Lecture Notes                          5                                     CancerClassroom Activity to AccompanyDiseases...
Copyright © 2011 by F.A. Davis Company. All rightsreserved. This product is protected by copyright. No part of it may be r...
In the hour of adversity be not without hope, for crystal rain    falls from black clouds.                 —Persian Poem  ...
Cancer• Neoplasm: (tumor) new growth; serves no  useful purpose; uncontrollable and  progressive  • Benign: localized; rar...
Cancer• Which term refers to a neoplasm whose  cells have moved from one place to  another?    1.   Malignant    2.   Beni...
Cancer• Etiology of cancer  • Complex alterations in DNA  • Carcinogens  • Age and genetics  • Compromised immune system  ...
Cancer• Etiology of cancer (cont.)  • Exercise and physical activity  • Environment  • Viruses  • Bacterial infections    ...
Cancer• Classification of cancers  • Carcinoma: solid tumors of epithelial tissue  • Sarcoma: tumors of connective and    ...
Cancer• Diagnosis  • Tumor markers  • Grading: grades I, II, III, IV  • Staging uses TNM classification                   ...
Cancer• Treatment  •   Surgery      • Curative      • Palliative      • Preventative  • Radiation therapy  • Chemotherapy ...
Cancer• Treatment (cont.)  • Immunotherapy (biotherapy)  • Hormonal therapy  • Stem cell and bone marrow transplants  • In...
Cancer• Preventing cancer  •   Refrain from tobacco  •   Practice sun safety  •   Eat healthy  •   Exercise regularly  •  ...
CreditsPublisher: Margaret BiblisAcquisitions Editor: Andy McPheeDevelopmental Editors: Yvonne Gillam, Julie MundenBackgro...
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Session 4: Chapter 5 PowerPoint Presentation

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Session 4: Chapter 5 PowerPoint Presentation

  1. 1. Lecture Notes 5 CancerClassroom Activity to AccompanyDiseases of the Human BodyFifth EditionCarol D. Tamparo Marcia A. Lewis
  2. 2. Copyright © 2011 by F.A. Davis Company. All rightsreserved. This product is protected by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means—electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise— without written permission from the publisher.
  3. 3. In the hour of adversity be not without hope, for crystal rain falls from black clouds. —Persian Poem 3
  4. 4. Cancer• Neoplasm: (tumor) new growth; serves no useful purpose; uncontrollable and progressive • Benign: localized; rarely fatal • Malignant: invasive; grows rapidly • Metastasis: cells move from one place to another 4
  5. 5. Cancer• Which term refers to a neoplasm whose cells have moved from one place to another? 1. Malignant 2. Benign 3. Metastasis 4. In situ 5
  6. 6. Cancer• Etiology of cancer • Complex alterations in DNA • Carcinogens • Age and genetics • Compromised immune system • Body weight and diet 6
  7. 7. Cancer• Etiology of cancer (cont.) • Exercise and physical activity • Environment • Viruses • Bacterial infections 7
  8. 8. Cancer• Classification of cancers • Carcinoma: solid tumors of epithelial tissue • Sarcoma: tumors of connective and supportive tissue • Cancers of blood and lymph 8
  9. 9. Cancer• Diagnosis • Tumor markers • Grading: grades I, II, III, IV • Staging uses TNM classification 9
  10. 10. Cancer• Treatment • Surgery • Curative • Palliative • Preventative • Radiation therapy • Chemotherapy 10
  11. 11. Cancer• Treatment (cont.) • Immunotherapy (biotherapy) • Hormonal therapy • Stem cell and bone marrow transplants • Integrative and complementary therapies 11
  12. 12. Cancer• Preventing cancer • Refrain from tobacco • Practice sun safety • Eat healthy • Exercise regularly • Get vaccinated • Avoid risky behaviors • Practice self-examination and screening 12
  13. 13. CreditsPublisher: Margaret BiblisAcquisitions Editor: Andy McPheeDevelopmental Editors: Yvonne Gillam, Julie MundenBackgrounds: Joseph John Clark, Jr.Production Manager: Sam RondinelliManager of Electronic Product Development: Kirk PedrickElectronic Publishing: Frank MusickThe publisher is not responsible for errors of omission or for consequences from application of information in this presentation,and makes no warranty, expressed or implied, in regard to its content. Any practice described in this presentation should beapplied by the reader in accordance with professional standards of care used with regard to the unique circumstances that mayapply in each situation. 13

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