Lecture Notes                                 3                                      Pain and Its                         ...
Copyright © 2011 by F.A. Davis Company. All rightsreserved. This product is protected by copyright. No part of it may be r...
Hold on, hold on toyourself, for this is gonnahurt like hell.     —Sarah McLachlan                              3
Pain and Its Management• Pain and its treatment models  •   Single-service clinics  •   Pain clinics  •   Multidisciplinar...
Pain and Its Management• Definition of pain  •   Hurting or strong discomfort in some part of the      body caused by inju...
Pain and Its Management• Other types of pain  •   Angina  •   Breakthrough  •   Malignant  •   Phantom limb  •   Psychogen...
Pain and Its Management• Variables of pain  •   Early experience of pain  •   Cultural background  •   Anxiety and depress...
Pain and Its Management• Gate control theory of pain  •   Pain is a balance of information traveling into the      spinal ...
Pain and Its Management• Assessment of pain   • P — Place   • A — Amount   • I — Interactions   • N — Neutralizers        ...
Pain and Its Management• Treatment of pain  • Medications     • Nonprescription drug therapy     • Prescription drug thera...
Pain and Its Management• Complementary therapies used in pain  management  •   Biofeedback  •   Relaxation  •   Imagery  •...
Pain and Its Management• Additional complementary therapies used  in pain management  •   Humor, laughter, play  •   Music...
Pain and Its Management• A pain management treatment from  China and approved by the FDA in 1997  is   1.   Reiki   2.   T...
Credits Publisher: Margaret Biblis Acquisitions Editor: Andy McPhee Developmental Editors: Yvonne Gillam, Julie Munden Bac...
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Session 3: Ch 3 PowerPoint Presentation

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Ch 3: Pain & It's Management

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Session 3: Ch 3 PowerPoint Presentation

  1. 1. Lecture Notes 3 Pain and Its ManagementClassroom Activity to AccompanyDiseases of the Human BodyFifth EditionCarol D. Tamparo Marcia A. Lewis
  2. 2. Copyright © 2011 by F.A. Davis Company. All rightsreserved. This product is protected by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means—electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise— without written permission from the publisher.
  3. 3. Hold on, hold on toyourself, for this is gonnahurt like hell. —Sarah McLachlan 3
  4. 4. Pain and Its Management• Pain and its treatment models • Single-service clinics • Pain clinics • Multidisciplinary pain clinics • Multidisciplinary pain centers 4
  5. 5. Pain and Its Management• Definition of pain • Hurting or strong discomfort in some part of the body caused by injury, disease, or disorder; transmitted through the nervous system• Types of pain • Acute • Chronic • Nociceptive • Neuropathic 5
  6. 6. Pain and Its Management• Other types of pain • Angina • Breakthrough • Malignant • Phantom limb • Psychogenic 6
  7. 7. Pain and Its Management• Variables of pain • Early experience of pain • Cultural background • Anxiety and depression • Age • Sex 7
  8. 8. Pain and Its Management• Gate control theory of pain • Pain is a balance of information traveling into the spinal cord between the large and small nerve fibers • No pain stimulation = no transmission to the brain • With pain stimulation to small nerve fibers, the transmission to the brain is open and pain is felt 8
  9. 9. Pain and Its Management• Assessment of pain • P — Place • A — Amount • I — Interactions • N — Neutralizers 9
  10. 10. Pain and Its Management• Treatment of pain • Medications • Nonprescription drug therapy • Prescription drug therapy • PCA pump • Intrathecal drug therapy • Surgery • Placebos PCA = patient-controlled analgesia. 10
  11. 11. Pain and Its Management• Complementary therapies used in pain management • Biofeedback • Relaxation • Imagery • Hypnosis • TENS • Massage TENS = transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. 11
  12. 12. Pain and Its Management• Additional complementary therapies used in pain management • Humor, laughter, play • Music • Acupuncture • Aromatherapy • Therapeutic touch and Reiki • Yoga 12
  13. 13. Pain and Its Management• A pain management treatment from China and approved by the FDA in 1997 is 1. Reiki 2. TENS 3. Acupuncture 4. Massage FDA = Food and Drug Administration; TENS = transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. 13
  14. 14. Credits Publisher: Margaret Biblis Acquisitions Editor: Andy McPhee Developmental Editors: Yvonne Gillam, Julie Munden Backgrounds: Joseph John Clark, Jr. Production Manager: Sam Rondinelli Manager of Electronic Product Development: Kirk Pedrick Electronic Publishing: Frank Musick The publisher is not responsible for errors of omission or for consequences from application of information in this presentation, and makes no warranty, expressed or implied, in regard to its content. Any practice described in this presentation should be applied by the reader in accordance with professional standards of care used with regard to the unique circumstances that may apply in each situation. 14

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