Ayw pc adv


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Ayw pc adv

  1. 1. Latest Advancements in the PC World Parag Beeraka American YouthWorks Digital Connectors Summer Program
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>What has changed in the recent years </li></ul><ul><li>What might change going forward </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the best way to be up to date </li></ul>
  3. 3. What has changed recently ? <ul><li>Have you heard about the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CPU’s - Intel’s Sandy Bridge (Core i7, i5, i3), AMD Fusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard Drives – SSD (Solid State Drives) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory – DDR3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I/O - USB3, Thunderbolt, HDMI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BIOS – UEFI </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. CPU’s – Changes
  5. 5. CPU’s – Intel SandyBridge
  6. 6. CPU’s – AMD Fusion
  7. 7. The new Motherboard <ul><li>Intel BD82HM65 Platform Controller Hub </li></ul><ul><li>AMD Radeon HD 6490M GPU </li></ul><ul><li>Quad-Core Intel i7-2630QM Mobile Processor </li></ul>
  8. 8. Motherboards – Intel
  9. 9. Motherboards – AMD
  10. 10. Hard Drives <ul><li>Magnetic Drives </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speed and Capacity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speed - 7200, 10000, 15000 RPM </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Higher the Speed - The more expensive and faster </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity – 250 GB, 500 GB, 1 TB (TeraByte = 1024 GB) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Higher the Capacity – The more expensive </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use SCSI, PATA, SATA I, II, III to connect to the MotherBoard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have Caches to speed up access to Disk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>SSD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FLASH based media - No Rotating Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Getting Popular – Expensive when compared with IDE but way FASTER </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use SATA II, III to connect to the Motherboard </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Hard Drives
  12. 12. Hard Drives <ul><li>RAID (0/1/2/3/4/5/6) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology for replicating and recovering Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combine Multiple Disk Components into one Logical Unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For superior replication and recovery - Need support in the Chipset </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Memory <ul><li>RAM – Random Access Memory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Static RAM (SRAM), Dynamic RAM (DRAM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SRAM is faster and expensive – Difficult to manufacture larger SRAM’s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DRAM is the memory used in all the computers (DDR, DDR2, DDR3) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DDR3 > DDR2 > DDR1 ( Faster and Lower Power) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>DRAM (SDRAM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Available as DIMM, SO-DIMM, microDIMM Memory Modules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DIMM – Arranged in Rows and Columns (Used in Desktops) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SO-DIMM – Small Outline DIMM (Used in Laptops) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single Sided & Double Sided DIMM’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used mainly for more capacity (8GB can contain two 4GB DIMM’s in double sided) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single, Dual and Quad Ranked DIMM’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DIMM’s provide multiple Banks for more capacity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Memory <ul><li>DRAM (Continued…) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Available as Buffered (Registered), Unbuffered DIMM’s and Fully Buffered DIMM’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buffered DIMM’s are used in Servers (Better Reliability but Expensive) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ECC, Parity Check, Parity Error built into DRAM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Methods to make sure Memory is not corrupted </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SPD – Serial Presence Detect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Describes Memory Size, Voltage of the DIMM to the BIOS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RIMM, SIMM are other DRAM technologies that didn’t become too popular </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Memory
  16. 16. Memory <ul><li>Dual Channel / Triple Channel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CPU’s talk to Multiple DIMM Slots at the same time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the Same Speed DIMM’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present day CPU’s support Triple Channel </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Memory
  18. 18. I/O <ul><li>Expansion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical MaxSpeed of 5Gbps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Main advantage of USB is wide user base and its ability to carry POWER </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Backwards compatible with USB1.0 and USB2.0 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Move towards Universal Connectivity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thunderbolt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary technology by Intel – Supported by Apple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical MaxSpeed of 10Gbps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Available only in latest Apple MacBook Pro laptops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PCIe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gen3 - Theoretical MaxSpeed of 8Gbps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually used to connect Additional Graphics Cards / Audio etc </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. I/O – Speed Comparisons
  20. 20. I/O – USB 3.0 New Connector for PC’s
  21. 21. I/O - Display <ul><li>Display </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two new standards to replace VGA, DVI ports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HDMI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Royalty based standard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DisplayPort </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Royalty free standard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio and Video can use only one cable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for > 1080p Resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support Content Protection (You cannot play illegal Blurays  ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the newer laptops have either one but not both </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. I/O – Display HDMI Display Port
  23. 23. I/O - Network <ul><li>Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different ways to connect to the Internet nowadays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ethernet - 1Gbps is the standard now </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10Gbps, 100Gbps, Fibre Channel – Slowly getting Adopted </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless - 802.11n is the standard now </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical Max of 600Mbps </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3G / 4G Technologies and Wi-max </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technologies used in the phone can also be used in Laptops </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Available via USB Dongles for the On-The-Go connectivity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bluetooth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exchange data over short distances </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. UEFI <ul><li>UEFI – Universal Extensible Firmware Interface </li></ul><ul><li>Common layer above some minimal BIOS (POST, Init etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Many Motherboard Vendors are moving towards UEFI </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CPU Independent Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster Bootup Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motherboard vendors can customize easily </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. What might change going Forward <ul><li>Push to Tablet based Computing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CPU’s from Intel and AMD are x86 based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laptops and Desktops are x86 based </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New push from Mobile Chip Vendors to manufacture Tablets based on ARM Architecture (Interesting Battle going on) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>iPhone, iPAD and most of the mobile phones are ARM Based </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Laptops as a Primary Device – Use Tablets for Entertainment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World is going more and more mobile (Even Business’s) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cellphones are being used for more than just Texting and Talking </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. What might change going forward <ul><li>Push towards Cloud Computing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the data is saved on the Internet (Email, Documents, Presentations, Tax Data etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main advantage is that you can access the data anywhere as long as you have an Internet Connection from any PC / Tablet. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More emphasis on Graphics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Youtube videos will be more crisp and clear on Laptops / Tablets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play High Definition games on Laptops / Tablets / Phones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More emphasis on Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since all the data is in the cloud, more Hackers will be eager to hack data </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. What might change going forward <ul><li>More emphasis on Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Just imagine how much data will be transferred from all these network controlled devices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your Televisions will also be connected to the Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can check Facebook messages / E-mail and Video Chat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your Phones might control your Home / Car </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can control the temperature of your A/C at Home from a phone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can turn your car on and off from your phone </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. What’s the best way to be up to date <ul><li>Read, Read, Read </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.anandtech.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.tomshardware.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ifixit.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How To Books for Dummies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep up to date on the news ( www.theinquirer.net ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ask Questions when in doubt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You might learn more than what you wanted </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Try to spend 30mins a day reading through some of the above websites or books based on computers during lunch or after school </li></ul>