SSoE InFocus, Fall 2004


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SSoE InFocus, Fall 2004

  1. 1. FALL 2004 ISSUE VOLUME 2S OESCHARLES V. SCHAEFER, JR. SCHOOL OF ENGINEERINGCHARLES V. SCHAEFER, JR. SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING 2 WiNSeC: Wireless Network Security Center Researches Safe Communications 5 Force Protection at the Center for Maritime Systems 5 Stevens Named a University Partner to the Homeland Security Institute 10 ASME Celebrates 125 Years at Stevens 12 Exploring Innovations in Design, Fabrication, and Advanced Digital Media ENGINEERING THE SECURITY OF AMERICA
  2. 2. DEANGEORGE P.KORFIATIS ENGINEERING THE SECURITY OF AMERICA is a topic of high priority within the Charles V. Schaefer, Jr. School of Engineering. Our students and faculty are dedicating their energy and ingenuity to protecting our future. Dear Friends and Colleagues, I hope this issue of SSoE InFocus finds you well. New York - New Jersey Harbor affords them the ideal Once more, the academic and research testing environment for innovative practical solutions that community is called upon to engineer solutions to have immediate application to the needs of our nation. a national problem. President Bushs statement Stevens faculty members are also working on developing that, "We will build a national research and the next generation of ultra-sensitive chem-bio detectors development enterprise for Homeland Security that achieve a quantum leap in detection capability over sufficient to mitigate the risk posed by modern existing technology. Furthermore, intelligent sensor terrorism," makes it clear that science and networks that can be deployed in the most difficult technology will play a key role in protecting the environments providing information to first responders nation from conventional and non-conventional with minimum latency are being developed and deployed threats. by researchers in the Design and Manufacturing Institute. In response, our faculty launched targeted research All this research activity has provided an environment of programs focused on key elements of Homeland excitement, critical thinking, and innovation for our Protection and Security. The following are only a few undergraduate students. They are working on several of the vital research programs currently under way security-driven senior design projects addressing issues of at Stevens. threat detection, information analysis, autonomous The interdisciplinary Wireless Network Security intervention systems, and biometric technology. Center is producing break-through solutions that Engineering the security of America is a topic of high protect our wireless communication systems and priority within the Charles V. Schaefer, Jr. School of networks from malicious attacks. Operating in one Engineering. Our students and faculty are dedicating their of the worlds highest "signal traffic" zones, energy and ingenuity to protecting our future. WiNSeCs laboratories and testbeds are used to develop and test new technology for real-time, As always, I look forward to your input and participation. real-world security solutions. Best wishes for the New Year. In parallel, uniquely situated next to one of the worlds largest ports, the Center for Maritime Sincerely, Systems is performing groundbreaking research on threat detection and mitigation that will make our ports more secure. Their access to the
  3. 3. CONTENTS FALL 2004 ISSUE VOLUME 2 FEATURES WiNSeC: 2 PHOTO BY RYAN DONOVAN Wireless Network Security Center Researches Safe Communications FORCE PROTECTION 5 at the Center for Maritime Systems Stevens Named a University Partner to the 5 Homeland Security Institute INFOCUS SSoE Students 6 S OE S Senior Design INFOCUS Stevens Hosts West Point Cadets EXECUTIVE EDITOR Dean George P Korfiatis . Stevens Photography Club: Creative Engineers CONSULTING Patrick A. Berzinski New Undergraduate Concentrations EDITORS Pamela Krieger MANAGING EDITOR Christine del Rosario CONTRIBUTORS Patrick A. Berzinski SSoE Heritage 10 Professor Costas Chassapis Warren G. Wells ’42 Benjamin Curry Grounded in Tradition with an Eye to the Future Dean Jerry Hultin Professor Rashmi Jain Professor John Nastasi ASME Celebrates 125 Years at Stevens Aimiende Negbenebor PHOTOGRAPHERS Cathy Cacicedo Marta Curry New Graduate Program 12 Christine del Rosario Ryan Donovan Exploring Innovations in Design, Fabrication, Robert Hoar Jan Nazalewicz and Advanced Digital Media Geoffrey Silver Special Thanks to the Stevens Alumni Association SSoE Faculty 13 EXECUTIVE ADMINISTRATOR Marta Cimillo Generating IP: Recent Faculty Patents GRAPHIC DESIGN KMG Graphic Design StudioForging Dynamic New Partnerships in Systems Engineering New Arrivals 14 Faculty News 17 © 2004 Charles V. Schaefer, Jr. School of Engineering C H A R L E S V. S C H A E F E R , J R . S C H O O L O F E N G I N E E R I N G
  4. 4. PHOTO BY ROBERT HOAR WiNSeC Wireless Network Security Center Researches Safe Communications By Patrick A. Berzinski Stevens’ WiNSeC is distinguishing itself as the premier research center for wireless network security in America. A new vice president is at the helm to oversee its next bold phases, and a spectrum of government-funded interdisciplinary projects is focused on the security of local and national communications networks. WiNSeC is a national asset dedicated to securing the nation’s networked communications infrastructure. Founded in 2002, WiNSeC is located in upon its acclaimed research in a variety access to the spectrum – Coordinated the heart of the New York-New Jersey of Homeland Security applications for Dynamic Spectrum Access, we call it. The metropolitan area. The center is focused secure wireless communications and FCC and others are interested to know on solving technical and organizational networking. Among the recent and ongo- whether a logical system can be devised problems associated with secure com- ing research projects, there is a strong in which one can temporarily access or munications platforms. Wireless tech- multidisciplinary, collaborative flavor. ‘lease out’ for emergency communica- nologies developed and tested by the tions especially, a portion of that unused The Howe School’s Distinguished center are certified to perform in even licensed spectrum – and how to do it Associate Professor of Telecommunica- the most demanding situations. The cen- efficiently and equitably." tions Management, Kevin Ryan, has ter has successfully partnered with gov- teamed with colleagues from Bell Labs- The Schaefer School’s Department of ernment agencies, academic institutions, Lucent in a WiNSeC-sponsored project to Electrical and Computer Engineering and industrial groups across America to study the implications of "dynamic spec- (ECE) has had a large role in projects for obtain research funding and pursue trum assignment." WiNSeC, including research conducted technology development. by Assistant Professor K.P Subbalakshmi . "The problem we’re looking at," says Today, under the leadership of the Vice and Assistant Professor R. Chandramouli Ryan, "is that some individuals and President for Institute Technology who operate a lab to study issues of organizations license huge blocks of the Initiatives, Dr. Helena S. Wisniewski "steganography" and "steganalysis" – the communications spectrum, but use only (interim Director of WiNSeC); WiNSeC science and art of hiding digitized infor- a small fraction of that capacity. Given Deputy Director, Professor Bruce McNair; mation in other digital media for secure that the available spectrum is a precious and WiNSeC Associate Director for transmission over possibly insecure net- and dwindling resource, we’re studying Business Development, Dr. Patrick E. works; the two professors also study better ways to manage the sharing of2 White, the center continues to expand how to extract the embedded media,
  5. 5. or if the media is malignant, how to that is inherent in the design increases VP of Institute Technologydestroy it without obliterating the host the reliability of wireless communications Initiativesmedium. Subbalakshmi’s study for to levels comparable with land-line net-WiNSeC has been in the area of light-weight, error-resilient cryptography. works. Dr. Helena S. Professors from the School of ScienceWiNSeC’s Patrick White has teamed with and Arts’ Department of Computer WisniewskiECE Assistant Professor Cristina Science (CS) are heavily involved in In August 2004,Comaniciu and Associate Professor Yu- WiNSeC activities. Associate Professor President RavechéDong Yao, along with WiNSeC research Rebecca Wright and Assistant Professor announced the appoint-associate Nicolas Girard, to pursue a Susanne Wetzel are both involved in wire- ment of Dr. Helena S. Wisniewski to the position of Vice"During the Republican National Convention in New York President for Institute Technology Initiatives. Dr. Wisniewski, a distinguishedlast summer, WiNSeC performed a very vital service to the Stevens’ alumna, is responsible for thenation, setting up a wireless communications back-up link complete Technogenesis® cycle at the Institute including: the protection of intel-in the local region to maintain emergency communications lectual property, encouragement of newfor New York in the event of an attack or other disaster... ” and innovative partnerships, creation of new companies and their marketplace strategies, overseeing business servicesmajor National Science Foundation grant less network studies funded through the that support research and the internationalinvestigating the design and implications center by agencies of the US military. aspects of technology development, andof advanced mobile radios that can intelli- Wright’s research involves data mining student/faculty Technogenesis programs.gently and automatically form simultane- technology that preserves the privacy Her overall goal is to ensure that Stevensous associations with multiple wireless rights of non-suspects whose information is recognized as a national resourcenetworks. This project has implications for happens to reside in databases of interest sought after by government and industrythe battlefield and the home front. For for its extraordinary research, technology,example, end-users could instantaneously and entrepreneurial vision.create a broadband channel by aggregat- Wisniewski has received awards froming the capacities of multiple wireless net- government, industry, and organizationsworks. Police officers could up/download for her significant contributions to science,critical situation awareness data while technology, and leadership. She held lead-responding to incidents, increasing their ership positions as a Corporate Director atefficiency. Furthermore, the load-sharing Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin) and Vice Presidencies at Titan and ANSER. She wasPHOTO BY ROBERT HOAR founding director of the applied mathe- matics program at the Defense Advanced to law-enforcement and other Research Projects Agency (DARPA), and legal authorities. Wetzel studies served in a key position at the CIA. She network architecture and proto- has extensive experience in academia and col design, recently concluding a serves as a Trustee. project that uncovered a vulnera- bility of ad-hoc Wi-Fi networks, Consistent with Stevens’ process of and suggesting how to foil hack- Technogenesis, she founded Aurora ers who attempt to exploit it. Biometrics, Inc., a provider of complete biometrics systems. The company’s suite CS Assistant Professor Elli of products was based on advances in Angelopoulou and Associate mathematical modeling that she Professor George Kamberov, developed and patented. As its Chairman who direct labs in computer and CEO, she secured investment capital, vision and visualization, jointly developed the business, and sold the worked on a project for WiNSeC company, completing the process of that investigated the properties innovation to implementation. of large networks of computer- ized agents and sensors. She earned her Ph.D. in mathematics from City University of New York, her Master of "During the Republican National Science degree in Mathematics from Convention in New York last Stevens Institute of Technology, and her summer," says Dr. Wisniewski, bachelor’s in mathematics from WilliamProfessor Igor Alexandrov, Research Professor in "WiNSeC performed a vital Paterson University (Distinguished AlumniISSAs Department of Physics & Engineering Physics service to the nation, setting up aand Adjunct Project Director - Wireless Network - 2000). wireless communicationsSecurity Center continued on next page 3
  6. 6. WiNSeC... continued Professor Bruce McNair Deputy Director at WiNSeC back-up link in the local region to maintain emer- McNairs duties at WiNSeC include and systems engineering in communi- gency communications for New York in the event of program management of funded cation systems including wireless an attack or other disaster within the city’s bound- projects within the center; personnel communications and system/network aries. This link remains available for emergency first management and mentoring of junior security. His research interests include research staff; assisting the WiNSeC high-speed wireless data networking, responders in the local New York City-New Jersey director in staff planning and new staff real-time digital signal processing, and area." acquisitions; business development of software-defined radio technology. projects; and day-to-day interactions He serves as Chief Technical Officer of “This center is an important with faculty participating in WiNSeC Novidesic Communications LLC in projects. Holmdel, N.J. His other industry element in Stevens’ arsenal of experience includes more than two "Bruce is a tremendous asset to our expertise, working to solve work at WiNSeC," said Dean Korfiatis. decades of service at AT&T/Bell Labs. McNair holds both a problems of critical importance to "The breadth of his experience in com- Bachelor’s and a munications systems engineering is a the scientific community, the perfect fit with the center’s mission." Master’s degree of Engineering from government and military, and McNair is an Industry Professor in the Stevens. Department of Electrical and to the people of the United States Com-puter Engineering with more of America. ” than 30 years experience in engineer- ing research, design, development, Among the many communications security projects accomplished or in progress at WiNSeC: WiNSeC Associate Director Dr. Patrick White • Beginning in Feb. 2004, the center joined in a one- In early 2003, Dr. Patrick White was technologist for the Communications year, $11.5 million consortium project led by named Associate Director of WiNSeC. Group at Safeguard Scientifics, Inc., Lucent that is researching, developing, and He oversees the growing number of and was on the Board of Directors of demonstrating an ultra-high capacity, highly- research efforts to strengthen the SOTAS, Inc. He was also a high-level secure communications system for DARPA’s resilience of America’s communica- technology officer at Extant, Inc., Mobile Networked Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output tions networks against terrorism and Arthur D. Little, Bell Atlantic, Bellcore (MIMO) program, also known as MNM. MIMO is a other threats. (now Telcordia) and Bell Labs. At communications technique that uses multiple Bellcore, his team co-developed with White is a veteran executive with 30 antennas to send and receive wireless signals at France Telecom the ATM protocol now years communica- ultra-high speeds. used by telecommunications carriers tions experience worldwide. • WiNSeC has been awarded four out of four spanning R&D, National Science Foundation grants. One award of business develop- White holds a doctoral degree in $800,000 was for a wireless networking research ment, strategic Electrical and Computer Engineering grant to a consortium led by WiNSeC, the planning and from Northwestern University. He is a University of Colorado at Boulder, and Vanu, Inc. venture investing. past member of the FCC Technology He was chief Advisory Council. Another NSF grant supported development of a testbed that combines advanced networking and wireless communication technologies. The testbed enabled research on systems where mobile WiNSeCs Optical Beam devices are simultaneously connected to multiple A cornerstone of heightened home- communications systems, both for the wireless networks and use flexible software radios land security is secure communica- battlefield and on the home front. to improve quality of service, security, and per- tions, and a Canobeam optical beam "What were doing at WiNSeC is formance. transceiver from Canon USA has been balancing out all aspects of communi- a big help in WiNSeCs efforts. "This center," said Dr. Wisniewski, "is an important cations technology to provide research Researchers are conducting funda- element in Stevens’ arsenal of expertise, working to on connectivity," says WiNSeC mental studies in the propagation of solve problems of critical importance to the scientif- Network Engineer Jason Evans. "We free-space optical signals at various ic community, the government and military, and to examine how Canobeam and other wave lengths, through a variety of systems augment military and home- the people of the United States of America. Stevens, atmospheric conditions including fog, land communications systems, and working together with its research partners, can smoke, haze and dust. Initial proto- how these networks deal with transi- devise innovative technology for more effective and types of long wavelength infrared tioning from one to another." affordable security, for the defense of our country. detectors have been developed to WiNSeC is truly a vital national asset." s capitalize on the increased propaga- tion inherent in longer wavelength ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- infrared. Patrick A. Berzinski is Director of University The Canon unit is set on the roof at Communications at Stevens. Stevens Burchard Building, and is used to assess the usefulness of many4
  7. 7. FORCE PROTECTION at the Center for Maritime Systems By Ben Curry Since October 12, 2000, when terrorists the next question is how to identify However, a floating object underwater used a small fishing boat to incapacitate whether any particular vessel is a threat or sounds much the same as a big fish, or and nearly sink a high-tech missile not." There’s an old say- even a school of fish. "We have to learn todestroyer worth hundreds of millions of ing that the future is just identify an underwater threat in terms ofdollars, ‘force protection’ has become a the past that hasn’t its acoustic signature," said Bruno. "Aremajor focus for the US Navy. The attack on happened yet: This there unique sounds or acoustic patternsthe USS Cole made it painfully obvious neatly encapsulates associated with certain objects, as opposedthat deadly threats can come in small, low- Stevens’ strategy for to a large fish or a block of driftwood? Aretech packages, and that there was a dearth identifying one threaten- there surface manifestations that show theof measures that the Navy could rely upon ing boat among 1,000 presence of a threat? What are the otherto provide security for its fleet. Dr. Michael Bruno harmless ones. By clues?"A group of researchers at Stevens’ Center looking at behavioral Research will begin with trials in the for Maritime Systems patterns and analyzing historically how center’s towing tank, which is traditionally (CMS) has begun a attacks with small craft are carried out, the used for testing hull designs for ships. joint project with the researchers can predict certain threatening Eventually, Bruno hopes to build a Office of Naval patterns of behavior. They are also collabo- mechanical device for use in the Hudson Research that will rating with the Howe School’s Dr. Jeffrey that can reproduce the underwater and develop technology to Nickerson on developing a software surface signatures from posited objects.identify and track small vessels and predict system that processes data from various Once this is accomplished, trials can movewhether such vessels represent a threat. sources to predict threats. out of the tank and into the Hudson RiverIt may sound simple, but identifying and Another set of problems is posed by and New York Harbor. "Our divers wouldn’tclassifying small ships in ports and off- underwater threats carrying explosive have to try swimming in the Hudson,shore areas is anything but easy. In a busy devices to ships in port. Both the FBI and exposing them to the currents and otherport environment, standard radar proves to the Coast Guard have posted warnings dangers," said Bruno. s regarding potential attacks against fixed ________________________________________be of no use for small vessel detection.CMS Director Dr. Michael Bruno said, "We facilities like oil terminals as well as ships. Ben Curry is a freelance writer inare looking at a range of technologies that Present sonar technology can easily record Hoboken, N.J.will help us recognize small vessels, but an underwater object’s acoustic signature.STEVENS NAMED A UNIVERSITY PARTNERTO THE HOMELAND SECURITY INSTITUTE By Dean Jerry HultinThis summer, the Department of Stevens will assist HSI in providing HSI’s Director,Homeland Security (DHS) took a major scientific, technical, and management Randall Yim, formerstep forward in increasing its scientific, research along with advice on critical Managing Director oftechnological, and management expertise. scientific/operational issues related to GAO’s NationalIt appointed a team lead by ANSER security against terrorist attacks. Other Preparedness(Advancing National Strategies and university partners include Auburn, Division and Deputy Georgetown, George Washington, Kansas Under Secretary ofEnabling Results) to be the sole federally- State, and Purdue. Defense forfunded research and development center Installations under President Clinton,to the Science and Technology Directorate As Dean of the Howe School of Technology worked closely with me at the Pentagonof DHS. In response, ANSER, directed by Management, I lead the Stevens team that when I was the Under Secretary of theDr. Ruth David, an expert on homeland initiated the relationship with HSI. Because Navy. Randall’s priorities include estab-security and former Deputy Director for we are located in the NY/NJ region, we lishing HSI as the nation’s preeminentScience and Technology at the CIA, formed offer the best access to the global source of homeland security research andan independent subsidiary, the Homeland corporate leaders of the pharmaceutical, analysis. He intends to build a team,Security Institute (HSI), to receive more telecommunications, and finance indus- including university partners ensuring thatthan $30 million a year in funding. Stevens tries that surround the Institute. Each of HSI is "second to none" in the securitywas named as one of its six university these areas is of critical concern to the field. I assured him that Stevens was ready to meet this challenge. spartners. Department of Homeland Security. 5
  8. 8. SSOESTUDENTSIN FOCUS SENIOR DESIGN By Aimiende Negbenebor ’04 Engineering seniors accomplish remarkable design and research innovations in response to the needs of industry. A few of them are highlighted below. Award-winning Entrepreneurial Seniors Improve Medical Device In early April, Eva Bica, George Collard, Rebecca Gonter, Dominique Gonzalez, and Joseph Grogan advised by Mechanical Engineering Professor Zhenqi Zhu won a poster competition at the annual Student Poster Contest, held at the N.J. Chapter meeting of the International Society of Pharmaceutical Engineers (ISPE). In November, Eva presented their project, "Remotely Operated Stitching Devices for Secure Illustration of the Remote Stitching Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms," at the ISPE 2004 Device featuring the controller used by doctors (left) International Conference in San Antonio, Texas. and the remote stitching tip that is used within the patient (right) The goal of the award-winning poster project was to assist in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Funded by an Advanced E-team grant from the National Collegiate Inventors and Innovators Alliance (NCIIA) to conduct the necessary research and create a feasible solution, their project centered on a unique method for securing the position of an endovascular stent-graft from within the aorta, using spiral Nitinol (Nickel Titanium alloy) clips. In order to develop the most efficient, user-friendly, and safe device, the team engaged input from endovascular surgeons and FDA regulations. Currently, there are two ways to treat AAA. The first is open sur- gery which securely sutures the aorta but has the drawback of being highly invasive and costly. The second is a non-invasive alternative to open surgery, George Collard, Joseph Grogan (holding an enlarged endovascular stent-grafting (a model of the device that transports the stitching wire to procedure similar to angioplasty) the remote end), Eva Bica, Dominique Gonzalez and which harbors the risks of migra- Prototype of the doctors remote control and stitching Rebecca Gonter tion of the graft and leakage. In wire device order to minimize the leakage and slippage of the stent-graft, the team designed a highly flexible remotely operating device that mechanically secures the endovascular stent-graft to the aorta. Its balloon centers and holds the control system, releasing the Nitinol spiral clips that hold the stent-graft in place against the wall of the aorta. Using the undergraduate materials laboratory at Stevens, the team conducted experiments in a systematic trial and error approach. They ran tests for the best design and implementation of the Nitinol spirals and constructed a prototype using biocom- patible materials. The resulting device consists of three parts, a proximal mechanism, which is inserted into the patient, a distal mechanism, which the doctor uses to control the proximal end, and a connector between them. Supported by the Stevens Patent Committee, the team is seek- ing intellectual property rights to the innovative aspects of their device which can be used on any stent-graft and may potentially be extended to other uses. Once their provisional patent is com- plete, they intend to market the device to medical device manu- facturing companies for potential licensing agreements.6
  9. 9. TKR system CAD ren-Engineering and Realization of the Total Knee dering (below) and prototype fitted to aReplacement (TKR) System model knee (left)The first total knee replacement surgeries were performed in the1960’s, using hinged implants. These designs were unsuccessfulbecause they constrained the natural rotation and bending of theknee. In the mid seventies, condylar total knee implants allowingknee rotation were designed. By the nineties, more effectiveimplants allowed TKR to become widely accepted as a treatmentfor patients suffering from severe knee pain and disability causedby damage to the cartilage from arthritis or trauma.In 2004, Mia Molfino and Michael C. Phipps were part of a designand manufacturing team developing a cutting-edge knee systemthat allowed patients to regain normal pain-free knee function. The device achieved superior perform- Mia Molfino and ance to existing systems on the market. Michael C. Phipps Mia and Mike were instrumental in the design and manufacture of a system that allows deeper flexion, less constraint, and more rotation which translated into more Biometric Security on Campus: the "Thumb-Thing" natural motion for the patient. The intend- Today, the importance of reliable personal security and authori- ed design philosophy was implemented zation has increased dramatically with the rise in credit card and analyzed with the help of computer- and identity theft. Identification cards, the main form of aided design programs and simulation personal ID, are highly susceptible to fraud. A team advised by software. Electrical and Computer Engineering Professor Bruce McNairWorking with their sponsor, Stryker Orthopaedics, Mia and Mike developed a biometric system that uses thumbprints as identifi-evaluated the knee system on-site at Strykers Advanced cation for both entry and credit access. Rather than needing toTechnology Department, and by conducting cadaver studies with provide an ID card or remember a password, individuals simplysurgeons, they learned how the implant would perform within the press their thumb on the fingerprint scanner. The details of thebody prior to use by a patient. Advised by MechanicalEngineering Professor Kishore Pochiraju and Project CoordinatorPeter Verrillo ‘99, they focused on the manufacturing, testing, and ...the system could replace ID cards forevaluation of the system including: meals, duckbills, dormitory/building access, • Evaluation of manufacturability and production issues for both photocopies, and laundry and other facili- the femoral and tibial components; • Final inspection and manufacturing ties that require identification for access. drawings; • Mechanical testing of production quality components and analysis of thumbprint are compared against a database of authorized the resultant data; users. Once a match is made, the individual is authenticated • Cadaver study and intraoperative and granted access. trialing and analysis of resultant Joseph Marques, Michael Andrews, Yohanna Ayala, Brian data; Podolsky and Jennifer Willis designed the "Thumb-Thing" as a • Evaluation and input of design by potential replacement for student ID cards on college surgeons for acceptance in the field. campuses. At Stevens, for example, the system could replaceConducted as a part of their Co-op and senior design project ID cards for meals, duckbills, dormitory/building access, photo-experiences, Mike and Mia helped meet a real-world system copies, and laundry and other facilities that require identifica-design and manufacturing challenge with technical expertise, tion for access. Their successful final prototype used a PDA as ateamwork and out-of-the-box innovative thinking. user interface, a fingerprint scanner (provided by Cross Match Technologies, Inc.), and a laptop computer which ran the comparison algorithm, a database, and graphical interface. The computer aurally prompted users to scan their thumbs and informed them of the results. It maintained a quick response time and could easily be adapted to the needs found at most college campuses and businesses. Building upon their success, future devices could check for a pulse as well as temper- ature and voltage differentials. Jennifer Willis, Dean Korfiatis, Yohanna Ayala, Joseph Marques, Michael Andrews and Brian Podolsky 7
  10. 10. SSOE STUDENTS IN FOCUS SENIOR DESIGN Continued The Evolution Robotic Frontiers from Analog to Digital Radio Multiple mobile robot coordination has until now been a Software Defined Radio is the foundation of generally underdeveloped branch of mechanical control the first truly universal wireless device engineering. Jacquelene McCarthy, Jared Sapp and Robert enabling the switch from analog to digital Somma advised by Mechanical Engineering Professor Jae- radio processing. With an increasing variety of Hung Chung used sensors, a CMU Camera, Lego-based wireless services and the increased demand for rotational encoders, IR demodulators, and Lego-touch sen- RF (radio frequency) spectrum, there is a grow- sors to coordi- ing interest in equipment that is flexible enough nate tasks to adapt to changing channel and interference shared conditions and that will allow interoperation with between two myriad legacy systems. mobile Handy Using the Flex Radio (SDR- Bug robots. 1000), Bethel Assefa, They engi- Matthew Isaacs, Tsing-Hua neered a dis- Chen, Rommy Guevara, tributed control and Sze-Yam Kan, together schematic to with graduate research assistant Nishant Kumar, successfully developed an Jacquelene McCarthy, Jared Sapp and Robert Somma intelligent expandable soft- ware-based system, which minimize the possibility detects channel conditions of mission failure and and then adapts between working with the frequencies and data rates "Handy Board", a micro- allowing for the highest processor developed by quality frequency at signifi- MIT, they successfully Graphical User Interface cantly reduced bandwidth. programmed two robots to communicate effectively and Advised by the Director of accomplish a coordinated assigned task of locating and the Wireless Information Systems Engineering Laboratory pushing an oblong box towards a predetermined goal. Their (WISELAB), Professor Yu-Dong Yao, their investigation into work paves the way for the addition of future dynamic software defined radio platforms was supported by variables that will eventually result in the robots interacting funding from the National Science Foundation through the in joint exploration, rescue and retrieval missions. s Wireless Network Security Center and the Department of --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Electrical and Computer Engineering. Aimiende Negbenebor is a recent graduate of the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department STEVENS HOSTS WEST POINT CADETS Recently, the Schaefer School’s Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management (SEEM) hosted a group of cadets studying in the Department of Systems Engineering at the US Military Academy at West Point. SEEM Professor Kate Abel and a group of SEEM students welcomed the cadets, who talked with and received a tour of Davidson Lab from Professor Alan Blumberg of the Center for Maritime Systems. Following a guided tour of the Stevens campus, both Stevens and West Point groups took a ferry to New York City for a fascinating visit to the USS Intrepid. "A good time was had by all," said Professor Abel. "We look forward to hosting our West Point friends again in the spring of 2005."8
  11. 11. STEVENS NEW UNDERGRADUATEPHOTOGRAPHY CLUB: CONCENTRATIONS:CREATIVE ENGINEERS PLUGGING THE GAP IN AMERICAN NAVAL Ryan Donovan, a mechanical engi- ENGINEERING EDUCATION neering major, possesses a cre- ative side. After receiving a cam- A critical need recognized by The program is conducted in concert with era two years ago, he began to the Navy is the innovative Stevens leadership in the Office of Naval design of ships and in Research’s Atlantic Center for the take pictures of the Hoboken- particular naval vessels, which Innovative Design and Control of Small NYC area and trained under a are expected to constitute the Ships, and in collaboration with well-respected professional primary area for future careers University College, London, which hasHoboken photographer. While studying in the US ship design and one of the leading ship designphotography, Ryan also became active in building enterprise. Aside from educational programs in the world.the Stevens Photography Club. programs geared to the training of"Photography appeals to me because it naval officers, there are few degree For more information contact:combines both logic and creativity. There programs whose mission is to train Dr. Michael Brunoare ‘formulas’ for what are considered the civilians who will work in Professor and Director of the Center forinteresting pictures, but there still exists shipyards, design offices, and Navy Maritime Systemsthat element of imagination." bureaus, filling needs for both military and non-military vessels. email: Building on its research strengths andPHOTO BY RYAN DONOVAN long term leadership in the field, Stevens is well-placed to offer a concentration in Naval Engineering under the auspices of its broad-based Engineering curriculum. It will leverage existing courses in ocean engineering as well as existing experimental and modeling facilities to promote creative ship designs. ENGINEERING FOR AN INFORMATION DRIVEN SOCIETY The Departments of Systems Engineering focus area in information systems manage- and Engineering Management (SEEM) and ment or networked information systems. Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) For more information please contact: jointly offer an Information Systems Engineering (ISE) concentration in the Dr. Stuart Tewksbury undergraduate curriculum. Director and ProfessorToday, Ryan is the president of the The goal of the ISE concentration is to Electrical and Computer EngineeringStevens Photography Club. He has phone: 201.216.8096assisted in photographing wed- produce graduates with a broad engineer- ing foundation who can be effective in the email:stewksbu@stevens.edudings professionally and continuesto experiment with black and white analysis, design, construction, implemen- Dr. John Farr tation and management of informationfine art photography. Ryan’s and the Director and Professor systems. Systems Engineering and EngineeringPhoto Club’s work can be seenthroughout campus, specifically in The program consists of a core of six Managementthe Computer Service Center and on classes taken by all students in the con- phone: 201.216.8103display in the Jacobus Lounge. In centration. A student can choose either a email: jfarr@stevens.eduaddition, there are plans for aphotography show in DeBaunAuditorium. If anyone is interested in The following are typical electives within each focus.Ryan’s prints featured in this Network Information Systems (NIS) Information Systems Management (ISM)publication, please contact Ryan at • CpE 360 Data Structures and • EM 301 Engineering Cost Algorithms • EM 466 Total Quality ControlFor more information • CpE 490 Information Systems I • SYS 510 Business Process Engineeringon area photography please visit • EE 441 Introduction to or Systems 9
  12. 12. SSOE HERITAGE WARREN G. WELLS ’42: GROUNDED IN TRADITION, WITH AN EYE TO THE FUTURE By Patrick A. Berzinski "If you ever want to learn the score in anything around Stevens, Warren is your man." So read the gossipy write- up about graduating senior Warren Wells in the Stevens Link of 1942. "No matter what you ask him," it continued, "he will readily give you the pertinent information. The stuff will be reliable, too, since Warren’s name is continually on the Dean’s List." To many in the Stevens ing education at Stevens, as well as community, Warren Wells is still the far-sighted vision that has "the man who knows the score." inspired Warren Wells to give so Wells has worn many hats in his generously to the Institute that gave successful career – WWII radar him a great start. These two new labs specialist, university instructor, are perhaps the most revolutionary Class of 1942 alumnus automation engineer, co-founder additions to the undergraduate Warren Wells and treasurer of his own compa- engineering facilities in years. ny, and a designer of complex Wells’ generosity in giving is nothing "The way Warren and his classmates moveable sets for the Broadway new. In the early 1990’s, he served as have improved and established many Theater. Chairman of the Theater Restoration of our engineering labs has been But perhaps his most important Committee that raised $2.5 million for inspirational," said Assistant Vice role in recent years has been as a the renovation of the re-dedicated President for Development Marjorie catalyst for the upgrade and con- DeBaun Auditorium. In 1994-95, he H. Everitt. "Warren’s role has been struction of undergraduate labs for was a key volunteer on the Kresge central to what has been accom- Challenge Campaign, plished. It makes it all the more helping to raise meaningful that his continued help is $1,500,000 for the com- so significant and forward-looking." pletion of the Schaefer Athletic Center. He and his late wife Ruth personally donated their lake house as a "retained life estate" to Stevens in the late 1990’s. Another donation fund- Professor Thurston’s torsion testing machine. Professor Thurston’s torsion testing machine. ed the renovation of the Warren and Ruth Wells Warren Wells with Bessie and George Korfiatis Engineering Design Lab located in the McLean future generations of Stevens Building. Wells has also encouraged engineering students. Wells’ fellow 1942 classmates to adopt addi- most exciting contribution is tional labs. Consequently, two other about to be realized in the form labs were renovated with their sup- of two new undergrad facilities: port: The Elsie Hattrick Design The Interactive Digital Media Laboratory and the Betty & Art Lab and The Biomedical Francis Microelectronics Systems Engineering Lab. Both repre- Laboratory, both on the first floor of sent new frontiers in engineer- the Burchard Building.10
  13. 13. Richard Reeves M.E. 60 Robert Thurston, who served as ASME’s first In September, Richard President from 1880 to 1882, joined Stevens as Reeves M.E. 60, the a professor of mechanical engineering in March internationally 1871. He established the first acclaimed Pulitzer Prize mechanical laboratory for research finalist and Peabody- and testing along with the first and Emmy-Award winning historian curriculum that combined theory and political writer, visited the and research with practical shop Stevens Family Archives at the experience. The mechanical labo- Williams Library to meet with Richard Widdicombe, Library Director, Patrick ratory, which was established in Berzinski, Director of University 1875, was the first of record in the Communications, and Justin Galler an United States to combine research, independent documentary producer. instruction, and commercial work. Currently finishing a major biography It focused on the field of materials, of President Reagan, Reeves is investi- friction, and standardization of gating the prospect of a video docu- methods for testing boilers, and mentary and book about the internal combustion and steam Stevenses, including the stories of engines. Professor Thurston was Col. John Stevens, Robert Livingston widely published and held two Stevens, and Edwin Augustus patents, one for an autographic recording test- Stevens, the founder of the Institute. ing machine for material in torsion, and one for Reeves is well-known for his biogra- a machine for testing lubricants. phies of several recent presidents and for an award-winning PBS documen- tary on the life of the 19th centuryASME Celebra tes French social historian Alexis de125 Years a Stevens t Tocqueville. – PB By Dr. Costas Chassapis, Director of Mechanical Engineering The ASME Mission: "To promote and enhance the technical The American Society of competency and professional well-being of our members, and Mechanical Engineers (ASME) through quality programs and activities in mechanical engineer- was founded on April 7, 1880 at ing, better enable its practitioners to contribute to the well-beingStevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken,New Jersey. About 80 engineers - industri- of humankind."alists, educators, technical journalists, and offers hundreds of professional Williams Library.designers, shipbuilders, military engineers, development courses each year.and inventors, including Stevens Professor On April 9th, the Mechanical EngineeringRobert W. Thurston - assembled ASMEs To mark the 125th Anniversary of the Department in conjunction with thefirst Board of Governors. Societys founding, Stevens Institute of Stevens student chapter of the ASME, Technology, the Schaefer School of under the leadership of Robert Hoar –Todays ASME is a premier 120,000-mem- Engineering, and the Department of President, Chloe Weck – VP David Velasco – ,ber professional organization for promoting Mechanical Engineering will host several Secretary and Joe Farco – Treasurer, willthe art, science, and practice of mechanical events April 7-9, 2005, on Stevens’ campus. host the ASME Regional Student Confer- and multidisciplinary Among these will be a black-tie commemo- ence and student design competition. engineering and allied ration and awards gala to be held in the sciences throughout For more information on the anniversary Frederick L. Bissinger Room on the evening the world. Focused on of April 7th. President Raveché and Dean celebration and concert, please contact technical, educational Korfiatis will preside over the festivities. On Marta Cimillo at 201-216-5263. s and research issues of the evening of April 8th, in the Grace E. and the engineering and Kenneth W. DeBaun Auditorium, there will Robert Hoar ‘06, President technology community, be a lecture given by the recipient of the of Stevens’ ASME ASME conducts one of Roe Medal, and a performance by the student chapter, is also VP the worlds largest Romanian Orchestra of Engineers - a of Student Government, technical publishing unique 50-year-old orchestra of practicing a member of Beta Theta operations, holds engineers from the Bucharest Pi, and actively partici- numerous technical Philharmonic. The concert will be followed pates with the Entertainment conferences worldwide, by a champagne reception at the Samuel C. Committee and Yearbook, the LINK. 11
  14. 14. NEW GRADUATE EXPLORING INNOVATIONS IN DESIGN, PROGRAM FABRICATION, AND ADVANCED DIGITAL MEDIA By John Nastasi, Architect This fall, 20 students of diverse backgrounds began a course of graduate study that will earn them a master’s degree in product-architecture and engineering. As founding Director of the Product- Architecture Lab, my objective is to encourage these future design and building professionals to embrace collaborative work methods as they pursue nascent topics in design in the context of manufacturing methodologies and advanced mate- rial studies. The program brings into question long-standing and sepa- Design of a prototype for a 2-bedroom, 1,500-square- rate traditions in the education of foot suburban home to be built in Woodcliffe Lake, N.J. designers and engineers, and in (above) will be constructed from a kit, with some sub- doing so forges a distinctive fusion assemblies put together off-site and later shipped via of design culture, technology, and truck to the site for final erection. services. In its inaugural year, The Product- and their component parts, with an Architecture Lab has captured the national emphasis on understanding design and attention of innovators in the design production technologies, so that they may industry. Gehry Technologies of Los seek innovative ways to build sophisticat- Angeles, Tri-Pyramid Structures, an inte- ed forms. Current design and research grated design and manufacturing compa- projects include the enclosure and interac- ny in Westford, MA, as well as BitForms, a tive exhibition for the Concorde, currently The “Speaker Pavilion” world-renowned NYC art gallery involved housed on the Hudson River in the located in Princeton, N.J., Intrepid Museum; “Apse-traction, the ” was designed for Cornel in the convergences of art and technolo- gy, are among the program’s research architectural design and fabrication for a West, an academic known for his provocative explo- collaborators. local church in Hoboken; interactive and rations of religion and racial information design for an upcoming issues. The pavilion is made The program is headquartered in Stevens’ commercial airline launch; the design of a of an aluminum honeycomb historic Carnegie Laboratory — a facility prefabricated suburban house prototype; material used in the aero- that at the turn of the last century and the parametric design of a surfboard space industry; chosen for its simultaneous opacity, trans- emerged as a state-of-the-art manufactur- integrating algorithmically-based shape parency, and reflectivity, ing facility. With the recent addition of the optimization methodologies. which plumb "the ideas of advanced digital media lab — a suite of barrier, threshold, and trans- PCs and Macs; design software such as Both the "Speaker Pavilion" and the parency" as they pertain to CATIA, Digital Project, Maya, Rhino, and "Apse-traction" projects, recently, received both architecture and race Professional Design Awards from the N.J. relations. Solidworks; video editing and digital imaging software; 3D scanners and other Chapter of the American Institute of gear – the Product-Architect Lab leaps into Architects. this new century at the forefront of design For further information, please visit our and manufacturing technology. web site at: The current student body — a mix of architects, engineers, product designers, To schedule a tour of the program and mathematicians, and computer scientists facilities, please email the director at: — are grouped in interdisciplinary teams s which study product design, buildings, v The expansion of a century-old Norwegian Christian church presented the opportunity to contrast late 19th century religious architecture with 21st century design and manufacturing methodologies. The interactive installation for the Concorde incorporates v Computational Fluid Dynamics analysis of air pressure as a result of wing design and sonic boom transition. Interactive12 system projects video image onto vapor screen.
  15. 15. GENERATING IP: FACULTYRECENT FACULTY PATENTS IN FOCUSThe Highly Filled Materials Institutes patent covering a novel method and apparatus forthe determination of particle size distributions (Dr. Rahmi Yazici and Dr. Dilhan Kalyon)was issued on June 15, 2004 (US Patent #6,751,287). This method complements earlierdeveloped analysis methods of HfMI on the quantitative characterization of structuraldistributions including the quantitative characterization of degree of mixedness.Dr. Dinesh Verma and Dr. Caroline Smith were awarded US Patent #6,763,337, issuedJuly 13, 2004, for "Weighted Wedge Defuzzification for Conceptual System DesignEvaluation," a method and a system for applying the method, for an exact andcomputationally efficient solution for defuzzification that uses linear and non-linearweighted wedge approaches.Dr. Christos Christodoulatos and Dr. George P Korfiatis were awarded US Patent .#6,752,926, issued July 22, 2004, for "A method and apparatus for treatment ofwastewater," a closed bioreactor for high organic carbon removal and ammoniaconversion in high-strength wastes under microgravity conditions.Dr. Ronald Besser was issued US Patent #6,731,061, May 4, 2004, for "A Dual-LayerElectroplated Structure for a Flat Panel Display Device. "The patent describes a processfor generating a metallization layer, through electroplating, which is novel in that it issuspended above the substrate and hence can be used as a floating electrode to steer electrons emittedfrom the surface of the device. This process was developed by Dr. Besser when he held the position ofSenior Scientist at Candescent Technologies Corporation of San Jose, California. sFORGING DYNAMIC NEW PARTNERSHIPS IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERINGThe Federal Aviation Administration School of Technology and Design at Program, administered and(FAA) and Stevens Växjö will explore opportunities of delivered by SDOE to theA Partnership Agreement in Systems mutual benefit such as a Heavy Vehicles employees ofEngineering Education and Research R&D program, collaborative faculty Northrop Grumman.was signed between the FAA’s William J. research, and faculty/student exchange. Stevens and ARDECHughes Technical Center and Stevens. Undergraduate and graduate studentThe agreement provides for a Systems exchanges will be established between A Memorandum ofEngineering Graduate the international offices of both Agreement was signedEducation Program for universities and will include between Stevens and the Unitedthe William J. Hughes collaborative virtual team projects. States Army Armament Research,Technical Center and Development and Engineering Stevens and the Air Force Institute ofinvolves collaboration on Center (ARDEC) to affirm the Technologythe development of sys- establishment of a cooperativetems engineering related research ideas, A Memorandum of Understanding was relationship that leverages thethemes, and topics of mutual interest. signed between Stevens and the Air strengths of both institutions in Force Institute of Technology, WPAFB in the formulation of an "ArmyStevens and Växjö University: Academic Dayton, Ohio, with the goal of Center of Excellence in SystemsCollaboration leveraging the strengths of both Engineering." sStevens and Växjö University, Sweden, organizations towards the bettermentsigned a Memorandum of Understand- of Systems Engineering applicationing, the result of several conversations and implementation through research,between Stevens’ Associate Dean education, and executive training. Dinesh Northrop Grumman and Stevens Verma and Växjö A Memorandum of Understanding was Associate signed between Northrop Grumman Professor Corporation- Håkan Bard. Airborne Early The Warning and Schaefer Electronic Warfare Systems and Stevens’Dean Korfiatis and Dean System Design and Operational School ofLars O. Rask of the School Engineering Effectiveness Program (SDOE) toof Technology and Design atVäxjö University, Sweden at Stevens provide for an exclusive Master ofsigning the MOU and the Engineering in Systems Engineering 13