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Prof. Pedro Veiga Presentations / CloudViews.Org - Cloud Computing Conference 2009

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Prof. Pedro Veiga Presentations / CloudViews.Org - Cloud Computing Conference 2009

  1. 1. Cloud Computing big view A Revolution or Natural Evolution? Porto, 28 May 2009
  2. 2. A personal and limited perspective
  3. 3. Since 1970 <ul><li>1970 - Central Computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM, CDC, … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1980 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Super-mini computers (VAX, DG) + 10 Mbps Ethernet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Super-computers (CONVEX with 16 CPUs) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1990 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workstations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>X-Terminals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WWW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop PCs / Workstations </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Since 1970 <ul><li>1970 - Central Computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1980 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Mbps Ethernet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic WANs (Bitnet/EARN, NSF-Net, COSINE, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1990 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100 Mbps Ethernet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2, 34, 155 Mbps </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. For 30 years … <ul><li>More CPU power and more CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>More bandwidth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LAN, WAN, … </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 2000 … <ul><li>Cheap and fast CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM – GB </li></ul><ul><li>Disk – 100s GB </li></ul><ul><li>1 Gbps in the LAN </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple 10 Gbps in the WAN </li></ul>
  7. 7. RCTS <ul><li>RCTS (Rede Ciência Tecnologia e Sociedade) </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese NREN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Research and Education Network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Managed by FCCN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundação de direito privado </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Financed by Ministry of Science Technology and Higher Education </li></ul>
  8. 8. FCCN Dark Fibre <ul><li>In operation since 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Lisboa, Coimbra, Aveiro, Porto, Braga </li></ul><ul><li>Aprox. 400km </li></ul><ul><li>In operation since Sep/2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Porto, Viana do Castelo, Valença </li></ul><ul><li>Aprox. 160km </li></ul><ul><li>In operation since Oct/2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Lisboa, Setúbal, Évora, Portalegre, Elvas </li></ul><ul><li>Aprox. 270km </li></ul>
  9. 9. Dark Fibre <ul><li>400 km + 160km </li></ul><ul><ul><li>24 G-652 fibres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>24 G-655 fibres </li></ul></ul><ul><li>270 km </li></ul><ul><ul><li>24 G-652 fibres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>24 G-655 fibres </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Loops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Porto, Aveiro, Coimbra, Leiria </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leased fibre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Braga, Lisboa </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Optical network
  11. 11. Dark Fibre Footprinf Around 84% of Higher Education and R&D community with fibre
  12. 12. Projects <ul><li>e-U Campus Virtual - eduroam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100% coverage of higher education systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VoIP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VoIP networks in all higher education institutions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HD Video-conferencing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CERT.PT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safer Internet Plus </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Projects <ul><li>IPv6 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full dual-stack network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internet video </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broadcast, storage, … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>B-ON – Scientific Digital Library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16.500 scientific magazines in digital format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contract broker </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Nature on the WEB Video broadcast
  15. 15. Grid Computing <ul><li>200 m 2 </li></ul><ul><li>1 Mw </li></ul><ul><li>800 CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>200 CPUs being installed now </li></ul>
  16. 16. Video Content Server
  17. 17. 2000 … <ul><li>Cheap and fast CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM – GB </li></ul><ul><li>Disk – 100s GB </li></ul><ul><li>1 Gbps in the LAN </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple 10 Gbps in the WAN </li></ul><ul><li>The deadlock of Campus Networks  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Gbps to the desktop </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. A Revolution or Natural Evolution?
  19. 19. A Revolution or Natural Evolution? <ul><li>Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>More and more CPUs, Disk capacity, … </li></ul><ul><li>Very high connectivity </li></ul>
  20. 20. Some Challenges <ul><li>Carbon footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Deal with an heterogeneous world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grid Computing, Cloud Computing, … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and security and security </li></ul></ul>

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