Oh For The Loves Of Letters!

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Focus: a) 19th & 20th c. correspondence; b) writing utensils (quills, fountain and ball point pens), c) writing furniture (secretaries, writing boxes, etc.), d) major 19th and 20th c. penmanship styles, e) general physical care of correspondence, f) archival supplies and suppliers. The presentation does not have the accompanied text.

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Oh For The Loves Of Letters!

  1. 1. Collecting and Caring for Personal Correspondence <br />Oh, For the Love of Letters!<br />_________________________________<br />Brad Westwood<br />Collection Development <br />LDS Church History Library<br />brad.westwood@ldschurch.org <br />October 29, 2009<br />
  2. 2. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br /><ul><li>This hands-on seminar for collecting and caring for personal correspondence.
  3. 3. Littera Scripta Manet, Latin for “The Written Word Remains,” taken from the motto of the Worshipful Company of Scriveners (scribes) of the City of London. </li></li></ul><li> * Incite personal collecting * serve as a Primer for collecting* nurture a community of collectors* encourage handwritten correspondence <br />Purpose of this Presentation <br />
  4. 4. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br />Examples of Correspondence –<br />Printed Emails<br />(examples of correspondence are passed around) <br />
  5. 5. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br />1 - LINGO & ORGANIZATIONS <br />(a handout is passed out)<br /><ul><li>A Beginner’s Basic Glossary
  6. 6. General Terms and Concepts
  7. 7. Condition Descriptive Terms
  8. 8. Terms Related to Printing, Illustrations & Writing
  9. 9. Terms About Paper/Stationery
  10. 10. Professional Organizations</li></li></ul><li>Oh For the Love of Letters!<br />2 - Correspondence Accessories <br />* Stationery Wardrobes (different<br />for men and women) <br />* Letters & Envelopes Development <br />* Pens <br />* Postage<br />
  11. 11. Stationery wardrobe (late 19th - mid 20th Century) *A stationer kept on file a client’s individual specifications -- with differing paper sizes and weights, finishes and ink color, typestyle and printing.* Wardrobe includes differences between male or female, formal and informal, for intimate or for a stranger, also business formal and informal<br />Correspondence Accessories<br />
  12. 12. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br />Examples of Correspondence –<br />Stationery Wardrobe <br />(examples of wardrobes are passed around) <br />
  13. 13. Fern letter fold, thanks towww.ghh.com/elf/index.html <br />Correspondence Accessories<br />
  14. 14. Correspondence Accessories<br />writing tools - quills, fountain pens (see below), ball point pens, typewriters and pencils<br />postage -- post marks, seals or adhesive stamps <br />
  15. 15. Pictorial letterheads (created with the advent of Lithography) flourished between 1880s-1940s<br />Correspondence Accessories<br />
  16. 16. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br />3 - 19th and 20th Century Material Culture of Correspondence:<br />furniture, writing utensils, storage and stationery <br />
  17. 17. Abraham Lincoln&apos;s capital bldg. Springfield Illinois <br />Furniture of Correspondence <br />
  18. 18. Civil War Era Secretary Desk and chair,with soft retractable writing slope with correspondence and ledger slots<br />Furniture of Correspondence <br />
  19. 19. desk interior with slots/pigeon holes for folded letters and documents, Ledger or portfolio slots , quill pens in a stand, an ink well and leather writing surface .<br />Furniture of Correspondence<br />
  20. 20. Secretary Desk with book case and document bureau <br />Furniture of Correspondence <br />
  21. 21. Natural, candle & lamp light <br />Furniture of Correspondence <br />
  22. 22. Circa 1860s Document cabinet for folded paper tied with tape (red tape)<br />Furniture of Correspondence<br />
  23. 23. Felt covered table, Correspondence box, oil lamp, pen box and paper<br />Furniture of Correspondence <br />
  24. 24. Cabinet letter file 1898 (from www.officemuseum.com/)<br />Furniture of Correspondence <br />
  25. 25. Vertical letter file and folders 1902 from www.officemuseum.com/<br />Furniture of Correspondence <br />
  26. 26. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br />Examples of Correspondence (examples are passed out)<br />
  27. 27. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br />4 - Penmanship Styles 1840s -2000<br />Spencerian Script (1840-1890s) <br />Palmer Script (1890s – 1960s)<br />Zaner – Blazer Script (1900 – present)<br />Manuscript Script (block) leading <br />to Basic Cursive Script (1920s – 1970s)<br />Typewriting (1900 – present) <br />Freeform and Modern <br />
  28. 28. Spencerian Script (1840-1890s) Promoter: Platt Rogers Spencer<br />Penmanship Styles<br />
  29. 29. Spencerian Script (1840-1890s) <br />Penmanship Styles<br />
  30. 30. Trade mark spencerian script and a Flourish Bird (Ornamental Penmanship)<br />Penmanship Styles<br />
  31. 31. Penmanship Styles<br />
  32. 32. Palmer Script (1890s -1960s)Promoter: Austin Palmer (1860-1927) and sons<br />Penmanship Styles<br />
  33. 33. Penmanship Styles<br />
  34. 34. Zaner and Bloser Scripts (ca. 1904 to the present) <br />Penmanship Styles<br />
  35. 35. Zaner and Bloser Business Educator Feb 1911<br />Penmanship Styles<br />
  36. 36. Zaner and Bloser Script <br />Penmanship Styles <br />
  37. 37. Manuscript Writing (block) (precursor to cursive writing)introduced in 1920s<br />Penmanship Styles <br />
  38. 38. Zaner and Bloser Manuscript script on a porch of st. Francis School (Provo, Utah)<br />Penmanship Styles <br />
  39. 39. IAMPETH is an international, non-profit association dedicated to practicing and preserving the beautiful arts of calligraphy, engrossing and fine penmanship.<br />http://www.iampeth.com/<br />
  40. 40. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br />Examples of Correspondence <br />19th and 20th century pieces <br />
  41. 41. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br />5 - Physical Care & Preservation <br />
  42. 42. Eliminate or lessen fluctuating temperature and humidity.<br />CARE AND PRESERVATION <br />
  43. 43. Store materials as far away as possible from water sources.<br />CARE AND PRESERVATION <br />
  44. 44. Eliminate or lessen light levels (natural or artificial).<br />CARE AND PRESERVATION <br />
  45. 45. USE FOLDERS, INTERLEAVING PAPER or MYLAR INSERTS FOR ENCLOSED OBJECTS, ETC.<br />CARE AND PRESERVATION <br />
  46. 46. Keep materials flat or upright, held up erect, so the materials will not bend or fold.<br />CARE AND PRESERVATION <br />
  47. 47. KEEP EVERYTHING INCLUDED with a LETTER TOGETHER, AS CLOSE AS POSSIBLE to THE ORIGINAL ORDER. respect and protect what is evidentiary.<br />CARE AND PRESERVATION <br />
  48. 48. If you want to scrapbook YOUR CORRESPONDENCE …..<br />CARE AND PRESERVATION <br />
  49. 49. Above all else “do not harm.” <br />CARE AND PRESERVATION <br />
  50. 50. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br />Examples of Correspondence <br />(handed out and described) <br />
  51. 51. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br /> 6 - Recommended Supplies:<br />Folders (regular, acid free, Mylar, archival plastics), containers,<br />presentation folders, portfolios and binders.<br />
  52. 52. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br /> 6 - Recommended Supplies:<br />Metal Edge West (Los Angeles, CA) http://www.metaledgeinc.com/<br />Light Impressions, Inc., (Santa Fe Springs, CA) http://www.lightimpressionsdirect.com/servlet/OnlineShopping<br />
  53. 53. Oh For the Love of Letters!<br />THANK YOU FOR COMING <br />

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