Indian Energy Sector


Published on

A presentation on opportunities for employment in the Indian Energy Sector. This presentation was given to the final year students of my Alma Matter - Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra (BIT Mesra) during the Silver Jubilee Reunion on 21st November 2008.

Published in: Technology, Business
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Indian Energy Sector

  1. 1. Indian Energy Sector - Opportunities & Careers Pinaki Bhadury
  2. 2. Topics <ul><li>Indian Energy Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of the Indian Energy Sector in the next 3 decades </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Various disciplines and opportunities for employment </li></ul><ul><li>Employment potential </li></ul><ul><li>Career growth prospects </li></ul>
  3. 3. Indian Energy Overview <ul><li>Annual primary energy consumption in India is about 537 MTOe (in 2005), that is 3.5% of world primary energy consumption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Per capita consumption is about 310/KGOE viz of world is 1513/KGOE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>i.e. around 20% of the world standard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>India is the </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd largest consumer of coal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 th largest consumer of oil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>19 th in consumption of natural gas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumption of Energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry is the largest consumer (includes electricity generation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>65% for electricity generation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>35% by non-power sector industries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation follows second </li></ul></ul>Primary Energy Consumption Year : 2005 Source : IEA Data book 2007
  4. 4. Indian Energy Overview <ul><li>Electricity Generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Installed capacity as on 31 September 2008 was 145,440 MW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the year 2007-08 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy generation was 666 Billion units (Twh) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peak Demand deficit was 16.6% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Shortage was 10.3% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Coal is the dominant source, contributing to 53% of the energy generation </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy contributed to 8% of the energy generation, dominated by wind power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8579 MW of Wind Power, 4 th largest in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1406.63 MW of Biomass Power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>87.87 MW of Solar Power </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Future Scenario “ By 2030 around 60 million Indians could still be without power - Electrification drive lags its economic development” International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook 2008: Power addition short of target by two-thirds due to delays in supply of components for thermal projects and non-availability of fuel for nuclear project 10 th November 2008 Availability of adequate manpower: A crucial constraint for India’s capacity addition. India will need additional 13,44,000 skilled and unskilled workforce at the end of 2012 in its Power Sector alone to meet the current addition plan Mr. R V Shahi's (former Power Secretary) Weekly Column for Infraline, August 20, 2007 India will need to import most its energy sources to meet its burgeoning demand for energy in the next 25 years
  6. 6. Future Energy Demand <ul><li>If India needs to sustain a 8% to 10% economic growth rate over the next 25 years and we have to eradicate poverty and meet our human development goals, then we need to, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase our primary energy supply by 3 to 4 times of our 2003-04 levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase our electricity generation capacity/supply by 5 to 6 times of our 2003-04 levels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With 2003-04 as the base, India’s commercial energy supply would need to grow from 5.2% to 6.1% per annum while its total primary energy supply would need to grow at 4.3% to 5.1% annually. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By 2031-32 power generation capacity must increase to nearly 8, 00,000 MW from the current capacity of around 1, 65,000 MW inclusive of all captive plants. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This indicates a tremendous potential in power generation & related activities. The electricity generation, transmission and distribution sector alone is estimated to require an investment of at least Rs.60 trillion in 2005 rupees. </li></ul><ul><li>The total energy sector investment could well amount to Rs.100-110 trillion in 2005 rupees inclusive of related infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>Additional manpower required for meeting the primary commercial energy and electricity needs is estimated to be more than 2 Million over the next two decades </li></ul>
  7. 7. Electricity Requirement Projection <ul><li>India needs huge capacity addition every year to meet the demand </li></ul><ul><li>The capacity addition required has never been added till now </li></ul><ul><li>Poor implementation rate has been hampering the installed capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Large infrastructure support will be required to meet the demand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional steel demand of 115 MTons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional cement demand of 375 MTons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 13,44,000 additional manpower </li></ul></ul>56 40 30 20 16 Average GW/yr 280 200 150 100 80 GW Addition 9%   40 30 24 16 12 Average GW/yr 200 150 120 80 60 GW Addition 8% XV th 2027-31 XIV th 2022 - 26 XIIIth 2017-21 XIIth 2012-16 XIth 2007-11   GDP Growth  Five Year Plans    
  8. 8. The Future Energy Demand <ul><li>India needs to look at alternate energy sources to meet its demand </li></ul><ul><li>Technology advancement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploration & Production (E&P) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boilers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turbines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feedwater Pumps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vacuum Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Huge capacity addition in Steel, Cement, Copper, Aluminium, Zinc </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure improvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transmission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pipelines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capacity addition in equipment manufacturing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boilers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turbines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollution Control Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical switchgears </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Treatment Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Construction Services </li></ul><ul><li>Operation & Maintenance Services </li></ul><ul><li>Huge force of trained skilled & unskilled manpower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Managers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capability building & improvement in productivity </li></ul>Given the huge demand for Primary & Secondary energy and the fact that most of the these sources will have to be imported
  9. 9. Emerging Technologies <ul><li>Solar SPV Power </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Thermal Power </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Sterling Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Micro Wind Power </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermal Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Tidal Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomass to Liquid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomass to Gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bioethanol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biogas </li></ul><ul><li>MSW </li></ul><ul><li>RDF </li></ul><ul><li>Coal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coal Bed Methanation (CBM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coal-to-Liquid (CTL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coal Gassification (CTG) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coal emulsification </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oil & Gas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep Water exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil Sand Exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ultra Supercritical Thermal Plants </li></ul><ul><li>IGCC </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Future Energy Demand - Disciplines <ul><li>Conventional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petrochemical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Material Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metallurgy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrumentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renewable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Material Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metallurgy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bioengineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemistry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerodynamics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Material Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metallurgical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrumentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Technology </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Future Energy Demand - Opportunities <ul><li>Primary Energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R & D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prospecting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation & Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales & Marketing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operations Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R & D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales & Marketing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operations Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Field Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation & Maintenance </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Indian Energy Sector – Employment Opportunity All figures in Thousands <ul><li>To help meet the capacity addition in power generation, huge manpower will be required </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is estimated that by 2017, about 13 lakh additional manpower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Of this 65% shall be technical and manager / supervisory skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>It takes about 6-7 years for a fresh engineer to reach supervisory cadre </li></ul><ul><li>This does not take in to account the manpower requirement in support and ancillary industries – mining, equipment manufacturing, transportation, legal. logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Thus if we have to make available the required manpower, we have to start now </li></ul>
  13. 13. Career Growth Prospects Graduate Engineer Trainee Seniority Level Entry 1 st Year 3 Years 6-7 Years 15-18 Years > 20 Years Executive Managers Engineers Senior Managers Departmental Heads CEO Business Head Functional Head Advisors
  14. 14. Thanks for your patience Come join the growing World of Energy Pinaki Bhadury Email: [email_address]