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Dec cctf


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Recycling program updates to Broward County's Climate Change Task Force 12-2011.

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Dec cctf

  1. 1. Single-Stream Recycling in Broward County: Fall 2011 Update Presented to the Broward County Climate Change Task Force By Phil Bresee, Recycling Program Manager, Broward County December 1, 2011
  2. 2. Background & Overview  Cities provide for “municipal solid waste” (MSW) and recycling collection services  All 31 Broward cities provide some level of residential recycling service  Commercial MSW collected by private haulers – most with exclusive franchise agreements  Large construction and demolition debris collection and processing infrastructure  Broward County’s Solid Waste and Recycling Services (or SWRS – part of Public Works Dept.) administers recyclables processing contract on behalf of 26 Resource Recovery System cities  SWRS manages other programs and services for cities, County agencies, the Broward County School Board  SWRS also collects & analyzes MSW data and trends; responsible for reporting to FDE
  3. 3. Broward County ClimateChange Action Plan Recycling Goals: RZ-2.1: Fully implement single-stream recycling.  To include roll-out carts RZ-2.2: Achieve 50% recycling rate in collaboration with cities.  Implement recycling rewards programs (RecycleBank)  Improve recycling at multifamily communities  Green waste collections from residences  E-Cycling drop-off network  Increase business, institutional and C&D recycling All actions ranked “High” by CCTF.
  4. 4. The Evolution of Curbside Recycling…Photo courtesy of City of Minneapolis
  5. 5. Program Recyclables • Paper - newspaper, inserts, catalogs, magazines, junk mail, office paper, soft-covered books, file folders, soda cartons and flattened cereal, tissue, rice and pasta boxes • Plastic containers – narrow-neck only such as bottles, milk, water, detergent and shampoo containers • Glass - food and beverage containers • Aluminum and steel food and beverage containers • Cardboard - from non-food items such as shipping boxes • Milk/juice cartons and drink boxes
  6. 6. Technology Makes Sorting Possible Materials Recovery Facility (a.k.a. MRFs) technology greatly improved Recyclables processed using screens, trommels, optical sorting, eddy currents, etc. Staff still needed to pull some materials, QA/QC, maintenance, etc. Residue rates decreasing (<10%)
  7. 7. Single-Stream Timeline January 2009 February 2010 Fall 2010 June 2011 MRF contract Hollywood begins Collections Single-stream amendment. Begin single-stream efficiencies grant program workshops for cities recycling with carts workshops for begins RRS cities 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012April 2008 October 2009 March 2010 January 2011Parkland single- Official single- Coconut Creek West Park beginsstream startup stream startup begins single- single-stream stream recycling recycling with carts with carts
  8. 8. Phased-in Approach: MRF contract allows for dual- stream and single-stream recyclables Residents with traditional 2-bin program advised to mix all recyclables in both containers Allows cities and residents flexibility and options Has allowed cities to rebid or renegotiate hauling contracts Program outreach focus on zero- sort vs. cart
  9. 9. Results To Date: All cities collecting recyclables Residential Recyclables Tons Per Year single-stream 80,000 16% increase in residential 70,000 recyclables since FY 2009; further increases in FY 2012 60,000 County agencies and School Board 50,000 recycling programs up by 30% and 25% since FY 2009 40,000 Six cities (70,000+ households) have 30,000 transitioned to automated pickup/roll-out carts 20,000 Recyclables revenues to cities have 10,000 remained stable ($58.50 per ton for 0 FY 2012) FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012* * FY 2012 budget projection
  10. 10. Carts are Key Wheels make it easier to recycle New carts have RFID tags for future Recyclables Per Household Per recycling rewards program (e.g. Year (in lbs.) RecycleBank™) Standard carts (64 or 96 gal.) hold 2-3 x more recyclables than two 18 gallon 450 recycling bins 400 Footprint of carts equal to 18 gallon 350 bin 300 Lids keep materials dry and prevent 250 litter 200 150 Lower collection costs 100 Broward cities with carts are 50 collecting an average of 35% more 0 recyclables Bins programs Carts-based programs
  11. 11. Broward County Resource Recovery SystemRecycling Grants Program Unprecedented $20 million investment for cities from RRS reserves Eligible expenses:  Roll-out carts purchases (direct or through franchise hauler; for single-family and multifamily communities  Program upgrades (e.g. incentive programs, public place recycling)  Capital equipment (trucks, roll- offs, retrofits)  Program outreach  Professional services/reports related to increasing recycling Seven RRS cities have applied for $ to-date $9.1 million as of 12/1/2011 (approximately $7 million towards recycling carts)
  12. 12. What’s Next? 75% Goal Additional 100-120,000 homes move 80% to carts in FY 2012 County developing new Request for 70% Proposal for MRF services. 60% Add additional recyclables Cities can lead through new contract 50% approaches, ordinances, etc. 40%  1x week garbage pickup? 30%  Green waste collection?  “Pay as You Throw”? 20% Change Broward County’s MSW 10% management paradigm Achieve State’s recycling & diversion 0% goals 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020
  13. 13. Closing Thoughts Solid waste’s impact on GHG U.S. GHG Emissions – emissions underestimated… “Systems-Based” Infrastructure Recycling is a “low-hanging fruit” for Other 1% Transport Prov. of Goods GHG reductions: Uses infrastructure 9% 29% already in place… Local Prov. of Transport Food “Gateway” to other positive 15% 13% Building environmental behaviors… HVAC & Lighting 25% Appliances /Devices 8%Contact: prbresee@broward.orgWebsite: 42% of GHG emissions from “stuff”