Cloud (RC2) A living lab to advance Research strategies India Zurich Provides self service “on demand” delivery solution for research computing resources <ul><li>Zero touch support for the full life cycle of service delivery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Order creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approval process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail notification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automated provisioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul></ul>Research Compute Cloud (RC2) Watson 1 2
  22. 22. IBM is Focused on Customer-Led Priorities <ul><li>Cloud Consulting </li></ul><ul><li>How can cloud: </li></ul><ul><li>- Improve </li></ul><ul><li>responsiveness? </li></ul><ul><li>- Save me money? </li></ul><ul><li>- Still be secure </li></ul><ul><li>and resilient? </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>How do I: </li></ul><ul><li>- Get started? </li></ul><ul><li>- Where? </li></ul><ul><li>- Measure results? </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud Delivered </li></ul><ul><li>What software? collaboration, business process, applications </li></ul><ul><li>What platform? middleware, database, systems management, tools? </li></ul><ul><li>What Infrastructure? processing, storage, security </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud Enabling Products & Assets </li></ul><ul><li>What do I use to build my own cloud? </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware, Middleware, Management & Billing, Tools, Services </li></ul>
  23. 23. IBM Cloud Computing Leadership Establishing cloud reference architectures Delivering cloud enabling technologies and products Managing cloud computing centers around the world Providing consulting and implementation services for Cloud computing Helping clients speed time to market and reduce costs 1 2 4 3 5
  24. 24. Thank you! For more information, please visit: Or contact me at: [email_address]