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Web Technology Trends
Prodosh Banerjee, Managing Partner, Anolim

               http://anolim.com
  web applications, ser...
What Trend?

                                                                               2
Source: Geek and Poke (http:...
Context

          3
Context

          4
Why Trends?

              5
Semantic Web (Web 3.0)

 Web Application Development

 Web / Cloud Platforms




Web Technology Trends

                  ...
Find inter related data more easily

         Online analysis

        More automation:
allow the computers to do more



...
Question related to Alzheimers:
         What proteins are involved in signal transduction
              and are related t...
Semantic Web

                                                                                  9
Source: http://www.using...
From a web of documents ... to a web of things

“Things” can be: people, places, videos, events ...

  RDFa: meta data mar...
<?xml version=quot;1.0quot; encoding=quot;UTF-8quot;?>
      <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC quot;-//W3C//DTD XHTML+RDFa 1.0//ENquot...
Semantic Web: Linked Documents

                                                                         12
http://www4.wi...
Query the web of related things
           like a database with:

                SPARQL:
 The query language of the seman...
The following simple SPARQL query returns all country capitals in Africa:

       PREFIX abc: <http://example.com/exampleO...
Web Technology Trends

                        15
Semantic Web (Web 3.0)

 Web Application Development

 Web / Cloud Platforms




Web Technology Trends

                  ...
Web Content Frameworks

 Web Programming Language




Web Application Development

                        17
Content
(Semantic) web of linked
       content

Web Content Frameworks            Data

Why reinvent the wheel?
Use conte...
Web Content Frameworks

                     19
Drupal: Modular, open source, > 2000 plug-in modules,
 standards compliant, interfaces to many web services

  Dynamic Con...
Alfresco: Enterprise Content Management, Open Source

   Document and Content Management, Workflows,
    Collaboration, Int...
Easy to manipulate web interfaces

           Easy to do Web GUIs

            Parallel processing:
          Functional P...
Web Programming Language: Use Case

                           23
Trendy:

  Ruby on Rails: DRY, CoC, OO, FP

Python: OO, FP, reflective, clear syntax

             Established:

   Java, P...
Python: Google, YouTube, NASA, New York
            Stock Exchange

  Ruby on Rails: Hulu, Twitter, Basecamp

PHP (LAMP): ...
Web Programming Language Trends

                         26
Semantic Web (Web 3.0)

Web Application Development

    Web Content Frameworks

    Web Programming Languages

Web / Clou...
Platform as a service:

You can run your Windows/.Net or LAMP (Linux,
 Apache, MySQL, PHP), Ruby, Python or other
stack on...
OS: Linux 7, Windows 2
          Web server: Apache 7, IIS 2, Lighttpd 2
Scripting: PHP 4, Perl 4, ASP.NET 2, Python 1, Ja...
Linux, Apache, MySQL, Programming Language

   Large PHP, Python Sites: Yahoo, Google

    Ruby: Hulu, Twitter, Basecamp, ...
Service as a platform:

       Google App Engine: Python only

Microsoft Azure (end-2009): Windows, .NET, Live
       Mesh...
Semantic Web (Web 3.0)

             Web Application Development

             Web / Cloud Platforms


Follow Up: http://a...
Why are so many big web sites running LAMP,
   Python, Ruby on Rails and not Java?

   Why is Java preferred in the Enterp...
Semantic Web Stack

                                                              34
http://www.w3.org/2004/Talks/0923-sb-...
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Web Technology Trends (early 2009)

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A look ahead to the web technology trends in the areas of the semantic web, development tools and cloud computing in 2009.

Published in: Technology, Education
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Web Technology Trends (early 2009)

  1. 1. Web Technology Trends Prodosh Banerjee, Managing Partner, Anolim http://anolim.com web applications, services & solutions for: collaboration, marketing / communications, social media, knowledge sharing, e-commerce
  2. 2. What Trend? 2 Source: Geek and Poke (http://www.geekandpoke.com) Creative Commons Licensed
  3. 3. Context 3
  4. 4. Context 4
  5. 5. Why Trends? 5
  6. 6. Semantic Web (Web 3.0) Web Application Development Web / Cloud Platforms Web Technology Trends 6
  7. 7. Find inter related data more easily Online analysis More automation: allow the computers to do more Semantic Web: Why? 7
  8. 8. Question related to Alzheimers: What proteins are involved in signal transduction and are related to pyramidal neurons Search Engine: 223‘000 hits, 0 results Linked healthcare data: 32 hits, 32 results Why Semantic Web: Example 8 Source: Tim Berners-Lee TED Presentation http://www.w3.org/2009/Talks/0204-ted-tbl/
  9. 9. Semantic Web 9 Source: http://www.usingmyhead.com/2007/07/31/my-definition-of-the-semantic-web/
  10. 10. From a web of documents ... to a web of things “Things” can be: people, places, videos, events ... RDFa: meta data markup for linking “things” uses attributes from XHTML's meta and link elements Representation: Triple: Subject, Predicate, Object Semantic Web - what it is: markup 10
  11. 11. <?xml version=quot;1.0quot; encoding=quot;UTF-8quot;?> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC quot;-//W3C//DTD XHTML+RDFa 1.0//ENquot; quot;http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/DTD/xhtml-rdfa-1.dtdquot;> <html xmlns=quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtmlquot; xmlns:foaf=quot;http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/quot; xmlns:dc=quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/quot; xml:lang=quot;enquot;> <head> <title>John's Home Page</title> <base href=quot;http://example.org/john-d/quot; /> <meta property=quot;dc:creatorquot; content=quot;Jonathan Doequot; /> </head> <body> <h1>John's Home Page</h1> <p>My name is <span property=quot;foaf:nickquot;>John D</span> and I like <a href=quot;http://www.neubauten.org/quot; rel=quot;foaf:interestquot; xml:lang=quot;dequot;>Einstürzende Neubauten</a>. </p> <p> My <span rel=quot;foaf:interestquot; resource=quot;urn:ISBN:0752820907quot;>favorite book</span> is the inspiring <span about=quot;urn:ISBN:0752820907quot;><cite property=quot;dc:titlequot;>Weaving the Web</cite> by <span property=quot;dc:creatorquot;>Tim Berners-Lee</span></span> </p> XHTML and RDFa Example 11 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RDFa#XHTML.2BRDFa_1.0_example
  12. 12. Semantic Web: Linked Documents 12 http://www4.wiwiss.fu-berlin.de/bizer/pub/lod-datasets_2009-03-05.html
  13. 13. Query the web of related things like a database with: SPARQL: The query language of the semantic Web Semantic Web - what it is: query language 13
  14. 14. The following simple SPARQL query returns all country capitals in Africa: PREFIX abc: <http://example.com/exampleOntology#> SELECT ?capital ?country WHERE { ?x abc:cityname ?capital ; abc:isCapitalOf ?y . ?y abc:countryname ?country ; abc:isInContinent abc:Africa . } Variables are indicated by a quot;?quot; or quot;$quot; prefix. Bindings for ?capital and the ? country will be returned. The SPARQL query processor will search for sets of triples that match these four triple patterns, binding the variables in the query to the corresponding parts of each triple. In this query, the prefix quot;abcquot; stands for “http://example.com/ exampleOntology#”. SPARQL Example 14 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sparql
  15. 15. Web Technology Trends 15
  16. 16. Semantic Web (Web 3.0) Web Application Development Web / Cloud Platforms Web Technology Trends 16
  17. 17. Web Content Frameworks Web Programming Language Web Application Development 17
  18. 18. Content (Semantic) web of linked content Web Content Frameworks Data Why reinvent the wheel? Use content technology Storage Web Content Frameworks 18
  19. 19. Web Content Frameworks 19
  20. 20. Drupal: Modular, open source, > 2000 plug-in modules, standards compliant, interfaces to many web services Dynamic Content Types and Queries, Taxonomies, Tagging, Collaboration, Communities, Photo, Video, Music, Web Interfaces, Blogs, Forums, Programmable Layouts Very large, active community Users: MTV, Sony-BMG, US Govt, NY Observer, Amazee, Edipresse, DRS, Now Public, Team Sugar, Harvard, Popular Science, NASA Web Content Frameworks: Drupal 20
  21. 21. Alfresco: Enterprise Content Management, Open Source Document and Content Management, Workflows, Collaboration, Interoperability Services, Records Management, Image Management Strong backers: SAP Ventures & other Investors Users: CH Bundesgericht, Kt. Waadt, American Stock Exchange, Harvard, McGraw Hill, Swisscom Mobile Labs, Electronic Arts, Shimano, Lausanne City Enterprise Content Management: Alfresco 21
  22. 22. Easy to manipulate web interfaces Easy to do Web GUIs Parallel processing: Functional Programming Map - Reduce algorithm Web Programming Languages: Requirements 22
  23. 23. Web Programming Language: Use Case 23
  24. 24. Trendy: Ruby on Rails: DRY, CoC, OO, FP Python: OO, FP, reflective, clear syntax Established: Java, PHP (>= v5): OO, reflective C++, Eiffel: OO Trendy Web Programming Languages 24
  25. 25. Python: Google, YouTube, NASA, New York Stock Exchange Ruby on Rails: Hulu, Twitter, Basecamp PHP (LAMP): Yahoo, Facebook, Wikipedia, Lufthansa (GUI), used by 35% of web sites Java: Amazon, Ebay, Gmail C++: Google / .Net: MySpace Web Programming Languages 25
  26. 26. Web Programming Language Trends 26
  27. 27. Semantic Web (Web 3.0) Web Application Development Web Content Frameworks Web Programming Languages Web / Cloud Platforms Web Technology Trends 27
  28. 28. Platform as a service: You can run your Windows/.Net or LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP), Ruby, Python or other stack on the computing resources provided as a service Amazon AWS: EC2, EBS, S3 Web / Cloud Platforms 28
  29. 29. OS: Linux 7, Windows 2 Web server: Apache 7, IIS 2, Lighttpd 2 Scripting: PHP 4, Perl 4, ASP.NET 2, Python 1, Java 1 Database: MySQL 7, SQL Server 1 (possibly 2) Source: Pingdom: (http://royal.pingdom.com/2007/08/22/what-nine-of-the-world%E2%80%99s-largest-websites-are-running-on/) Large Web Sites: Platform Trends 29
  30. 30. Linux, Apache, MySQL, Programming Language Large PHP, Python Sites: Yahoo, Google Ruby: Hulu, Twitter, Basecamp, Scribd Large .Net Sites: Myspace.com, Live.com Large Java Sites: eBay, Amazon, Gmail Large Web Sites: Platform Trends 30
  31. 31. Service as a platform: Google App Engine: Python only Microsoft Azure (end-2009): Windows, .NET, Live Mesh, MSSQL, Sharepoint, PHP Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Hadoop) Web / Cloud Platforms 31
  32. 32. Semantic Web (Web 3.0) Web Application Development Web / Cloud Platforms Follow Up: http://anolim.com/blog/web-technology-trends Web Technology Trends 32
  33. 33. Why are so many big web sites running LAMP, Python, Ruby on Rails and not Java? Why is Java preferred in the Enterprise? Public Web vs. Enterprise differences Why is the semantic web important? What are your thoughts? Q&A, Discussion 33
  34. 34. Semantic Web Stack 34 http://www.w3.org/2004/Talks/0923-sb-whoiw3c/slide23-0.html

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