manu smriti, kautaliya's management theories,ethoes,indigenous managent,leadership
KAUTILYA AND MANNU’S
His Arthashastra is the most remarkable
and comprehensive treatise on political
economy throghtout the Hindu period.
Vishnugupta, popularly known as
Kasutilya or Chanaky, was the prime
minister of Chandragupta.
Kautilya considering the king as the most
important element of state goes to explain in
detail the qualities, duties and powers of a
king which can enable him to become a
If we consider the Kautilyan state to be a
modern day organisation and his king as it’s
CEO, then the insight given by Kautilya about
what constitutes an ideal king would be very
useful in deciding of “moder day CEO”.
The leader should be able to attract followers.
The leader should have the qualities of intellect.
The leader should have the qualities of energy.
The leader as ”Rajrishi”.
The leader as ”Vijigishu”.
The leader’s concern for people.
Leader’s use of Dand for negative as well as
Manav Dharma Shastra is one of the ancient Indian
texts of high authority and merit which touches upon
almost every aspect of human life. It was written in a
period of great transition when old ideas were
changing, yielding place to new ones. It fall between
200 B.C and 200 A.D Manu talk about leadership,
industrial relations, wage, trade, pricing etc.
Manu’s theory of leadership is based on trait, behavioural and
contingency approach. Manu equates a leader with all the forces
of nature combined together and thus having the power and ability
of having a profound influence over his followers.
Characteristics of an effective
Manu has proposed
behavioural theory of
i. Ist Dimension– Concern
for the followers
ii. IInd Dimension– Concern
for the system discipline
iii. IIIrd Dimension– Self
discipline of the Leader
The leader as a
1) Kali yuga
2) Davapar yuga
4) sat yuga
According to Manu, a leader to ensure effective
performance from his followers, should define his
leadership style after considering four aspects of
Mannu said about trait theory that leader
should be like indra, vayu, yama, surya,
agni, chandra and kuber.
Kautilya gave a theory about that leader
should be able to attract followers.
Leader should have the qualities of intellect,
Mannu gave an behavioural approach of
effective leadership of three dimensions.
Kautilya said at the same time the leader as a
rajrishi and vijigshu.
Mannu said as contingency theory which says
that leader should seek for Desh, Kaal , Shakti
Kautilya said that he understands that merit of
all action is in relation to situation.
Manusmiriti gives the understanding of
Transformational and visionanry leadership.
According to Manu to be a good ruler the
king should regulated his lifestyle in proper
way. Manu preponded three theory of
Approach and ContingencyApproach.
Qualities of leader Indra,Voyu ,Yama,
Surya, Agni, Chandra, Kuber.
KAUTILYA had rational approach to
governance and statecraft. He conceptuize
the state and the office of the kingship to
human artificts.Also his model of the human
being was very reaistic. Qualities of leader -
Leader should be able attract follower.
Quaities of intellect.Qualities of energy. He
should have pleasant personality.
Manu and kautilya had conceived the state
as a seven inned. Both had define the various
qualification an ideal king should posses ,
duties of the king in adminstrative legal
financial religious and miitary field. Manu and
Kautiya might be of considerable help in
creating sn honest politician.They also help
in maintenance of law and order. At last
both belive in the adage “YADA RAJATATHA
Nancy Madhu Parveen